Pronounciation: Di-mor-pho-THEC-a sin-u-A-ta
Sunset All zones
USDA All zones
Landscape Use: Winter annual in Phoenix, front yard wild flower gardens, desert landscape borders, desert restoration, annual ground cover over a large area for best effect
Form & Character: Uninhibited, free flowering, boisterous
Growth Habit: Branched annual to 4 to 12 inches tall.
Foliage/texture: Dentate medium green to gray green foliage, narrow to 2 inches long green stems; medium fine texture.
Flowers & fruits: Ray flower, multi colored from white to orange to purple, will readily reseed.
Seasonal color: Flowers in February to April
Temperature: Temperature parameterizes the seasonal use of African daisy in profound ways. On balance, it thrives in cooler weather with temperatures consistently below 80oF and is a complete landscape wimp if temperatures exceed 90oF.
Light: Full sun
Soil: Tolerant, but best in well-drained soil
Watering: Takes some aridity. In fact, less water promotes short and stiffly erect plants hold their flowers high, whereas copious water and high fertility promotes a less attractive leggy, floppy and sprawling cover - much like Pistol Pete would wear his socks. Be sure to let the soil dry at the height of flowering and into early summer to insure maximum reseeding. It's also imperative to keep reseeded soils dry through the summer to preserve seed in a dormant state for germination the following fall.
Disease and pests: None
Additional comments: Sow African daisy seed in late summer to early fall in Phoenix for that wonderful carpet of landscape color the following February and March. After flowering, African daisy will reseed (if you are patient and let the plants go to seed) and colonize large areas for spectacular, dependable displays year after year with only a small amount of winter rainfall. African daisy can naturalize in the winter rainfall areas of the southwestern United States, especially coastal California. The cultivar 'Salmon Queen' has large flowers with pastel shades of salmon and apricot. The genus name Dimorpotheca is derived from Greek dis (twice), morphe (shape) and theka (a fruit), referring to the different kinds of seeds produced by the ray and the disc flowers.