1) The following data came from the Troll 3.1 well in the Norwegian North Sea:

19.75, 1490

407, 10510

545, 11160

825, 11730

1158, 12410

1454, 12585

2060, 13445

2263, 14685

Plot a graph of these data, and then using the show command and a function, plot an "eyeballed" best-fitting straight line through these data.

Then estimate: (i) the sedimentation rate for the last 10,000 years, (ii) the sedimentation rate for the preceding 5,000 years, (iii) the time since sedimentation ceased.

(This comes from the book

2) As lava flows down the side of a volcano, its velocity , v, is an important quantity to be able to calculate. The following equation is found by solving a viscous boundary value problem:

Where

Make sure to do some dimensional analysis here!

viscosity has units of ((Force/Area)(time))

(one pascal is a newton/m^2)

(one newton is kg m s^-2)

From Jon Fink:

Typically basalts have been assigned 100 Pa-s. Rhyolites are probably closer to 10^7-10^9 Pa-s.

Make the best estimate you can for the other parameters (density, slope, etc.)

(i) Plot the velocity distribution of each the flows from the bottom to the top on separate plots and the same plot. Where is the highest velocity of the flow?

(ii) If you were on the edge of a 5 degree sloping volcano on the Galapagos (basaltic lava) and were being chased by a 2 m thick lava flow, could you outrun it?

(iii) If the steepest a volcano slope might get to and still allow for flow (as opposed to slumping or collapse) is about 30 degrees, how fast could a rhyolite flow 25 m thick get going?

This problem comes from the so-far unpublished

Turn in formatted notebooks that solve these geological problems and answer the questions to the glg490 folder on Caliente public folder and drop us a line that you have done so at glg490@asu.edu by the beginning of class on Wednesday, December 10.

Pages maintained by

Prof. Ramón Arrowsmith

Last modified December 3, 1997