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Office 98:Templates:Web Pages:Blank Web Page"> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026"/> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body bgcolor=white lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'> <div class=WordSection1> <h1><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Regent's Professor J.C.H. <span class=GramE>Spence <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>FRS</span> (For. Mem)<o:p></o:p></span></h1> <div class=MsoNormal align=center style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt; text-align:center'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> <hr size=2 width="100%" align=center> </span></div> <p><span style='font-size:12.0pt'>This is the web page of Professor&nbsp;J.C.H. Spence in the Physics Department at Arizona State University, USA. John is Director of Science for the NSF <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>BioXFEL</span></span><span class=GramE><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Science</span> and Technology Center on the application of X-Ray Free-electron lasers to structural biology, which commenced in 2013.<br> He currently teaches condensed matter physics to graduate students at ASU, based loosely on the texts by <span class=SpellE>Ketterson</span> and by Cohen and Louie.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p>Research is conducted in our ASU lab, and at the <span class=GramE>LCLS<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>X</span>-ray laser at SLAC (near Stanford) on atomic structure and processes in organic and inorganic matter. It is funded by NSF and NIH. This web page last updated 5/17.</p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'>His faculty web page can be found at <span style='font-size:8.5pt;font-family:Helvetica; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><a href="https://physics.asu.edu/content/john-spence">https://physics.asu.edu/content/john-spence</a></span><span style='font-size:9.0pt;font-family:Helvetica;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><br> Our research group web page is / <span style='font-size:8.5pt;font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><a href="https://spence.lab.asu.edu/">https://spence.lab.asu.edu</a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:8.5pt;font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-size:8.5pt;font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'>The <span class=SpellE>BioXFEL</span><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>7 - campus consortium (<span class=GramE>NSF<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>STC</span> program) web page is at<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span></span><span style='font-size:8.5pt;font-family:Helvetica;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black'><a href="http://www.bioxfel.org/">http://www.bioxfel.org</a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><br> Our address is as follows: <span style='font-size:8.5pt;font-family:Helvetica; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; color:black'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <ol start=1 type=1> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l2 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in'><span lang=DE style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:DE'>J. Spence, </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'><a href="http://www.asu.edu/clas/dopa/dopa.html"><span class=SpellE><span lang=DE style='mso-ansi-language:DE'>Physics</span></span></a></span><span lang=DE style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:DE'>, </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="http://www.asu.edu/"><span lang=DE style='mso-ansi-language:DE'>ASU</span></a></span><span lang=DE style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:DE'>, Tempe, AZ. 85287-1504, USA. <span class=SpellE>e-mail</span> </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="mailto:spence@asu.edu"><span lang=DE style='mso-ansi-language:DE'>spence@asu.edu</span></a></span><span lang=DE style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:DE'><br> </span><span lang=DE style='mso-ansi-language:DE'>Tel. </span>USA 602-965 6486., Fax USA 602-965 7954<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ol> <p>John C. H.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Spence completed a PhD in Physics at Melbourne University in <span class=GramE>1972,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>followed</span> by a postdoc at Oxford UK in Materials Science. He received the&nbsp;Distinguished <span class=GramE>Scientist &nbsp;award</span> of the Microscopy Society of America&nbsp; for 2006,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>the <span class=SpellE>Buerger</span> Award of the American Crystallographic Society in 2012, the J.M. Cowley Medal of the International Federation of Societies of Electron <span class=SpellE>Micrsocopy</span> for 2014, the Burton Medal of MSA and a <span class=SpellE>Humbolt</span> Senior Scientist award. