Old and Middle English through manuscripts

Summer 2016, Naxos, Greece

Elly van Gelderen


Caedmon's Hymn

Caedmon's Hymn, Moore Ms




Extra exercises: Aelfric and Clemoes' edition, and ...

The British Museum has a turn-the-pages version of the Lindisfarne Gospels as well as other works; The Exeter Cathedral has a copy of the Exeter Book which you can visit in person but which they no longer have on the internet. Bodleian images are here and from Cambridge here.

The University of Duisburg-Essen site has a very informative page on OE writings and wonderful images of manuscripts.

Brown 1991 is available here; and excerpts from Clemens & Graham here.


Bosworth & Toller

Clark Hall

The University of Calgary provides a thorough 15-lesson Old English course for online learners.

The University of Virginia hosts the interestingly titled "Old English Aerobics", consisting of many useful grammar exercises for the student of Old English.It has a link to the `magic sheet', a one-page guide to inflections.

Something more on noun-declensions. Conjugate your verbs here.


Some additional links






Worksheets for classes: one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, and nine.