Elly van Gelderen Back to Home Page

New in 2018


Projects on PoP, Labelling, and Language Change: Cyclical change and PoP, Copulas, `How', Generative Coda, and features

and on the Diachrony of Argument Structure: Psych-verbs and Causatives

and new work on the Linguistic Cycle: Introduction and link and Cycles in conflict


Clause Structure 2013


Revised 2014 History of English

History of English textbook picture

Revised 2010 Grammar


The Linguistic Cycle: Language Change and the Language Faculty 2011

Chapter 1; Chapter 2 and Chapter 3

Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7

Chapter 8, Chapter 9, Chapters 10-11

Feature Economy in the Linguistic Cycle, in an OUP volume edited by Paola Crisma and Pino Longobardi.

The Negative Cycle, May 2008 version, appears in Linguistic Typology 12.2 (2008): 195-243

The CP Cycle, appears in Transactions of the Philological Society 107.2 (2009): 131-195.

The DP Cycle in Germanic, December 2007, appears in Journal of Germanic Linguistics 19.4. (2007): 275-305.

Where did Late merge go? March 2008 version, appears in Studia Linguistica (2008): 287-300.

Negation in Athabaskan, October 2007, appears in Working Papers in Athabaskan Languages 7 (2008): 49-64.



picture of Linguistic Cycle book



Other Books 

Grammaticalization as Economy. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. (Linguistik Aktuell 71). 2004.

A History of English Reflexive Pronouns. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. (Linguistik Aktuell 39). 2000: xiv and 277 pp. [ISBN 9027227608 (EUR) 1556199880 (US)] Download the introduction: html or pdf

Verbal Agreement and the Grammar behind its `Breakdown': Minimalist Feature Checking. Tübingen: Niemeyer. (Linguistische Arbeiten Series #364). 1997: xiv and 222 pp. [ISBN 3484303646 ISSN 03446727] Download the Introduction.

The Rise of Functional Categories. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. (Linguistik Aktuell 9). 1993: x and 224 pp. [ISBN 9027227292 (EUR) 1556192274 (US)] Download the Introduction.


Edited volumes

History of the English Language, four edited volumes in the Critical Concepts in Linguistics’ series of Routledge. London and New York: Routledge. 2014: xxiii, 388, 367, 429, and 446 pages.
Argument Structure in Flux: The Naples Capri Papers, a volume co-edited with Michela Cennamo and Jóhanna Barðdal. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 2013: viii and 578 pages.
Argument Realization and Change, a special issue of the journal Transactions of the Philological Society 110.3 (2012), co-edited with Michela Cennamo and Jóhanna Barðdal.

Other articles/chapters


The particle how, in Bayer et al. 2015.

Formal Syntax and Language Change. In The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics, edited by Claire Bowern and Beth Evans. 2015: 326-342. Routledge.

Semantic and formal features: Feature economy in language change, 2014. In Language Change at the Syntax-Semantics Interface, edited by Chiara Gianollo, Agnes Jäger and Doris Penka, 33-56. Berlin: de Gruyter.

Null Subjects in Old English, Linguistic Inquiry 44.2 (2013): 271-285.

The Linguistic Cycle and the Language Faculty. Language and Linguistics Compass, 7 (2013): 233–250.

The Diachrony of Pronouns and Demonstratives, In Search of Universal Grammar: From Old Norse to Zoque, edited by Terje Lohndal. 2013: 195-218. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Are there Null Arguments in Athabascan? co-authored with Mary Willie, Acta Linguistica Hafniensia 45.1 (2012): 1-19.

Pro-drop and pronominal subjects, paper for a conference in Regensburg.

Valency changes in the history of English, Journal of Historical Linguistics 1.1 (2011): 106-143.

Language Change as Cyclical, Studies in Modern English 27 (2011): 1-23.

Reflexive cartography (2010), In Jan-Wouter Zwart and Mark de Vries (eds) Structure Preserved, 141-148. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Features in Reanalysis and Grammaticalization. In Elizabeth Traugott & Graeme Trousdale (eds), Gradience, Gradualness, and Grammaticalization, (2009): 129-147. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

“Language Change and Survive: Feature economy in the numeration”. In Michael Putnam (ed.), Towards a derivational syntax: Survive-Minimalism (2009): 257-266. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Grammaticalization from a Biolinguistic Perspective”. In Rudie Botha and Chris Knight (eds), The Prehistory of Language, Volume I (2009): 225-243. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Linguistic Cycles and Economy Principle: The role of Universal Grammar in Language Change In Thorhallur Eythorsson (ed), The Rosendal Papers (2008). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

The position of adjectives and double definiteness, co-authored with Terje Lohndal, Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 2008, 82: 1-22.

Interface Conditions and Code Switching: Pronouns, lexical DPs, and Checking Theory, co-authored with Jeff MacSwan, Lingua 118.6, June 2008: 765-776.

2007 and before

The Peterborough Chronicle and Accelerated Grammaticalization. In Alex Bergs and Janne Skaffari (eds), The Language of the Peterborough Chronicle. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. 2007: 93-110.

Economy of Merge and Grammaticalization: Two steps in the Evolution of Language.

Economy against Prescriptivism: internal and external factors of language change: LASSO presidential address, in SWJL.

Economy, Innovation, and Prescriptivism: from Spec to Head and Head to Head:The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 7.1. 2004: 59-98.

Principles and Parameters in Change. In: Leonie Cornips and Karen Corrigan (eds), Syntax and Variation: Reconciling the Biological and Social. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2005: 179-198. ( page proofs as a pdf-file).

"The CP and Split CP cross-linguistically", WORD 55.3 (2004, appeared in 2005): 369-403. (needs to be downloaded in word first).

"Aspect, Infinitival Complements, and Evidentials", in The Composition of meaning: from lexeme to discourse, Alice ter Meulen et al. (eds). Amsterdam: John Benjamins (2004): 39-68.

"Grammaticalization as Economy: Late Merge as the Cause of Linguistic Change", to appear in WECOL 2003 Proceedings.

"ASP(ect) in English Modal Complements", in Studia Linguistica 57.1 2003: 27-44.

"The Force of ForceP", in Southwest Journal of Linguistics 20.2. 2001: 107-120.

"Modal Particles in Germanic", in Folia Linguistica Historica 22.1-2 (2001): 310-33.

"Towards personal subjects in English: Variation in feature interpretability". Grammatical Relations, Jan Terje Faarlund (ed.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins (2001): 137-157.

"The absence of Verb-movement and the role of C: Some negative constructions in Shakespeare", Studia Linguistica 54.3 (2000) 412-23.

"Bound Pronouns and Non-Local Anaphors", in Reflexives, edited by Z. Frazyngier & T. Curl. Amsterdam: Benjamins. (1999): 187-225.

"The Role of Person in the Loss of Verbal Agreement and of Pro-drop", in Pathways of Change: Grammaticalization Processes in older English, Olga Fischer & Dieter Stein (eds.). Berlin: Mouton-de Gruyter. (to appear 2000): 187-206.

"Binding Theory and Minimalist Features", in the WCCFL 18 Proceedings (1999): 558-569. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

"Structures of Tense and Aspect", Linguistic Analysis 27.3-4 (1997): 138-165, appeared in 1999.

"For to in the History of English", in the American Journal of Germanic Language and Literature 10.1 (1998): 45-72.

"Inflection and movement in Old English", in German: Syntactic Problems - Problematic Syntax, W. Abraham and E. van Gelderen (eds). Tübingen: Niemeyer. (1997): 71-82.

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