Pronounciation: No-LEE-na my-crow-CAR-pa-ka
Sunset 3, 10-13
Landscape Use: Foliar and flowering accent for large landscape areas
Form & Character: Stiffly pendant, caulescent, shrubby, and grass like.
Growth Habit: Moderate to eventually 5 feet with 8 feet spread.
Foliage/Texture: Medium green, very finely serrulate (major paper cut time if mishandled!), 1/2 inch wide by 3 feet long, slightly thickened and concave. Foliage rosetting and emerging from a caudex (palm like trunk) that is mostly subterranean; medium fine texture.
Flowers & Fruits: Paniculate, small yellowish white flowers on a 6 feet stalk; fruits 3-lobed, somewhat inflated.
Seasonal Color: Summer flowers when plants mature.
Light: Full sun
Soil: WELL DRAINED soil is required, especially in winter when soils can be damp and cold.
Watering: Some deep and infrequent water is needed during summer if this plant is being grown in lower desert landscapes. No water other than rainfall is needed in winter.
Propagation: Seed, cold stratification quickens germination. Very slow to establish growing only 10 leaves in first 2 years.
Disease and pests: Fungal root rot common in cold damp soils.
Additional comments: Needs adequate space to accommodate spread. Foliage laden with calcium oxalate and saponin/sapogenin. Nolina was first described 1803 by Michaux, based on plants of N. georgiana. In 1911, Trelease recognized 25 species of Nolina. N. microcarpa shows some phenotypic variation. While most beargrass species do not have sharp spines, leaves can have sharp edges, so caution should still be taken around them.