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society (Foreign Member), of the American Association for the Advancement of <span class=GramE>Science,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>the</span> American Physical Society, the Microscopy Society of American, of the Institute of Physics (UK), and of Churchill College Cambridge, UK. He was Co-Editor of <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span> (A) for North America (Diffraction Physics, 1990-2000) and is Main Editor of <span class=GramE>IUCRJ<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(</span>XFEL Science). He has served on Scientific Advisory Committees at LBNL and is a member of the <span class=GramE>DOE&nbsp; BESAC</span> Committee,. He was chair of the International Union of Crystallography Commission on Electron Diffraction, a member of the <span class=SpellE>IUCr</span> commission on Charge, Spin and Momentum densities. A Festschrift volume of <span class=SpellE>Ultramic</span> appeared in July 2011. The X-ray laser structural biology work with our collaborators was ranked among the top ten scientific breakthroughs of 2012 by Science magazine.</p> <p>Some recent papers</p> <p>0. &quot;XFELS for structure and dynamics <span class=GramE>in <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>biology</span>&quot;. <span class=SpellE>IUCrJ</span> <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>4.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(2017).</p> <p>1. &quot;X-ray lasers for structural and dynamic biology&quot;. Rep <span class=SpellE>Prog</span> Phys (2012). J. Spence, U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span> and H. Chapman. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>75</b>, 102601</p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;Femtosecond protein <span class=SpellE>nanodiffraction</span> using an X-ray laser<span class=GramE>&quot;<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>H.</span> Chapman, P. <span class=SpellE>Fromme</span>........<span class=SpellE>J.C.H.Spence</span>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Nature <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>470</b>, 73-77. (2011)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p>3. On <span class=SpellE>Jia</span> et al seeing Oxygen in Superconductors. Science 03. <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/JCHS_Science_03.pdf">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jspence/JCHS_Science_03.pdf</a></p> <p>4. On <span class=SpellE>Kiesel</span> et al - the electron <span class=SpellE>antibunching</span> effect observed. Nature 02 <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/N&amp;V_Antibunch_JCHS_02.pdf">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jspence/N&amp;V_Antibunch_JCHS_02.pdf</a></p> <p>5. On X-ray holograms of atoms...Nature <span class=GramE>01 .</span> <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/JCHS_Science_03.pdf">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jspence/N&amp;V_SpenceNature'01.pdf</a></p> <p>6. Electron-excited fluorescence makes hologram of atomic structure. J. Spence et al. PRL 01 <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/PRLSpenceKoch01.pdf">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jspence/PRLSpenceKoch01.pdf</a></p> <p>7. &quot;Imaging&quot; of the chemical bonding in copper oxide. <span lang=DE style='mso-ansi-language:DE'>J. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span> et al. Nature 98. </span><a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/NatureBonding.pdf">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jspence/NatureBonding.pdf</a></p> <p>8. &quot;Direct observation of dislocation kinks and their motion&quot;. H. Kolar et al. PRL 96. <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/KolarPRLKinks.pdf">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jspence/KolarPRLKinks.pdf</a></p> <p>9. &quot;<span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Single Molecule Diffraction&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> and <span class=SpellE>B.Doak</span>. Physical Review Letters. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>92</b>, 198102 (2004)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>10. &quot;Motion of laser-aligned hydrated proteins in a beam<span class=GramE>&quot;<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>D.</span> <span class=SpellE>Starodub</span> et al.&nbsp;J. <span class=SpellE>Chem</span> Phys 123 &nbsp;244304 (2005) <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>11. &quot;Femtosecond Protein <span class=SpellE>Nanocrystallography</span> - data analysis methods&quot;.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>R. <span class=SpellE>Kirian</span> et <span class=GramE>al<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Optics</span> Express <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>18</b>, 5713 (2010).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>12. &quot;Femtosecond dynamics of the cis-trans reaction in Photoactive Yellow Protein&quot;. <span class=SpellE>Pande</span> et al Science 352, 725. <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>(2016).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>13. &quot;Outrunning damage: Electrons vs X-rays. Timescales and mechanisms&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. Structural Dynamics. (2017). In press.