ENG 430: 30060
ENG 535: 97960

The killing of a gorilla
from Winwood Reade, Savage Africa [1864]

(these are just the highlights).


Adams, James Eli. Dandies and Desert Saints: Styles of Victorian Masculinity. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1995.

Bivona, Dan and Roger B. Henkle. The Imagination of Class: Masculinity and the Victorian Urban Poor. Ohio State UP, 2006.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York and London: Routledge, 1990.

Crosby, Christina. The Ends of History: Victorians and "The Woman Question." New York: Routledge, 1991.

Cvetkovich, Ann. Mixed Feelings : Feminism, Mass Culture, and Victorian Sensationalism. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Gilbert, Sandra and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. New Haven : Yale University Press, 1979.

Hall, Donald, ed.  Muscular Christianity:  Embodying the Victorian Age.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Lane, Christopher. The Burdens of Intimacy: Psychoanalysis and Victorian Masculinity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Poovey, Mary. Uneven Developments: the Ideological Work of Gender in Mid-Victorian England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Showalter, Elaine. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. New York: Viking, 1990.

Sussman, Herbert L. Victorian Masculinities: Manhood and Masculine Poetics in Early Victorian Literature and Art. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP, 1995.

Rewriting the Victorians: Theory, History, and the Politics of Gender.
Edited by Linda M.Shires. New York: Routledge, 1992.

Tosh, John. A Man's Place: Masculinity and the Middle-Class Home in Victorian England. New Haven: Yale UP, 1999.

Tuchman, Gaye. Edging Women Out: Victorian Novelists, Publishers, and Social Change. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Warhol, Robyn R. Gendered Interventions: Narrative Discourse in the Victorian Novel. New Brunswick : Rutgers University Press, 1989.

Sympathy, Sensibility, and Spectacle:

Anderson, Amanda. Tainted Souls and Painted Faces: The Rhetoric of Fallenness in Victorian Culture. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1993.

Barker-Benfield, G.J. The Culture of Sensibility: Sex and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1992.

Batten, Guinn. The Orphaned Imagination: Melancholy and Commodity Culture in English Romanticism. Durham and London: Duke UP, 1998.

Bell, Michael. Sentimentalism, Ethics, and the Culture of Feeling. New York: Palgrave, 2000.

Brooks, Peter. Body Work: Objects of Desire in Modern Narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1993.

Burke, Edmund. A Philosophical Enquiry into the Sublime and Beautiful [1757]. Ed. David Womersley. London: Penguin, 1998.

Dever, Carolyn. Death and the Mother from Dickens to Freud. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.

Douglas, Mary. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966.

Engels, Frederick. The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State. Trans.Ernest Untermann. 1884. Chicago: Kerr, 1902.

Freud, Sigmund. “Mourning and Melancholia.” SE 14, 239-258.

Hadley, Elaine. Melodramatic Tactics: Theatricalized Dissent in the English Marketplace, 1800-1885. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1995.

Hinton, Laura. The Perverse Gaze of Sympathy: Sadomasochistic Sentiments from Clarissa to Rescue 911. Albany: SUNY P, 1991.

Hochman, Baruch and Ilja Wachs. Dickens: The Orphan Condition. Madison: Farleigh Dickinson UP and London: Associated University Presses, 1999.

Jameson, Frederic. “Imaginary and Symbolic in Lacan: Marxism, Psychoanalytic Criticism, and the Problem of the Subject.” Yale French Studies 55/56 (1977): 338-395.

Klein, Melanie. “Early Sages of the Oedipus Conflict.” International Journal of Psycho Analysis 9 (1928): 167-180.

_____. “The Importance of Symbol-Formation in the Development of the Ego.” International Journal of Psycho Analysis 11 (1930): 24-39.

_____. “Infantile Anxiety-Situations Reflected in a Work of Art and in the Creative Impulse.” International Journal of Psycho Analysis 10 (1929): 436-443.

_____. The Psycho-Analysis of Children. London: Hogarth, 1932.

_____. “The Psychological Principles of Infant Analysis.” International Journal of Psycho Analysis 8 (1927): 25-37.

Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia UP, 1982.

