Suggested Horns, Mouthpieces, and Mutes
My favorites within in the price range of students and amateurs
The plain fact is that there are things that a change of horn and mouthpiece will instantly impact for the better.
A Better Horn?
Every horn player is (or at least should be) interested in finding better equipment. But what equipment is better? Any answer to this question is colored because every horn teacher is biased by both their individual sense of "what works" both professionally for them right now and for their current students. Plus, their playing is probably somewhat hardwired around a type or style of horn or mouthpiece.
teacher I am very comfortable teaching students who have different tonal ideals
and would not insist that a student use any particular brand or model of horn; I
just want to feel that it is, in fact, a good instrument, no matter what their
tonal ideal is.
Different types of horns will be preferred in different places and it is to your advantage to aspire to fit into the musical situation that you have the closest affinity for. While there has been a strong trend toward Geyer style horns in recent years, I still would suggest if at all possible speaking to several horn players and teachers in your area. What you want to obtain is a horn that is of the quality level that a professional would consider playing it, and you also want a horn that should retain some resale value in your area.
For a very young beginner I would absolutely consider the use of a single B-flat horn rather than the traditional single F horn, the B-flat horn fingerings being the same as those used on the B-flat side of a double horn (reading the music in F!). More on this topic may be found here. Another alternate to consider is the 3/4 size double horn, which I describe here.
A bigger issue is that while we have some of the best horns ever made on the market now, we also have some of the worst horns ever made ... be very wary of the very cheap horn! There are reasons why they are so cheap!
Intermediate to More Advanced Horns
As to a more professional level of horn, one way I often answer the question of what horn do I recommend is this--if I had to buy a new double horn right now, what would I purchase? I am not really sure, honestly, but the reason why is good--there really are quite a few good custom double horns out there on the market. When you get over into the price range of professional quality instruments (roughly over $7,000) I have tried a lot of instruments I have liked. For most players the choice ends up being some combination of what horns they have heard good things about and what horns they can actually get their hands on to try.
I made my first two solo CDs on the big Paxman 25A at the top of this page. The 25A is a larger bore horn generally similar to a big Kruspe type horn but with some of the responsiveness I associate with a Geyer style horn. It was purchased because it was a quality horn available at a time when I needed to replace my (very tired) old 8D.
I used that horn for years but, keeping my eyes open and seeing the trends, I became interested in owning something a bit smaller with a more focused sound--a custom Geyer type horn (see this article for more on the topic of Kruspe or Geyer). I actually won my job in Nashville playing a Yamaha 667 (a Geyer style horn), but during my time there switched back to a pre-letter Conn 8D (Kruspe style), a horn I had played as an advanced student, with a Lawson flare (and several different upgrade leadpipes) to better match the (then) mostly Lawson section of the Nashville Symphony (now all playing Geyer style horns...).
Which brings me to today. While I use both types regulary, my main horn as of now is a Patterson Geyer model R horn. It practically plays itself!
But let's say you don't have $10,000+ laying around to buy a high end custom horn. I have had two very specific, less expensive suggestions for students and for amateurs looking for new horns.They are the
The Hoyer 6800 series horn is a larger bell (Kruspe) horn in nickel silver or brass (my students seem to mostly purchase the nickel silver version) and the Yamaha 671 is a smaller bell (Geyer) brass horn (in 2016 it replaced a similar model, the YHR 667). What I like about these specific models is even as built they are both capable of producing a good "professional" sound and can both be upgraded if desired.
But there are other valid options and the market (especially at a professional level) has really moved away from nickel silver horns. To be a bit more specific, I have also seen students of mine purchase Pope-Balu (Briz) and Finke horns at close to the price range of the Hoyer and Yamaha horns just mentioned, and then when you go a bit higher, there are so many good options.
All of the suggestions above are very much aimed at our performing market in the United States. If you are overseas you will need to consider carefully what horn models are popular where you are and adjust your setup accordingly. Above all you want to fit in with your local performing situation if you aspire to work professionally, no matter where you are.
I also regularly play on several other horns including a triple horn and a descant. These horns both definately have a place for the professional or aspiring professional hornist, especially a high horn player who is established in a job, and frankly most of them on the market today are very nice horns. A triple or descant is not typically owned by students, however, as they are not as suited to general playing by the average hornist as would be a standard double horn.
On mouthpieces, I would first suggest in general that hornists don't use the mouthpiece that "came with the horn." For two reasons. First, a change of mouthpiece can make an incredible difference. Second, modern horn mouthpiece designs made on a CNC lathe are much better overall than cheaper mouthpieces made in the standard manner.
