Scientific: Ambrosia deltoidea
Common: triangle bursage, canyon bursage, rabbit bush
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: Lower Sonoran Desert foothills and slopes, central Arizona into Sonora Mexico and west into eastern California and Baja California.

Pronounciation: Am-BRO-see-a del-TOY-dee-a

Hardiness zones
Sunset
11-13
USDA 9-10 (arid zones only)

Landscape Use: Xeric landscape plantings as a low growing and spreading filler plant, native lower Sonoran Desert habitat restoration projects including desert slope stabilization, mass plantings, highway medium plantings

Form & Character: Small, rounded, dome-like, mounding, symmetrical, arid, desert, not expressive, uninspiring.

Growth Habit: Evergreen, semi-woody perennial, mostly biological active during winter, moderate growth rate to 2 feet in height (1 foot in it's native habitat) with slightly greater spread. Irrigating triangle bursage will increase it's Rounded, dome-like ultimate size.

Foliage/Texture: Leaves are alternately arranged, simple, evergreen, distinctly triangular or with a wedge-shaped base, gray-green, occasionally revolute to 3 inches long, but generally smaller; medium fine texture.

Flowers & Fruits: Terminal clusters of small yellow-green flowers in December to April. Fruit pea sized with hooked spine, inconspicuous.

Seasonal Color: More heavily vegetated in winter. Otherwise no accent.

Temperature: Tolerant to 22oF

Light: Full sun

Soil: Slopes and porous fast draining soils are best. Avoid planting at the base of landscape swales where soil drainage might be poor.

Watering: Little is needed after establishment. Only rarely irrigate during the winter if winter rains fail to materialize, otherwise responds well to supplemental water during the summer. But be careful as too much extra water will encourage rank growth.

Pruning: Slight shearing during the fall before onset of winter growth is used to increase landscape symmetry.

Propagation: Seed or softwood cuttings.

Disease and pests: Root rot in poorly drained soils is common.

Additional comments: A. deltiodea is generally without outstanding floral accent features and is not a plant for use in mesic garden themes. It is best used as a companion filler plant for native desert restoration projects and landscape plantings away from people. Triangle bursage is the principal nurse plant for saguaro at Organ Pipe National Monument. Its shade reduces maximum soil surface temperatures, and it also provides a microhabitat with elevated soil nitrogen levels.

Allergy alert: Recently, many landscape architects have taken to specifying Ambrosia in native landscape planting designs around Phoenix. However, Ambrosia plants including A. deltoidea have foliage that is allergenic causing an acute airborne contact dermatitis for many people.