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p><span class=SpellE><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Powerpoints</span></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'> <span class=GramE>from <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>workshop</span> on <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>&quot;Biology with X-ray lasers&quot;</b> at LBNL can be found at<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><a href="https://sites.google.com/a/lbl.gov/biology-with-fels/">https://sites.google.com/a/lbl.gov/biology-with-fels/</a><br> Conference at Royal Society , London , Oct 14, 2013 on use of X-ray Lasers in Biology - http://royalsociety.org/events/2013/x-ray-lasers/<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b>Students </b>in this group have worked toward Physics, Materials Science or Biophysics MSc and PhD. degrees under the supervision of Prof. Spence, in the following areas:</p> <ul type=disc> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>CBED (Electron <span class=SpellE>microdiffraction</span>) <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>ALCHEMI - electron <span class=SpellE>channelling</span> effects on characteristic <span class=SpellE>Xray</span> production for atomic site identification. For &quot;<span class=SpellE>Alchemi</span> as Holography&quot; see PRL, 86, p. 5510 (2001) <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Interfaces in materials <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Coherent <span class=SpellE>Bremstrahlung</span>. <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Energy loss spectroscopy. <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Defects in semiconductors and ceramics. <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Dislocation core structure, kink dynamics and fracture. Ab-initio molecular dynamics. <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Atomic mechanisms in phase transitions in solids. <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>Surface Science.<o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>X-ray imaging (at the ALS in Berkeley and LCLS at Stanford). <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Imaging of molecules at sub-nanometer resolution. <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-list:l1 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"'>Biophysics. Imaging protein dynamics. <span class=GramE>Spraying<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>hydrated</span> membrane protein nanocrystals (and viruses) across the LCLS hard X-ray laser at SLAC near Stanford.<o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p>New electron optical instruments are also under development such as our Scanning Atom Probe, the Point Reflection Electron Microscope, the laser aligned, hydrated protein beam, hydrated sample injectors for the LCLS X-ray <span class=GramE>laser<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(</span>in collaboration with B. <span class=SpellE>Doak</span>,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span>,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>P. <span class=SpellE>Fromme</span>, H. Chapman and others), diffraction physics related to XFELs,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and <span class=SpellE>Microdiffraction</span> RHEED. </p> <p>Summaries of some of our work can be found in the books <i>&quot;High Resolution Electron <span class=SpellE>Micrsocopy</span>&quot;</i> (J.C.H. Spence, Oxford Univ. Press, 2013, 4th edition) and <i>&quot;Electron <span class=SpellE>Microdiffraction</span>&quot;</i> (J. Spence and J. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>, Plenum, 1992) and &quot;Advanced Transmission Electron Microscopy&quot; by J. M. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span> and <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> (Springer, 2017). &nbsp;The book &quot;Science of Microscopy&quot; (2 <span class=SpellE>Vols</span>, <span class=SpellE>Eds</span> P. Hawkes and <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>) , Springer, 2007,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>2017 new edition, &nbsp;reviews all forms of modern microscopy. </p> <p>Students or <span class=SpellE>postdoctorals</span> interested in <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/visiting.html">visiting</a> should contact us through Internet. <br> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Some recent papers (<span class=GramE>updated<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Jan</span> 2014.)</b></p> <p><b>Condensed Matter, Ab-initio Quantum <span class=SpellE>Molec</span> Dynamics for cracks, dislocations, kinks.<br> <i>We predict the mechanical properties (fracture toughness, ductility) of perfect crystals using atomistic quantum mechanical calculations. <br> </i></b>25. &quot;Electronic structure of the unreconstructed 30 partial dislocation in silicon&quot;, J. Northrup, M.L. Cohen, J. <span class=SpellE>Chelikowsky</span>, J. Spence and A. Olsen, Phys. Rev. B24, 4623-4628 (1981).<br> <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>201 &quot;<span class=SpellE>Atomistics</span> and mechanical properties of silicon&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.<span class=GramE>C.Spence</span></span>. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> Mat et Met. (1999). 47, p. 4153.</span><br> 81. &quot;A Kink Mechanism for Formation of the Si(<span class=GramE>111)-(</span>2x1) Reconstructed Surface&quot;, J. Spence. Phys. Rev. B38, p. 12672-12674 (1988) <br> 105. &quot;The influence of internal surfaces on the (2x1) shuffle and glide cleavage reconstructions<span class=GramE>&quot;&nbsp; <span class=SpellE>Y</span></span><span class=SpellE>.M.Huang</span>, <span class=SpellE>J.C.H.Spence</span>, O. Sankey, and G. Adams. Surface <span class=GramE>Science&nbsp; (</span>1991) 256, p.344.<br> 146. &quot;Dislocation kink motion in silicon&quot;. Y. M. Huang, <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> and O. Sankey. Phys. Rev. Letts. 74, p. 3392 (1995<span class=GramE>) .</span> <br> 120.&nbsp; &quot;Lattice trapping and surface reconstruction for silicon cleavage on (111). Ab- initio quantum molecular dynamics calculations&quot;. J. Spence, Y. Huang and <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>O.Sankey</span></span>. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> Met. 41, p. 2815 (1993). <br> 46. &quot;High energy transmission electron diffraction and imaging studies of the silicon surface&quot;, <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>, <span class=SpellE>Ultramic</span>., 11, 117 (1983).<br> 139&nbsp; &quot;The effect of impurities on the ideal tensile strength of silicon&quot; Y. Huang, J. Spence and O. F Sankey, Phil Mag. 1994. 70, p.53. <br> <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>120. &quot;Lattice trapping, reconstruction for silicon cleavage on (111<span class=GramE>).Ab</span>- initio quantum molecular dynamics calculations&quot;. J. Spence, Y. <span class=GramE>Huang<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&amp;</span> <span class=SpellE>O.Sankey</span>. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> Met. 41, 2815 (1993)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Biophysics _Protein structure and dynamics by femtosecond X-ray diffraction from a <span class=GramE>liquid &nbsp;jet</span> of hydrated molecules (at the LCLS XFEL).<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Jet development.<br> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>We form molecular movies (<span class=SpellE>eg</span> of photosynthesis with P. <span class=SpellE>Fromme</span>) by <span class=GramE>optical<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>excitation</span> followed by snapshot hard X-ray laser diffraction, <span class=SpellE>outruning</span> damage at room temperature.<br> </i></span></b><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>439<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi'>&quot;X-ray lasers for structural and dynamic biology&quot;. A review. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>, U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span> and <span class=SpellE>H.N.Chapman</span>. Rep. <span class=SpellE>Prog</span>. Phys.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> <span class=GramE>75<span style='font-weight:normal'>,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>102601</span></span></b> (2012) .</span><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><br> 303<b><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</b></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi'>Single Molecule Diffraction&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> and <span class=SpellE>B.Doak</span>. Physical Review Letters. 92, 198102</span><b><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><br> </span></b><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>327<b><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</b></span><span style='mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Diffraction and imaging from a beam of laser-aligned proteins&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> et al.&nbsp; <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span> A61, p.237. (2005) see <span class=GramE>also<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>J.</span> <span class=SpellE>Chem</span> Phys. 123, 244304 (2005).<br> 372 &quot;Gas dynamic virtual nozzle for generation of microscopic droplet beams&quot;. D. De Ponte et al. J. Phys. D. <span class=SpellE>Appl</span> Phys. 41, 195505 (2008)<br> 401 </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi'>&quot;Femtosecond protein <span class=SpellE>nanocrystallography</span> - data analysis methods&quot;. R. <span class=SpellE>Kirian</span> et <span class=GramE>al<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Optics</span> Express<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>18, p.5713 (2010).<br> 408 &quot;Femtosecond protein <span class=SpellE>nanocrystallography</span>&quot;.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>H. Chapman, P. <span class=SpellE>Fromme</span>...... <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. Nature 470, p73-<span class=GramE>77<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(</span>2011).<br> 409<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;Single <span class=SpellE>mimivirus</span> particles imaged on-the-fly with an X-ray laser&quot; M. Seibert....J. <span class=SpellE>Hajdu</span>. Nature 470, p. 78 (2011)<br> <span class=GramE>412<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span>Phasing of coherent femtosecond X-ray diffraction from size-varying nanocrystals&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> et al<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Optics Express 19, 2866-2873 (2010)<br> 425<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;Signal , noise and resolution<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>in correlated <span class=SpellE>flucuations</span> from snapshot SAXS&quot; <span class=SpellE>R.Kirian</span> et al. Phys Rev E 84, 011921 (2011).<br> 436<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;Time-resolved protein <span class=SpellE>nanocrystallography</span> using an X-ray free-electron laser&quot; A. <span class=SpellE>Aquilla</span>.....J. Spence Optics Express 20, 2706 (2012).