Chào mừng quí vị đến với chương trình tiếng Việt!
Vietnamese language is considered
part of the Austroasiatic language family. It is the official language of Vietnam, spoken by approximately ninety million
Vietnamese people in Vietnam
and about three million expatriate Vietnamese in
Europe, North America, Australia,
Japan, Thailand, and other parts of the
world. There are three main
dialects: Hà Nội (Northern Vietnamese), Huế (Central Vietnamese), and Sài Gòn
(Southern Vietnamese) which correspond to the three main regions of Vietnam. The Hà
Nội dialect is the widely accepted and mostly used in mass media in Vietnam. The three
dialects differ in terms of pronunciation and to a certain extent in
vocabulary. Speakers of different
dialects can understand one another.
About Vietnamese Language
is a tonal language and has six tones:
mid-level, low-falling, high-rising, low-falling rising, high- rising
broken, and low-falling broken. The
changes of the tones or of the pitch level cause the
change in the meaning of a word. The tones are denoted by
diacritic marks placed above or under a word.
The current writing system of Vietnamese language
developed by Catholic missionaries in the mid-seventeenth century was
influenced by Portuguese, Italian, Spanish, and French. This Roman writing
system, called chữ Quốc ngữ, was not
officially used until the beginning of twentieth century.
Sentence structures in Vietnamese language have the same
"subject-verb-object word order as in English. Since there is no
inflection and words are invariable in Vietnamese, the language depends
on strictly word order to convey meaning.
Example: Tôi học ở Arizona State Univeristy. I study at Arizona State University.