Pronounciation: SAY-licks mat-su-DA-na
Sunset All zones
Landscape Use: Shade tree, accent, lawn tree, large park tree, golf courses, around water features. This tree is a dependable performer in high elevation, cold desert landscapes.
Form & Character: Large, spreading, round-topped tree, tough and hardy, graceful with suggestions of water nearby.
Growth Habit: Woody, deciduous perennial tree, rapid symmetrical growth, potentially to 70 feet in height, though usually reduced in lower desert.
Foliage/Texture: Leaves light green, linear to 3 inches (shorter than S. babylonica, glandular, often serrate. Branches slender and pendulous, young stems yellowish; fine texture.
Flowers & Fruits: Inconspicuous
Seasonal Color: Light green spring foliage, some yellow foliar fall color, especially the cultiva 'Golden Curls'.
Temperature: Very cold hardy
Light: Full sun
Watering: Requires regular water in Phoenix, else where takes some drought.
Pruning: Elevate canopy base, structurally train hard when young.
Propagation: Easily rooted by cutting.
Disease and pests: Frothy flux likely caused by a yeast or other saprophytic or secondary organism that invades mostly young trees through wounds, causing fermentation of plant tissue. Other rare or lesser problems include borers, cytospora canker, aphids, and mites.
Additional comments: Globe willow is commonly found in landscapes of northeast Arizona in towns such as Page. This willow taxon is more drought tolerant than S. babylonica. Several popular cultivars include:
For landscape use, always select willows from nursery stock that have a dominant, straight central leader with obvious thick trunk caliper. Like other species in the genus Salix, the fresh bark of globe willow contains the chemical compound salicin, which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body. Researchers have found that the leaves of S. matsudana contain five flavonoids which have considerable inhibitory activity against cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) and enhanced norepinephrine-induced lipolysis in fat cells (anti-obesity activity). The thin elongated stems of globe willow have been used for weaving wicker baskets.