English 394--"Writing (in) Cyberspace"
(don't panic--not everything here will be
//Cyberpunks & Cyborgs//
History of Cyberspace//TheVirtual
Bibliographies & Other Resources
History of Cyberspace
- Bernardo Alexander Attias, "Introduction
to Communication and Technology."
- John Perry Barlow Declaration
of Independece in Cyberspace
- Barbara Becker, "Virtual
Identities: the Imaginary Self" (1997)
- David G.W Birchand S. Peter
- Amy Bruckman (MIT Media Lab) "Finding
One's Own Space in Cyberspace" and "Cyberspace
is not Disneyland: The Role of the Artist in a Networked World"
- Daniel Chandler, "Shaping
and Being Shaped: Engaging with Media," Computer-Mediated Communication
Magazine 3:2 (01 February 1996) ,
"Biases of the Ear
- Daniel Chandler, "Technological
or Media Determinism"
- Chris Chesher, "Colonizing
Virtual Reality: Construction of the Discourse of Virtual Reality, 1984-1992,"
- Erik Davis. "TechnoPagans".
Wired. 3.07 (July 1995)
- Mark Dery . Escape Velocity:
CyberCulture at the End of the Century. New York: Grove P, 1996. There's
an excellent informative Website
to accompany the book.
- Michael E. Doherty Jr. Marshall
McLuhan Meets William Gibson in "Cyberspace". CMC Magazine (September
1, 1995): 4.
- Samuel Ebersole, "Media
Determinism in Cyberspace" McLuhan's
Interview with Playboy
- Ellen Hume, "Tabloids,
Talk Radio, and the Future of News: Technology's Impact on Journalism
- Michael Heim:
Essence of VR"
- Michael Heim. The Metaphysics
of Virtual Reality. NY: Oxford UP, 1993. Here's another chapter from this
Erotic Ontology of Cyberspace".
- ---. Virtual
Realism. NY: Oxford UP, 1998.
- Ronda Hauben, "The
Development of the International Computer Network," in Michael and
Ronda Hauben, Netizens:
On the History and Impact of the Net (1994).
- Tim Jackson A
Prisoner of Hope in Cyberspace
- Arthur Kroker "Digital
Humanism: The Processed World of Marshall McLuhan" (CTHEORY)
- ---. with Michael Weinstein, The
Hyper-Texted Body, Or Nietzsche Gets a Modem
- ---. and Michael Weinstein.
Theory of the Virtual Class". In Data Trash. NY: St. Martin's P,
- Richard A. Lanham, Chapter
4 of The Electronic Word: Democracy, Technology, and the Arts (1993)
(U. Chicago Press)
- John M. Lawler, "Metaphors
We Compute By" (1987)
- Jacques Leslie, "The
Impact of E-Mail" (1993) (HotWired)
- Peter Ludlow (State U. of New York, Stone Brook),
Noon on the Electronic Frontier: Conceptual Issues in Cyberspace (1996)
(excerpts) ("drafts" of most of the essays in the volume by various authors;
includes a wealth of links to supplementary readings)
- Marlene Manoff (MIT Libraries), "Cyberhope
or Cyberhype? Computers and Scholarly Research" (1997)
- Bruce Murray., SOCIETY,
CYBERSPACE AND THE FUTURE .
- Janet H.Murray Hamlet
on the Holodeck. Cambridge: MIT UP, 1997.
- Nicholas Negroponte (MIT Media Lab), Being
Digital (excerpts from the book supported by external
links and a collection of Negroponte's Wired Magazine columnsNegroponte,
Digital. NY: Knopf, 1995. Browse
through The "Being
- Neil Postman, "Informing
Ourselves to Death" (1990)
- Mark Olsen (U. Chicago), "Signs,
Symbols, and Discourses: A New Direction for Computer-Aided
- Ed Regis. "Meet
the Extropians". Wired. 2.10 (October 1994).