<br> 444<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;Trypanosoma <span class=SpellE>brucei</span> <span class=SpellE>procathepsin</span> B structure solved to 2.1 A using an X-ray laser&quot;.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>L. <span class=SpellE>Redecke</span> et <span class=GramE>al<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Science</span> 339, 227 (2013).<br> Papers in special issue of Phil Trans Roy Soc. from 2013 conference on X-ray lasers for structural biology.<br> 507<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Outrunning damage: Electrons vs X-rays. Timescales and mechanisms&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. Structural Dynamics. (2017). In press<br> <span class=GramE>504<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>XFELS</span> for structure and dynamics in <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>biology&quot;. <span class=SpellE>IUCrJ</span> <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>4.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(2017).<br> <span class=GramE>484<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span>Femtosecond dynamics of the cis-trans reaction in Photoactive Yellow Protein&quot;. <span class=SpellE>Pande</span> et al Science 352, 725. <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>(2016).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Ordering in Glasses.<br> <i>&quot; The most important unsolved problem in Condensed Matter Physics&quot; (P. Anderson).<br> </i></span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>261 &quot;Long range structural fluctuations in a CaO-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-2SiO<sub>2</sub> glass by spatially resolved near-edge spectroscopy. N. Jiang, J. <span class=SpellE>Qiu</span> and <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. Phys Rev B66, p.054203 (2002).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Organic <span class=GramE>materials,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span class=SpellE>Cryo</span></span><span class=SpellE>-electronmicroscopy</span>.<br> </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>288 Three-dimensional diffractive imaging for crystalline monolayers with 1D compact support. <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>J.Spence</span></span>, U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span>, K. Downing and R. M. <span class=SpellE>Glaeser</span>. J. <span class=SpellE>Struct</span>. Biol. 144, 209. 2003.</span><br> <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>262 &nbsp;&nbsp;Kinematic and dynamical CBED for solving thin organic films at low temperature; experimental tests with anthracene. J.S. Wu and J.C.H. Spence. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span> A58, p.580. (2002)<br> <span class=GramE>399<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span>Design of an electron microscope phase plate using a <span class=SpellE>focussed</span> continuous-wave laser&quot;. H. Muller et al. New J Phys. 12, 073011 (2010).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b>Bonding in solids. Electron <span class=SpellE>Microdiffraction</span>. <br> <i>We develop new methods for imaging the chemical bonds which glue atoms together in solids, and test many-electron theoretical approximations for bonding.<br> </i></b>177.&quot;Charge density of <span class=SpellE>MgO</span>: Implications of precise new measurements for theory&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.<span class=GramE>M.Zuo</span></span>, M. O'Keeffe, P. <span class=SpellE>Rez</span>, J. Spence. Phys Rev Letts.&nbsp; 78, p. 4777-4780. (1998)<br> 174 &quot;Direct inversion of dynamical electron diffraction patterns to structure factors&quot;.&nbsp; J. Spence. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span>. A. 1998. A<span class=GramE>54&nbsp; p.</span> 7 - 18.<br> 153 &quot;Effect of <span class=SpellE>Mn</span> doping on <span class=SpellE>chanrge</span> density in <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>g</span>-<span class=SpellE>TiAl</span> by quantitative CBED&quot; R. <span class=SpellE>Holmestad</span>, J. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>, J. Spence R <span class=SpellE>Hoier</span> and Z. <span class=SpellE>Horita</span>. Philos. Mag. (1995) 72, p. 579&nbsp;<br> 28 &quot;A simple method for determining structure factor <span class=GramE>phases&nbsp; and</span> crystal polarity using electron diffraction&quot;, J. <span class=SpellE>Tafto</span>/ and J. Spence, J. Appl.&nbsp; <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span>., 15, 60-64 (1982), <br> 82. &quot;Bonding in GaAs&quot;, J.M. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>, J. Spence and M. O'Keefe. Phys. Rev.&nbsp; Letts Vol. 61, p353 (1988) <br> 90. &quot;Accurate structure-factor phase determination by electron diffraction in acentric crystals&quot;, J.M. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>, J. Spence and R. <span class=SpellE>Hoier</span>.&nbsp; Phys.&nbsp; Rev.&nbsp; Letts. (1989) 62 p. 547.<br> <span class=GramE>103&nbsp; &quot;</span>Charge ordering in magnetite at low temperatures&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.<span class=GramE>M.Zuo</span></span>, J.C.H. Spence and&nbsp; <span class=SpellE>W.Petusky</span>. Phys. Rev. B.42<span class=GramE>,&nbsp; p.8451</span>&nbsp; (1990).&nbsp;<br> <span class=GramE><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>218&nbsp; &quot;</span></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>On the measurement of dislocation core periods by <span class=SpellE>nanodiffraction</span>&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span> and C. Koch. Phil Mag. B.81, <span class=GramE>11,pp.</span>1701-1711(2001). (<span class=SpellE>Bourret</span> Festschrift).</span><br> 104. <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/CopperOxideBondPix.pdf">Bonding in copper oxide</a> - direct observation of chemical <span class=SpellE>bonds.<span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&quot;Direct</span></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'> Observation of d holes and Cu-Cu bonding in Cu2O&quot;.</span> J. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>, <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Y.Kim</span></span>, M. O'Keeffe, J. Spence. Nature Vol 401, p.49, (1999). 226 &quot;On closed shell interactions, polar <span class=SpellE>covalences</span>, d shell holes, and direct images of orbitals: the case of cuprite&quot;. <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>J.Zuo</span></span>, <span class=SpellE>M.O Keeffe</span>, <span class=SpellE>M.Kim</span>, <span class=SpellE>J.Spence</span>. <span class=SpellE>Angew</span> <span class=SpellE>Chem</span> <span class=SpellE>Int</span> Ed 2000, 39, p. 3791. See&nbsp; <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/~jmzuo/pics/pics.htm">http://www.public.asu.edu/~jmzuo/pics/pics.htm</a>. For images, click below. <a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/CopperOxideBondPix.pdf">Nature99CopperOxideBonds</a> <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Solving crystal structures by electron <span class=SpellE>microdiffraction</span>.<br> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>The <span class=SpellE>focussed</span> electron beam for <span class=SpellE>microdiffration</span> has diameter less than 1 nm.</i></span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'><br> 387 &quot;The kinematic convergent beam method for solving nanocrystal structures&quot;. J. McKeown and <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>.<b> </b>J. <span class=SpellE>Appl</span> Phys. 106, <span class=GramE>074309 <b><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span></b>(</span>2009)<b><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p><b>Coherent Bremsstrahlung <br> <i>Charged particles buzzing through crystals generate tunable coherent X-ray with the buzz frequency.<br> </i></b>68. &quot;<span class=SpellE>Pendellosung</span> Radiation and Coherent Bremsstrahlung&quot;, J.C.H. Spence and G.&nbsp; Reese, <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span>. (P. Ewald Festschrift) 1986 <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span>. A42, p. 577-585, NSF </p> <p><b>Electron energy -loss spectroscopy.<br> <i>Provides similar information to soft-<span class=SpellE>Xray</span> absorption spectra, but with nanometer spatial resolution.<br> </i></b>2. &quot;Observation of double <span class=SpellE>plasmon</span> excitation in <span class=SpellE>aluminium</span>&quot;, J.C.H. Spence and A.E.C. <span class=SpellE>Spargo</span>, Phys. Rev. Letters 26, 985 (1971). <br> 70. &quot;The electron energy loss near edge structure of Be2C&quot;, M.M. <span class=SpellE>Disko</span>, J.C.H. Spence, O.F. Sankey and D. <span class=SpellE>Saldin</span>. Phys. Rev. B. (1986) B33, p. 5642-51, ARO 83. <br> 33. &quot;STEM Microanalysis by Transmission Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in Crystals&quot;, J.C.H. Spence and J. Lynch, Ultramicroscopy, 9, 267 (1982), ARO. <br> 60. &quot;Determination of the single-scattering energy-loss <span class=SpellE>distibution</span> from multiple-loss data&quot;. <span class=SpellE>D.<span class=GramE>W.Johnson</span></span> and J.C.H. Spence J. Phys D 7, 771 (1974).</p> <p><b>Channeling effects on secondary processes, internal source holography <br> <i>Electron standing waves in crystals can be used to locate foreign dopant atoms.<br> </i></b>47. &quot;ALCHEMI - a new technique for locating atoms in small crystals&quot;, J.C.H Spence and J. <span class=SpellE>Tafto</span>, J. Micros, 130, 147 (1983), NSF 80. <br> 79. &quot;<span class=SpellE>Adatom</span> site determination using <span class=SpellE>channelling</span> effects in RHEED on X-ray and Auger electron production&quot;, J.C.H. Spence and Y. Kim (1988).&nbsp; in &quot;Reflection High Energy Electron Diffraction and Reflection Electron Imaging of Surfaces<span class=GramE>&quot;&nbsp; Eds.</span> P.K. Larsen and P.J. Dobson, p. 117-128 Plenum1988 NSF 85. <br> &quot;Atomic String Holography&quot;. J. Spence and C. Koch. Phys. Rev. Letts. 86, p. 5510 (2001).</p> <p><b>In-situ observation of STM operation in a TEM <br> <i>Manipulate atoms by STM and watch simultaneously by TEM<br> </i></b><span class=GramE>124&nbsp; Investigation</span> of STM image artifacts by in-situ reflection electron microscopy. W. Lo and J. Spence. <span class=SpellE>Ultramic</span>. (1992). 48, p.433. </p> <p><b>Atomic-scale imaging of defects, ordering. High Tc, Dislocation kink dynamics. <br> <i>The atomic structure of defects controls many materials properties.<br> </i></b>17. &quot;Distinguishing dissociated Shuffle and Glide set dislocations by high resolution electron microscopy&quot;, A. Olsen and J.C.H. Spence, Phil. Mag. A43, 945-965 (1980) <br> 154 &quot;Observation of moving dislocation kinks and pinning&quot;. H. Kolar, J. Spence and H. Alexander. Phys. Rev. Letts. 77, p. 4031-4034 (1996<span class=GramE>) .