Paul R Lehman

MENC President 1984-1986


Born    April 20, 1931, Athens, Ohio

B.S. Ed. Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, 1953
Master of Music in Wind Instruments, University of Michigan, 1959
PhD	in Music, University of Michigan, 1962

Taught   in the public schools of Ohio, at the University of Colorado, the University of

Kentucky, and the Eastman School of Music

Joined and was professor of music education and dean of the school of music at the

University of Michigan

(was serving as professor of music and Associate Dean of the School of Music

at the University of Michigan during the term as MENC president)


Specialties: teacher education, music curriculum, and measurement and evaluation


Significant Publications:

Lehman, Paul R. (1985). The Class of 2001: Coping With the Computer Bandwagon,
     Music Educators National Conference.

Lehman, Paul R. (1986). Who Cares About Quality in Education, Music Educators

     National Conference.

Lehman, Paul R. (1987). Music in Today's Schools: Rationale and Commentary, Music

     Educators National Conference.

Lehman, Paul R. (2002). A Personal Perspective, Music Educators Journal, March,

     2002, 47-51. (An article summarizing some of his thoughts on a variety of topics).

Significant Personal Accomplishment:

Held an appointment as music specialist with the United States Department of

Education in Washington

Served the Music Educators National Conference as chair of the National Commission

on Instruction and the Music Education Research Council,

as a member of the editorial committee and as book review editor of the Journal

of Research in Music Education,

as national president (1984-86),

as a project director for the Ann Arbor Symposium on research in the

psychology of music learning

Active as a consultant and lecturer

Published several books and more than 50 articles on curriculums and teacher


Coordinated “the recent effort to develop national standards for music instruction in

the nation's elementary and secondary schools” (School of Music, U of


Had major roles in the MENC Leadership Training Institutes, the Research Training

Institutes, and the Goals and Objectives Project” (MEJ NewsBrief, May 1982)



Recipient of MENC Service Award, Music Educators National Conference, 1988-89,

of Distinguished Service Award, Music Educators National Conference, 1990,

of Citation, National Federation of Music Clubs, 1993,

and of Certificate of Appreciation, Music Educators National Conference, 1994

The National Symposium "Aiming for Excellence: The Impact of the Standards

Movement on Music Education," 1996, cosponsored by the University of

Michigan School of Music and the Music Educators National Conference

(MENC), held in honor of Paul R. Lehman on the occasion of his retirement from the University of Michigan

Recipient of National Citation, Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity, 1996

and of Distinguished Service Award, Music Industry Conference, 1997,

Inducted into the Music Educators Hall of Fame, Music Educators National

Conference, 2000,

Inducted as an Honorary Life member of the International Society for Music Education,



Personal Biography:
Married Ruth Wickline in 1953,
            have two children, David (born in 1963) and Laura (born in 1965),
Laura (Christian) has two children, Diana (born in 1993) and Matthew (born 
in 1997)  
Hobby 	travel
Notable Quotes:
“Music is one of the most powerful, most compelling, and most glorious manifestations of every cultural heritage. All of us ought to be able to understand, enjoy, and participate fully in our musical environment.”
“Teaching is an art. It cannot be reduced to formulas or recipes. It requires a vast amount of spontaneity and an enormous ability to improvise. It’s not a science, but it can have a basis in research. There are clear relationships between things teachers do and things students learn.  The task of teacher education is to help teachers apply what is known about these relationships.”
“Music educators have something to give to the youth of America that no one else can give them; and it’s something that, once given, can never be taken away.  It is the beauty and joy of music.  Let’s make the most of this marvelous opportunity.” (All three from MEJ, Grand Masters Series, March 2002)

Interview questions:

Why want to be MENC president?

“Like most other presidents, I was pleased to serve as MENC president because the office provides an opportunity to make an important contribution to our profession and to give back something for all of the benefits I have received.” 


What consider to be the greatest accomplishments and disappointments

during the term in office?

“During my presidency I worked hard to help music achieve a position among the basic disciplines of the curriculum during a period of intensive education reform.  There were many related initiatives undertaken to achieve this goal.

We were successful in many respects but one can never be as successful as one would like in an undertaking of such scope and magnitude.  Since that time I believe that my most important contributions were my roles in chairing the groups that developed the national voluntary standards for music education, the Opportunity-To-Learn Standards for Music Instruction, and the Performance Standards for Music.”


Sources Used:

MEJ, March 2002

Personal interview though e-mails in October 2002


Other Sources:

Articles on Music Educators Journal:

The last word: Down from the pedestal. Music Educators Journal, 72, Jan 1986, 74.