- Elizabeth M. Reid (Royal Melbourne Institute
of Technology) Cultural
Formations in Text-Based Virtual Realities (1994) (MA thesis)
- Howard Rheingold
- Michael S.Rosenberg. "Virtual
Reality: Reflections of Life, Dreams, and Technology: An Ethnography of a
Computer Society". Includes an excellent glossary
- Marc Smith and Peter Kollock, eds., Communities
in Cyberspace: Perspectives on New Forms of Social Organizaton (1997)
(table of contents) | Introduction
- Alan Sondheim, Internet
Thieme's Home Page, ThiemeWorks,
- John Unsworth (U. Virginia), "Living
Inside the (Operating) System: Community in Virtual Reality (Draft)" and
or, Scholarly Publishing and the Public
- Shawn P. Wilbur
An Archeology of Cyberspaces: Community, Virtuality, Mediation, Commerce
- Sean Zdenek, (Carnegie Mellon U) Cyber:
Technoculture --There's Nothing Finer, They Said
Anderson, (U. Texas Austin), Not
Maimed but Malted (hypertext essay on hypertextuality and the relation
between graphics and text; applied to the problem of freshmen composition)
- Sven Birkerts, "Into
the Electronic Millennium."
- Vannevar Bush, "As
We May Think" (1945) (HTML version of the canonical essay on hypertext;
originally published in The Atlantic Monthly) "As
We May Think," from Atlantic Monthly (July 1945).
Is Hypertext?" 1994. Charles Deemer's Homepage. Online. 22 August 1995.
- J. Yellowlees DouglasPerforations:
Gaps Maps and Perception What Hypertext Readers (Don't) Do
- Tim Guay, "Media
and Hypertext Theory"
- Jon Katz
of the Luddites." Wired (June 1995): 162-65, 210.
- Kevin Kelly.
with the Luddite [Kirkpatrick Sale]." Wired (June 1995): 166-68,
- Raymond Kurzwei
The Age of Intelligent
Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1990.
- George P. Landow
The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology. Baltimore:
The Johns Hopkins UP, 1992.
- ---, "Vannevar
Bush and the Memex"
McGann (U. Virginia) "Radiant
Textuality" (the relation of online computing and hypertext to literary
scholarship and The
Rationale of HyperText"
- Judy Malloy. "Hypernarrative
in the Age of the Web". Arts.Community.2.5.
- William J. Mitchell, City
of Bits: Space, Place, and the Infobahn (Boston: The MIT Press, 1995).
Moulthrop and Nancy Kaplan's "Citescapes:
Supporting Knowledge Construction on the Web" and Moulthrop's "The
Shadow of an Informand: An Experiment in Hypertext Rhetoric."
- John Tovla's "The
Heresy of Hypertext: Fear and Anxiety in the Late Age of Print."
- John Unsworth's "Living
Inside the (Operating) System: Community in Virtual Reality."
- John Perry Barlow's "Is
There a There in Cyberspace?" (Utne Reader)
- Collin Gifford Brooke's "The
Fate of Rhetoric in an Electronic Age" (Enculturation 1:1, Spring
- Amy Bruckman's "Finding
One's Own in Cyberspace," (Technology Review, January 1996).
- Judith S. Donath (MIT Media Lab), "Identity
and Deception in the Virtual Community" (1996)
- Jan Fernback
and Brad Thompson. "Virtual
Communities: Abort, Retry, Failure?".
- Arthur Kroker and Marilouise.
"30 Cyber-Days in
San Francisco 1.5: Welcome to the (Digital) Neighborhood". (Cf. 24
Hours in Cyberspace.)
- Chris Mitchell. Is
This For Real?. "Chris Mitchell is unconvinced" by Mark Slouka's War
Of The Worlds: The Assault On Reality.
- Yannis Paniaras. "Virtual
Identities in CMC". Rheingold, Howard. "A
Slice of Life in My Virtual Community".
- Howard Rheingold, Chapter
5 of Howard Rheingold's book, The Virtual Community (pp.
92-7 in Wired Society).
Community, Humanity and the Net,
and Convergences: The Accidental History of the Net," from The
Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier (1993).
Toolkit". From the Millenium Whole Earth Catalog. About CyberCafes.
- Bruce Sterling. "The
Virtual City". This is a speech given at Rice Design Alliance Houston,
Texas, March 2, 1994.
- Shuschen Tan. "Digital
City, Amsterdam". An Interview with Marleen Stikker.