Horn beginner mouthpieces are not nearly as standardized as what you see in other brass instruments, there is no horn equivilent of the "7C" that is so standard as a beginner trumpet mouthpiece. For the beginner I have most recently been suggesting the Yamaha 30C4. It is a small and very easy to play mouthpiece and Yamaha has good quality control. The Schilke 30 is also a good choice for the same reasons. Please avoid use of a very generic mouthpiece -- get a good one, it is worth every penny.
Also, this may sound severe, but if you are a serious player using a mouthpiece of the types common in the previous century, it is time to change. It is past time! This is a golden age today, with some of the best horn mouthpieces ever produced available. The old lines, there were quality control problems for sure, and in the big picture some of the old standards used were in fact poor choices.
This past couple years my students and I have made much use of Houser mouthpieces and also the Houghton line of mouthpieces, made for them by Houser. The whole line is good, the San Francisco cup is a great mouthpiece, but if I had to pick just one model to recommend to the world, it would be the
Worth mentioning as well, some players should consider using a wider than standard inner diameter mouthpiece. Houser has a variety of size options available in their line of rims. A larger inner diameter can really open things up for some players; the old standard mouthpieces popular 35 years ago (for example Giardinelli) are really more intended for people with fairly thin lips.
I should note that my first two Summit solo CDs were recorded playing on, believe it or not, an old Conn 5BN mouthpiece (a model long out of production). Osmun makes a copy of that very mouthpiece, and I for some years used their copy of it. But now I look back and wonder how I actually used that mouthpiece! Currently I use as my primary mouthpiece a Houghton H-1 in brass with a Osmun 5BN replica rim in Delrin plastic (due to metal allergies; none of my students ever seem to like my rim...).
I should also mention that I don't use the same mouthpiece on every horn. I currently normally use a Houghton H-3 on natural horn, it takes a bit of edge off the articulations, and then for my big horn, the Paxman 25A seen at the top of this article, I use a Houser San Francisco cup in brass.
Braces are a special problem. For a student with braces you might try to locate this vintage mouthpiece:
This model has an unusually wide, reverse peak rim design which spreads the pressure well. I found this mouthpiece to be useful during a period when I had a lip injury, and some teachers also find this mouthpiece useful in working on embouchure changes. Unfortunately, this mouthpiece has been out of production for many years but Osmun (and probably others) can supply you with a copy of the rim to fit a screw rim cup. The extra comfort is worth the expense to explore as an option compared to other options with braces. I discuss the topic of Neill Sanders mouthpieces further in this article.
Finally, do be sure that any mouthpiece you use is properly sized
for your horn leadpipe inlet. There is a distance that a mouthpiece should fit
into the receiver; if it goes in too little or too far things will not work as
well as they should, but fit correctly everything comes into focus.
How to Try a Horn or Mouthpiece, in Brief
The main thing I would note is you can tell a lot very quickly by focusing on two specific types of passages in your initial testing.
Feel how the notes speak and have others listen to give you feedback. Try to get in a good hall if possible, or at least the best room you can, and try things back to back. You can tell quite a bit with recording yourself, but feedback from a fine horn player will help even more, they will hear the differences. Also, you will be able to tell pretty quickly which option is the easier to play on option, and usually that option will in fact be the best option. Finally, if a horn has no high Bb, walk away! See this article in Horn Matters for more information on trying a horn.
And then we have Mutes
There are a lot of mutes on the market, each with a unique shade of tonal color and slightly different playing qualities. If you can, try the mute before you buy it--especially try the low range, which on some mutes is quite poor. In general many professional players in the USA prefer "Rittich" style mutes, the ones that look like a tall cone. I would by choice recommend a tunable version of this type of mute. While it may make sense to purchase a cheap mute for a school program, for personal use always look for something up the ladder in terms of quality. As to stop mutes, try several if possible and pick the one with the best projection, as this does vary considerably.
As to a couple specific suggestions, in my opinion one of the best mute values out there is the tunable "Rittich" style mute made by Stonelined (Humes and Berg). Working our way up in price, I also like the TrumCor #45, a Rittich style mute, and really there are many good mutes are out there (Balu, etc.). Avoid mutes made of aluminum or plastic! For a stop mute Tom Crown is an old standard, but the TrumCor and Alexander stop mutes are excellent, and there are other new options on the market.
Copyright John Ericson. All rights reserved. UPDATED October 2018