Scientific: Crassula argentea (also known as Crassula ovata)
Common: jade plant
Family: Crassulaceae
Origin: South Africa

Pronounciation: Cras-SU-la ar-GEN-te-a

Hardiness zones
Sunset
13-24
USDA 9-11

Landscape Use: Container plant, atriums, entryways, patio planters, protected landscape beds.

Form & Character: Stiffly upright and branched, brittle, succulent, informal.

Growth Habit: Moderately vigorous and upright from 3 to 10 feet in height with slightly greater spread.

Foliage/Texture: Succulent flattened obovate leaves to 3 inches in length on thick brittle succulent stems, leaves simple and nearly sessile; medium fine texture.

Flowers & Fruits: Abundant terminal clusters of small white flowers following development of pink sepal covered flower buds; fruit insignificant.

Seasonal Color: Flowers in winter.

Temperature: Heat loving to 110oF, frost sensitive. May need winter protection in frost and freeze prone areas of Phoenix.

Light: Partial shade, no western sun in Phoenix.

Soil: For jade tree, a well-drained or drier soil is an essential requirement.

Watering: Regular to some drought; DO NOT overwater.

Pruning: Selective reduction pruning and some heading is all that is needed.

Propagation: Propagation of jade tree is ridiculously easy by stem cuttings of any size or caliper, just stick them in the ground and they'll grow roots; rooting by leaf cuttings is easy too.

Disease and pests: Root and stem rots in moist or poorly drained soils.

Additional comments: Jade plant is often grown indoors as a container plant across Europe and the cooler parts of the United States with some difficulty usually related to low light and overly moist soil causing root and stem rots. In southern california, jade plant is an outstanding large outdoor landscape plant that makes an attractive large accent plant to sometimes 10' in height.

Note from the past: As a boy I discovered the amazing 'frisbee' properties of the jade plant leaf. Hold the leaf like you're going to skip a rock and then throw the detached leaf in a side arm fashion and watch in amazement how far it goes. Do it right and you will throw it as far as Tiger Woods can hit a golf ball with a 7 iron.