Turkle (MIT) "Who
Am We?" (Wired, 4, 1, January 1996), "Virtuality
and Its Discontents: Searching for Community in Cyberspace" (The
American Prospect, no. 24, Winter 1996), andand
on the Screen
& The Global Village
- John Arquilla & David Ronfeldt (RAND Foundation),
Cyberspace, and Cyberology: Political Effects of the Information Revolution"
- John Perry Barlow, "Selling
Wine Without Bottles: The Economy of Mind on the Global Net" (1996) (from
Peter Ludlow, ed., (State U. of New York, Stone Brook), ed., High
Noon on the Electronic Frontier: Conceptual Issues in Cyberspace)
- William F. Birdsall, "The
Internet and the Ideology of Information Technology"
- Paul Bissex, "Cyberia:
Fighting the Chill of the Information Age"
- Daniel Chandler, "The
Technological Imperative: Technological or Media Determinism."
- Jon Katz "Birth
of a Digital Nation" (1997) and "The
Digital Citizen" (1997) (Wired)
- Arthur Krokerwith Marilouise Kroker, "Code
Warriors: Bunkering In and Dumbing Down" (excerpt from the Kroker's 1996
book, Hacking the Future) (CTHEORY)
Poster (U. California, Irvine): Home Page, "CyberDemocracy:
Internet and the Public Sphere" and "Postmodern
- Dirk H.R. Spennemann, Jim Birckhead, David
G. Green, and John S. Atkinson, "The
Electronic Colonization of the Pacific," Computer-Mediated Communication
Magazine 3:2 (01 February 1996)
- Michael A. Weinstein, "The
Triumph of Abuse Value," CTHEORY 14 (03 May 1995).
Winner (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), "Cyberlibertarian
Myths and the Prospects for Community" (1997) ("critique of the banal
fantasies that pass as 'vision' among of many of those who speculate about
cyberspace and politics in our time")
- Roberto Verzola, "Towards
A Political Economy of Information"
- Corporate Watch, "Who
Owns Cyberspace, and Can They Control It?"
in the Information Age Falling Through the Net
- National Telecommunications and Information
Association (digital divide - haves and have nots, gender, permanent or
temporary disabilities, economic and cultural barriers) ;
- Ali Mir and Maya Yajnik, "The
Uneven Development of Places: From Bodyshopping to Global Assembly Lines"
Technology & The Public Sphere
Bell, "Kate Bornstein:
A Transgender Transsexual Postmodern Tiresias" (CTHEORY , Carnegie
- David Balcom, Body
Language:Text and Gender Online
- Amy Bruckman (MIT Media Lab) "Gender
Swapping on the Internet" (1993)
- Lynn Cherny (Stanford U.), "Gender
Differences in Text-Based Virtual Reality" (1994) and "
'Objectifying' the Body in the Discourse of an Object-Oriented MUD" (1995)
- Julian Dibbell, "A
Rape in Cyberspace or How an Evil Clown, a Haitian Trickster Spirit, Two Wizards,
and a Cast of Dozens Turned a Database Into a Society" (1993) (Village
- Barbara Ehrenreich,"Put
Your Pants on, Demonboy."
- Donna Haraway, "A
Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late
Twentieth Century," in Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention
of Nature (New York; Routledge, 1991), pp.149-181.
- Jesse Kornbluth, "(You
Make Me Feel Like a) Virtual Woman."
- Elizabeth Lane Lawley (U. Alabama), "Computers
and the Communication of Gender"
McRae (U. Washington), "Coming
Apart at the Seams: The Erotics of Virtual Embodiment" (1995)
The Virtual Panopticon
Cyberpunks and Cyborgs
- John Perry Barlow,
Sven Birkerts, Kevin Kelly, Mark Slouka. "What Are We
Doing On-line?" Harper's Magazine (August 1995): 35-46.
- John Perry Barlow. Crime
and Puzzlement, Part 2 and "A Not Terribly
Brief History of the Electronic Frontier Foundation".
- Adam S. Bauman, "Internet
Hackers Breach Security: Hard Core Porn Stored at Lawrence Livermore,"
San Jose Mercury News (12 July 1994)
- Decide, "The Novice's
Guide to Hacking" (August 1993)
- Mark Dery, "Culture
Jamming: Hacking, Slashing and Sniping in the Empire of Signs"
Prisoner: Phiber Optik Goes Directly to Jail"
- