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  Some Famous Works and Year of First Publication
 (Subverted Public Domain List)

 Dennis S. Karjala
 Professor of Law
 Arizona State University

   This list shows a few works of music, literature, and film that, as far as I can tell, were first published in the years shown.  The "Subverted Public Domain" begins with the year 1923.  Works published in that year would already be in the public domain but were saved by the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998. Any United States work published before 1964 lost its copyright in the 28th year after publication unless the copyright was formally renewed at the Copyright Office.   (Congress made renewal automatic for works published after 1963, so most of those works are, and for a very long time will be, under copyright.)  To check on the copyright status of works from the 1923-63 era, it is therefore necessary to determine whether the copyright was renewed.  See How to Determine Whether a Work is in the Public Domain, and links contained there, for more details.

1919 (entered public domain Jan. 1, 1995)

  Swanee by George Gershwin and Irving Caesar
  A Pretty Girl Is like a Melody by Irving Berlin
 Books and Poems
   Frances Hodgson BurnettThe Secret Garden (1918?)

1920-1921 (entered public domain Jan. 1, 1996 or 1997)

  AfterYou've Gone  by Henry Creamer and Turner Layton
  Till the Clouds Roll By by Jerome Kern and P.G. Wodehouse
  Over There by George M. Cohan
  Till We Meet Again by Richard Whiting and Raymond Egan
 Books and Poems
   F. Scott FitzgeraldThis Side of Paradise
   D.H. LawrenceWomen in Love 
   Edith WhartonThe Age of Innocence

1922 (entered public domain Jan. 1, 1998)

  Look for the Silver Lining by Jerome Kern and Bud DeSylva
  Avalon by Al Jolson, Bud DeSylva, and Vincent Rose
 Books and Poems
  T.S. EliotThe Waste Land 
   Marcel ProustSwann's Way (first English translation)
  James JoyceUlysses 
  Blood and Sand with Rudolph Valentino

1923 (should have been public domain Jan. 1, 1999)

 Books and Poems
  Willa Sibert CatherA Lost Lady, Nebraska, and The End Of The First Cycle
  Joseph ConradChristmas Day at Sea and Outside Literature
  Arthur Conan Doyle: The Adventure Of The Creeping Man and The Adventure Of The Sussex Vampire 
  F. Scott FitzgeraldHot and Cold Blood and Invasion of the Sanctuary
  James Frazer: The Golden Bough
  Zane GreyCode of the West, Steelhead, Tappan's Burro,The Vanishing American, and Down into the Desert
  Ben HechtFingers at the Window
  Rudyard KiplingIndependence and London Stone
  Ring Lardner:   Blue Beard, Why Authors?, Cinderella, The Dames, What I Ought To Of Learnt In High School, and Bringing Up Children
  Amy LowellCut Shadow, Fact, Green Shadows, Rosebud Wall Paper, and Dissonance
  W. Somerset MaughamBewitched, German Harry, Mayhew, and The Force of Circumstances 
  Edna St Vincent MillayThe Harp-Weaver, And Other Poems, Memory of Cape Code, To the Liberty Bell, and The Concert 
  Wallace StevensHarmonium 
  Booth TarkingtonThe Coincidence, The Power of the Press, and The Midlander 
  P.G. Wodehouse: Jeeves, First Aid for Dora Heart of a Goof, Leave It to Psmith, Magic Plus Fours, No Wedding Bells for Him,The Return Of Battling Billson, Rollo Podmarsh Comes To, Ukridge Rounds A Nasty Corner, and Chester Forgets Himself 
  Virginia WoolfJacob's Room
  William Butler YeatsMeditations In Time Of Civil War
  Noel CowardThe Young Idea 
  Luigi Pirandello (trans Arthur Livingston):  Each In His Own Way, And Two Other Plays
  Safety Last by Harold Lloyd
  Little Church Around the Corner


You're The Cream In My Coffee, words and music by B.G. De Sylva, Lew Brown and Ray Henderson
Who's Sorry Now?, words and music by Bert Kalmar, Ted Snyder, And Harry Ruby
I Cried For You (Now It's Your Turn To Cry Over Me), by Arthur Freed, Gus Arnheim and Abe Lyman
Chansonette, music by Rudolf Friml, lyrics by Irving Caesar, Dailey Paskman, and Sigmund Spaeth
Yes! We Have No Bananas, by Frank Silver and Irving Cohn

1924 (should have been public domain Jan. 1, 2000)

  Sherlock, Jr.
When My Sugar Walks Down The Street (All The Little Birdies Go Tweet Tweet Tweet), words and music by Gene Austin, Jimmy McHugh and Irving Mills
It Had To Be You, lyric by Gus Kahn, music by Isham Jones
Fascinating Rhythm; The Man I Love, by George & Ira Gershwin
Sleepy Time Gal, lyric by Jos. R. Alden and Raymond B. Egan
Everybody Loves My Baby
, words and music by Jack Palmer and Spencer Willson
All Alone; They Call It Dancing; Lazy; What'll I Do?, words and music by Irving Berlin
I'll See You In My Dreams, lyrics by Gus Kahn, music by Isham Jones
Moonlight And Roses, by Edwin H. Lemare, Ben Black and Neil Moret
Memory Lane, lyrics by B.G. De Sylva, music by Larry Spier and Con Conrad
When Day Is Done, lyrics by B.G. De Sylva, music by Dr. Robert Katscher
Rose Marie; Indian Love Call; Totem Tom Tom, from the musical play and film Rose Marie, music by Rudolph Friml and Herbert Stothart, book and lyrics by Otto Harbach and Oscar Hammerstein 2nd
Golden Days; Just We Too; Deep In My Heart, Dear (Sorry, Dad), from The Student Prince, by Sigmund Romberg

1925 (should have been public domain Jan. 1, 2001)

  Felix the Cat (the character goes into the PD together with the first film in which he appears)
I'm Tired of Everything But You, words and music by Isham Jones
Manhattan, lyrics by Lorenz Hart, music by Richard Rodgers
Angry, lyrics and arrangement by Dudley Mecum, Henry and Merritt Brunies, and Jules Cassard
Remember; Always; Florida By The Sea; Paddlin' Madelin' Home, words and music by Irving Berlin
Dinah, words by Sam M. Lewis & Joe Young, music by Harry Akst
Side By Side, words and music by Harry Woods
Cecilia (Does Your Mother Know You're Out?), words by Herman Ruby, music by Dave Dreyer
Jalousie, music by Jacob Gade, words by Vera Bloom
Five Foot Two, Eyes Of Blue, lyrics by Sam M. Lewis and Joe Young, music by Ray Henderson
Valencia (A Song Of Spain), words by Lucien Boyer and Jacques-Charles, music by Jose Padilla, American version by Clifford Grey

1926 (should have been public domain Jan. 1, 2002)

  Irving BerlinBlue Skies
  Rodgers & Hart:   The Blue Room, from The Girl Friend 
  Sigmund RombergThe Desert Song and The Student Prince 
  Harry WoodsWhen the Red, Red Robin Comes Bob, Bob Bobbin' Along

1927 (should have been public domain Jan. 1, 2003)

  Oscar Hammerstein II and Jerome KernOl' Man River and Showboat

1928 (should have been public domain Jan. 1, 2004)

  Mickey Mouse