</span> &nbsp;<a href="http://www.public.asu.edu/%7Ejspence/KinksJdePh.pdf"><span class=SpellE>KinkImages</span></a> <br> 74. &quot;Microstructure, Oxygen Ordering and planar defects in in high Tc superconductor Ba2YCu3O6.9&quot;, A. <span class=SpellE>Ourmazd</span>, J.C. Spence, M. et <span class=GramE>al<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Nature</span> (1987) 327, p. 308, NSF 85. <br> 9. &quot;Lattice imaging in STEM&quot;, J.C.H. <span class=GramE>Spence ,</span>J.M. Cowley, <span class=SpellE>Optik</span>, 50, 129 (1978). <br> 170 &quot;The enhancement of electron microscope resolution by use of atomic focusers&quot;. J. M. Cowley, J. Spence and V.V. Smirnov. <span class=SpellE>Ultramic</span>. 68, p. 135 (1997).<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><br> 200. Electron <span class=SpellE><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>nanodiffraction</span></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'> for dislocation kinks and core reconstruction&quot;. C. Koch, <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>J.Spence</span></span> et al.. J. Phys (Cond. Matter) 12, p. 1-9 (2000).<br> 281 &quot;Oxygen in crystals - seeing is believing&quot;. Science. 299, p. 839 (2003) &quot;Perspective&quot;.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b>Field emission <span class=SpellE>nanotips</span>, electron <span class=SpellE>antibunching</span>, low energy electron holography in biology, <span class=SpellE>photofield</span> emission. <br> </b>131 &quot;Brightness measurement of nanometer sized field emission electron sources&quot;. W. Qian, M. <span class=SpellE>Scheinfein</span> and J. Spence. J. Appl. Phys. 73, 7041 (1993).<br> 138 &quot;Electron source information from Fresnel fringes in field emission point projection electron microscopy&quot; J. Spence= <span class=GramE>et al..</span> J. <span class=SpellE>Vac</span> Sci. A12. p.542 (1994)<br> 122 Aberrations of emission cathodes: Nanometer diameter field emission electron&nbsp;sources. M. <span class=SpellE>Scheinfein</span>, W, Qian and J, Spence. J. Appl. Phys. 73 (1993) p.2057<br> <span class=GramE>187<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span>Imaging of Tobacco Mosaic Virus at 40 volts by electron holography&quot;. U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span> and J. Spence. Micron 30, <span class=GramE>p.335<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(</span>1999). ARO. <br> 232 &quot;Electron Holography of field-emitting carbon nanotubes&quot;. <span class=SpellE>Cumings</span>, <span class=SpellE>Zettl</span>, McCartney, Spence. Phys Rev Letts. 88, p.056804 (2002)<br> <span class=GramE><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>266&nbsp; &quot;</span></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Spaced out electrons&quot;. Electron <span class=SpellE>antibunching</span>. News and Views. Nature 418, p. 377 2002. J.C.H. Spence.<br> </span>396 <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&quot;A coherent <span class=SpellE>photofield</span> electron source for fast diffractive and point-projection imaging&quot;. J.C.H. Spence, T. <span class=SpellE>Vecchione</span> and U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span>. Phil Mag. Accepted (2010)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b>New electron detectors.<br> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>This facilitated the development of tomography in <span class=SpellE>cryo</span>-electron <span class=SpellE>micoscopy</span>, previously requiring multiple recordings on film.</i><br> </b>86. &quot;A large dynamic range parallel detection CCD system for electron diffraction <span class=GramE>and&nbsp; imaging</span>&quot;, J.C.H. Spence and J.M. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>, J. Sci. Instr. 59(9), p. 2102-2105 (1988)&nbsp;<b><o:p></o:p></b></p> <p><span class=SpellE><b>Cathodolluminescence</b></span><b> in STEM <br> <i>Atomic-level spatial resolution with the energy resolution of optical spectroscopy.<br> </i></b>54. &quot;<span class=SpellE>Cathodoluminescence</span> and polarization studies of dislocations in diamond&quot;, N. Yamamoto, J.C.H. Spence and D. <span class=SpellE>Fathy</span>, Phil. Mag B49, p. 609-629 (1984). </p> <p><b>Electron holography. Ferroelectrics <br> <i>Electron holography allows one to map out electric and magnetic fields in solids.<br> </i></b>160 &quot;Theory and principles of electron holography<span class=GramE>&quot;&nbsp; J.</span> Cowley, J. Spence. <span class=GramE>in :</span> Intro to electron holography. <span class=SpellE>Eds</span> Allard et al.&nbsp; Plenum (NY) 1996 <br> <span class=GramE>129&nbsp; &quot;</span>Electron holographic study of ferroelectric domain walls&quot; <span class=SpellE>J.C.H.Spence</span>, J.M. Cowley and J.M. <span class=SpellE>Zuo</span>. Appl. Phys. Letts. 62, p. 2446 (1993) <br> 232 &quot;Electron holography of field-emitting carbon nanotubes&quot;. Cummings, <span class=SpellE>Zettl</span>, McCartney, Spence. Phys. Rev. Letts. 88, p.056804 (2002).</p> <p><b>The Scanning <span class=SpellE>Tunnelling</span> Atom Probe. <br> <i>Our machine combines an STM with a time-of-flight atom probe.<br> </i></b>189 &quot;Atomic species <span class=GramE>identification&nbsp; in</span> STM using an imaging atom-probe technique&quot;. U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span> and J. Spence. Surf Sci. 398 p. 267-279.&nbsp; </p> <p><b>Inversion problem of multiple electron or X-ray scattering.<br> <i>Direct, non-iterative methods for recovering potentials from multiple-scattering data.