The last word: Down from the pedestal. Readers comment: Down from the ivory tower. 

     L. B. Hilton. Music Educators Journal, 72, Mar 1986, 6-7.

Focus: the MENC goals for 1990--Looking ahead: achieving the MENC goals. Music

     Educators Journal, 73, Apr 1987, 28-31.

Toward Civilization: how can it affect music education? Music Educators Journal, 75,

     Jan 1989, 22-27.

Assessing your program's effectiveness. Music Educators Journal, 76, Dec 1989, 26-29.

Counterpoint. P. R. Lehman. (artists-in-residence programs) Music Educators Journal,

     79, Sep 1992, 41.

Implications of national standards. Music Educators Journal, 80, Nov 1993, 25-28.

National assessment of arts education: A first look. Music Educators Journal, 85:4, Jan 
     1999, 34-37.

A personal perspective. Music Educators Journal, 88:5, Mar 2002, 47-52.


Articles on Teaching Music:

Gains for music education will last. Teaching Music, 2:6, 1995, 11.

National Coalition for Music Education: Standards implementation--suggestions for

     consideration. Teaching Music, 2; 4, 1995, 51.

Music teachers to compile assessment standards. (for Goals 2000: Educate America

     Act). Teaching Music, 2:4, 1995, 18.

Postmarks. (announces his retirement from Univ. of Michigan School of Music) 

     Teaching Music, 3:4, 1996, 25.

MENC leaders assess Summit. (National Education Summit in Palisades, New York,

     endorses set of education goals that do not mention the arts). Teaching Music, 3:6,  

     1996, 14.

Symposium timing ‘excellent'. (Aiming for Excellence: The Impact of the Standards

     Movement on Music Education at University of Michigan) (interview with P.

     Lehman) Teaching Music, 3:6, 1996, 26.

Advocacy: Promoting the Standards and music education. Teaching Music, 4:6, 1997,


Assessment & grading. Teaching Music, 5:3, Dec 1997, 58-59.

Responding to the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Teaching Music, 6:1,

     Aug 1998, 38-39.

Making the most of the 1997 NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress).

     Teaching Music, 6:2, Oct 1998, 30-31.


Articles on Music Trades:

Industry future debated at NAMM summit. (The first NAMM Global Economic

     Summit). Music Trades, 141, Sep 1993, 98-100.

National Coalition for Music Education: Standards implementation--suggestions for

     consideration. Music Trades, 143, Mar 1995, ff-190.


Articles on ISME, NASM, JRME, CRME, PMER, Q-JMTL, and others:

A selected bibliography of works on music testing. Journal of Research in Music 
     Education, XVII/4, Winter 1969, 427-42.
Evaluation: principles and pitfalls. College Music Symposium, XIII, Fall 1973, 18-24. 

Teaching music in the 1900's. Dialogue in Instrumental Music Education, 10:1, 1986, 


A view of tomorrow.  NASM, 75, 1987, 209-220.

What's new in music education. NASSP Curriculum Report, 8:2, Nov 1988.
The unfinished task. Society for General Music, 1988, 79-81.

A music education view of the world. ISME (formerly ISME YEARBOOK), 15, 1988,


Assessing learning in the music classroom. NASSP bulletin, 76; 544, May 1992, 56-62. 

The national standards for music education: meeting the challenges. The Quarterly

     Journal of Music Teaching and Learning, 6:2, 1995, 5-13.

Who benefits from the National Standards: a response to Catherine M. Schmidt's "Who

     Benefits? Music Education and the National Standards.” Philosophy of Music

     Education Review, 5:1, 1997, 55-57.

Standards in music education: proceedings of the 1997 Ohio Graduate Music Education

     Forum. (summary by K. V. Lucas and B. Ebie). Contributions to Music Education.

     24: 2, 1997, 85-90.

Pogonowski, Lenore M., (Ed.). Readings in general music: Selected reprints from 
     Soundings, a publication of the Society for General Music, 1982 to 1987. Reston: 
     Society for General Music, 1988.
Colwell, Richard J. (Ed.). Music Educators National Conference. Handbook of research 
     on music teaching and learning. New York: Schirmer 1992.
Lehman, Paul R. Promoting the standards and music education. Teaching Music, 4; 6, 
     June 1997, 29.
Lehman, Paul R. & Walters, Jane. Teaching the skills and knowledge called for in the 
     National Standards.  Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference, 2000.   Madsen, Clifford K. (Editor) Vision 2020: The Housewright. 
Lehman, Paul R. Symposium on the Future of Music Education. Reston, VA: Music 
     Educators National Conference, 2000.