Scientific: Photinia X fraseri (Photinia fraseri)
Common: Fraser's photinia, red tip photinia, red tip
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: hybrid cross between Photinia glabra and P. serrulata of Japan and China, respectively.

Pronounciation: Foe-TIN-ee-a FRA-sir-eye

Hardiness zones
4-24 (2 and 3 with cold protection)
USDA 7 (with protection), 8-11 (difficult in arid regions)

Landscape Use: New foliar accent shrub, informal hedge, background screen, small flowering tree standard for mesic and oasis landscape design motifs.

Form & Character: Upright, rounded, dense, robust, clean, and colorful.

Growth Habit: Evergreen woody large shrub to small tree, moderate graowth vigor to 6 to 8 feet tall if grown as a shrub to upwards of 20 feet tall if grown as a tree standard (as often done in coastal California).

Foliage/Texture: Elliptic entire leaves with serrate margins to 3 to 5 inches long, broadly cuneate at base; medium texture.

Flowers & Fruits: Showy small white flowers in corymbs, musty fragrance, fruit inconspicuous.

Seasonal Color: White flowers in late February and March in Phoenix and Tuscon (late April and early May in Prescott and Payson), bright red new foliage most common during spring and early summer.

Temperature: Tolerant

Light: Full sun to partial shade, avoid southwest and western exposures in Phoenix.

Soil: Foliar chlorosis in alkaline soils.

Watering: Regular water in Phoenix required

Pruning: Shearing during growing season promotes foliar color. In time, Fraser photina can be trained into a colorful accent standard.

Propagation: Cutting

Disease and pests: Entosporium bacterial leaf spot, fireblight, powdery mildew.

Additional comments: Under right conditions, spectacular bright red new foliage and colorful spring flowers. Fraser photinia is not very common in Phoenix and Tucson, but is more common in higher elevation Arizona cities such as Prescott and Payson. In central and northern California it is often seen as a small standard tree. In the southeastern United States, Fraser photinia was once an incredibly popular large hedge plant; however, entomosporium leaf spot has become such a regional problem because of the humid summers that it's popularity is now waning.

Excellent new cultivars include 'Tuscan Orange' (orange red new foliage and stems), 'Red Robin Compacta' (dwarf and compact growth habit), and 'Magical Volcano' (more serrated leaf margins).