_____. Revolution in Poetic Language. Trans. Margaret Waller. New York: Columbia UP, 1984.

Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Norton, 1977.

Lenard, Mary. Preaching Pity: Dickens, Gaskell, and Sentimentalism in Victorian Culture. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.

Marshall, David. The Surprising Effects of Sympathy: Marivaux, Diderot, Rousseau, and Mary Shelley. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1988.

McGann, Jerome. The Poetics of Sensibility: A Revolution in Literary Style. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.

Newlyn, Lucy. Reading, Writing and Romanticism: The Anxiety of Reception. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.

Noble, Marianne. The Masochistic Pleasures of Sentimental Literature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton, 2000.

Ramazani, Jahan. “Hardy and the Poetics of Melancholia: Poems of 1912-13 and Other Elegies for Emma” ELH 58.4 (1991): 957-977.

Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments [1759]. Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 2000.

Todd, Janet. Sensibility: An Introduction. London and New York: Methuen, 1986.

Voskuil, Lynn M. “Feeling Public: Sensation Theater, Commodity Culture, and the Victorian Public Sphere.” Victorian Studies 44.2 (2002): 245-74.

Walkowitz, Judith R. City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late-Victorian London. London: Virago, 1992.

Žižek, Slavoj. Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan through Popular Culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT P, 2000.

Industrialism and Social Class:

Booth, Charles. Life and Labour of the People in London. New York: AMS, 1970 [reprint of the 1902-04 edition].

Booth, William. In Darkest England, and the Way Out. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1890.

Braverman, Harry. Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974.

Cannadine, David. The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy. New York: Doubleday, 1990.

Cobbett, William. Rural Rides. London: J. M. Dent, 1912 [1825].

Engels, Frederick. The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844. Trans. Florence Kelley Wischnewtzky. London: Allen and Unwin, 1952 [first English translation: 1892].

Gagnier, Regenia. Subjectivities: A History of Self-Representation in Britain, 1832-1920. New York: Oxford UP, 1991.

Gallagher, Catherine. The Industrial Revolution of English Fiction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Gaskell, Elizabeth. North and South. Ed. Dorothy Collin. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971 [1854].

Gender and Class in Modern Europe. Edited Laura L. Frader and Sonya Rose. Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 1996.

Himmelfarb, Gertrude. The Idea of Poverty: England in the Early Industrial Age. New York: Knopf, 1984.

Keating, Peter J. The Working Classes in Victorian Fiction. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1971.

Mayhew, Henry. London Labour and the London Poor. New York: Dover 1968 [1861-1862].

Mearns, Andrew. The Bitter Cry of Outcast London. Edited with introd. by Anthony S. Wohl. New York, Humanities Press, 1970 [1885].

Perkin, Harold. The Rise of Professional Society: England Since 1880. London and New York: Routledge, 1989.

Stallybrass, Peter and Allon White. The Politics and Poetics of Transgression. London: Methuen, 1986.

Stedman Jones, Gareth. The Languages of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832-1982. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1983.

__________. Outcast London: A Study in the Relationship Between Classes in Victorian Society. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.

Thompson, E.P. The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Random House, 1966.

Thompson, F. M. L. The Rise of Respectable Society: A Social History of Victorian Britain, 1830-1900. London: HarperCollins, 1988.

Watt, Ian P. The Rise of the Novel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964.

Webb, Beatrice. The Diary of Beatrice Webb. Edited by Norman and Jeanne MacKenzie. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1982-1985.

Wohl, Anthony S. The Eternal Slum: Housing and Social Policy in Victorian London. London: E. Arnold, 1977.


Beer, Gillian. Darwin's Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot, and Nineteenth-Century Fiction. London: Routledge, 1983.

Burrow, J. W. Evolution and Society: A Study in Victorian Social Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1966.

Draenos, Stan. Freud's Odyssey: Psychoanalysis and the End of Metaphysics. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Levine, George. Darwin and the Novelists: Patterns of Science in Victorian Fiction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Lombroso, Cesare. The Man of Genius. Trans. Anonymous. London: W. Scott Pub. Co., 1910.

Ritvo, Harriet. The Animal Estate: The English and Other Creatures in the Victorian Age. Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Stocking, George W., Jr. Victorian Anthropology. New York: Macmillan, 1987.


Bivona, Daniel. Desire and Contradiction: Imperial Visions and Domestic Debates in Victorian Literature. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990.

__________. British Imperial Literature, 1870-1940: Writing and the Administration of Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.

Brantlinger, Patrick. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism, 1830-1914. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1988.

Bongie, Chris. Exotic Memories: Literature, Colonialism, and the Fin de Siècle. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991.

David, Deirdre. Rule Britannia: Women, Empire, and Victorian Writing. Ithaca and London: Cornell UP, 1995.

Hobson, J. A. Imperialism: A Study. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1938 [1902].

Hyam, Ronald. Empire and Sexuality: The British Experience. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1990.

Imperialism and Popular Culture. Ed. John M. Mackenzie. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1986.

Krebs, Paula M. Gender, Race, and the Writing of Empire: Public Discourse and the Boer War. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999.

McClintock, Anne. Imperial Leather. New York and London: Routledge, 1995.

Nation and Narration. Ed. Homi K. Bhabha. New York and London: Routledge, 1990.

Richards, Thomas. The Imperial Archive: Knowledge and the Fantasy of Empire. London and New York: Verso, 1993.

Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Vintage, 1979.

__________. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Knopf, 1993.

Sharpe, Jenny. Allegories of Empire: The Figure of Woman in the Colonial Text. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Tidrick, Kathryn. Empire and the English Character. London: I.B. Tauris and Co., 1992.


Altick, Richard D. Victorian People and Ideas. New York and London: Norton, 1973.

Anderson, Amanda. The Powers of Distance: Cosmopolitanism and the Cultivation of Detachment. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton UP, 2001

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso, 1991.

Harpham, Geoffrey Galt. The Ascetic Imperative in Culture and Criticism. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press,1987.

Hobsbawm, E. J. Industry and Empire: From 1750 to the Present Day. London: Penguin, 1999.

Poovey, Mary. A History of the Modern Fact: Problems of Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

__________. Making a Social Body: British Cultural Formation, 1830-1864. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Thompson, F. M. L. The Rise of Respectable Society: A Social History of Victorian Britain, 1830-1900. London: HarperCollins, 1988.

The Novel:

Brooks, Peter. Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative. Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP, 1992.

Kucich, John. Repression in Victorian Fiction: Charlotte Brontë, George Eliot, and Charles Dickens. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1987.

Litvak, Joseph. Caught in the Act: Theatricality in the Nineteenth-Century English Novel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

Miller, D. A. The Novel and the Police. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Sexuality Studies:

Dollimore, Jonathan. Sexual Dissidence: Augustine to Wilde, Freud to Foucault. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.

Dowling, Linda. Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1994.

Ellis, Havelock. The Psychology of Sex. London: W. Heinemann, Medical Books, 1942.

Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Random House, 1979.

__________. The History of Sexuality. Vols. 1-3. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Random House, 1980.

Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. Trans. James Strachey. New York: Liveright, 1950.

__________. Civilization and Its Discontents. Trans. James Strachey. New York: Norton, 1962 [1927].

__________. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. Trans. James Strachey. New York and London: London: Imago, 1949 [1907].

__________. Totem and Taboo. Trans. A. A. Brill. New York: Random House, 1946 [1914].

Kincaid, James. Child-Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture. New York and London: Routledge, 1992.

Malinowski, Bronislaw. Sex and Repression in Savage Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985 [1927].

Marcus, Steven. The Other Victorians; a Study of Sexuality and Pornograhy in Mid-Nineteenth-Century England. New York: Basic, 1966.

Mason, Michael. The Making of Victorian Sexual Attitudes. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, 1994.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

__________. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Sinfield, Alan. The Wilde Century: Effeminacy, Oscar Wilde, and the Queer Movement. London: Cassell, 1994.

Sussman, Herbert. Victorian Masculinities: Manhood and Masculine Poetics in Early Victorian Literature and Art. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Weeks, Jeffrey. Against Nature: Essays on History, Sexuality, and Identity. London: Rivers Oram, 1991.

__________. Sex, Politics, and Society: the Regulation of Sexuality Since 1800. London and New York: Longman, 1981.