<br> </i></b>174. <span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&quot;Direct inversion of dynamical electron diffraction patterns to structure factors&quot;. J. Spence. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span>. A. 1998. A54 p. 7 - 18.<br> 3. &quot;Determination of single-scattering distribution from multiple scattering data in ELS&quot;, D Johnson, and J. Spence, <span class=SpellE>J.Phys</span>. D.7, 771 (1974).<br> 256 &quot;A useful disentanglement of the exponential of the sum of two non-commuting matrices, one of which is diagonal&quot;. C. T. Koch and <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. J. Phys A36, 803 .2003. <br> 382 &quot;Two-wavelength inversion of multiply-scattered soft X-ray intensities to charge density&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. <span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span> A65. p.28-38 (2009)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b>X-ray holography, diffraction-imaging, <span class=SpellE>lensless</span> imaging and powder diffraction by iterative phasing.<br> <i>Images can now be reconstructed from far-field scattering from non-periodic objects. Applications to femtosecond X-ray diffraction from proteins or single particles.</i></b><br> <span class=GramE>241<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span>Workshop on &quot;New approaches to the Phase Problem for non-periodic objects&quot; John <span class=SpellE>C.H.Spence</span>, M. Howells, <span class=SpellE>L.D.Marks</span> and J. Miao. <span class=SpellE>Ultramic</span>. 90, p.1-6 (2001).<br> 237. &quot;Holography of atoms&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>. Nature. 410, p.1037. (2001).<br> <span class=GramE>249&nbsp;&nbsp;&quot;</span>Phase recovery and <span class=SpellE>lensless</span> imaging by iterative methods in optical and electron diffraction&quot;. <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>J..Spence</span></span>, U. <span class=SpellE>Weierstall</span> ,M. Howells. Phil. Trans. 360, p.875 (2002).<br> <span class=GramE>289<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;X-ray image reconstruction from a diffraction pattern alone. S. <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Marchesini</span></span><span class=GramE>,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>J.C.H.</span> Spence et al.<sup>.. </sup>Phys <span class=GramE>Rev<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>B</span>68, 140101(R)<br> 343 </span>&quot;Ab initio phasing of X-ray powder diffraction patterns by charge flipping&quot;. <span class=SpellE>J.<span class=GramE>S.Wu</span></span>, <span class=SpellE>J.C.H.Spence</span>, M. O'Keeffe, K. <span class=SpellE>Leinenweber</span>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Nature Materials. 5, 647 2006. <br> <span class=GramE><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>367<a name="OLE_LINK67"></a><a name="OLE_LINK68"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK67'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span></a></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK68'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK67'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Dose, exposure time and resolution in serial crystallography&quot;.</span></span></span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman"'> <a name="OLE_LINK65"></a><a name="OLE_LINK66"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK65'>D. </span></a><span class=SpellE><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK66'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK65'>Starodub</span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK66'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK65'>, J. Spence et al.</span></span><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>J. Synch Res. <span class=GramE>15,<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>62</span>-73 (2008)<br> 388 <b><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span></b>&quot;Triple-beam tomographic femtosecond X-ray diffractive imaging&quot;. K. Schmidt, J. Spence <span class=GramE>et al. .</span>J. Phys Rev Letts. 101, <span class=GramE>115507<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>(</span>2008)<br> 386<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;Powder diffraction from a continuous <span class=SpellE>microjet</span> of nanoscale protein crystals&quot;. D.A. Shapiro...... <span class=SpellE>J.C.<span class=GramE>H.Spence</span></span>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>J. Synch. Rad.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>15, 593-599 (2008). (2008).<br> <span class=GramE>377<a name="OLE_LINK97"></a><a name="OLE_LINK98"><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK97'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&quot;</span></a></span><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK98'><span style='mso-bookmark:OLE_LINK97'>Ultrafast, <span class=SpellE>ultrabright</span>, X-ray holography using a uniformly redundant array&quot;.</span></span> <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>S.Marchesini</span></span> J.C. H. Spence et al. (2008) Nature Photonics 2, 560 - 563 (2008).</span> </p> <p><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=24 height=24 id="_x0000_i1026" src=JCHSwebpix.jpg></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p>&nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; <br> &nbsp; </p> </div> </body> </html>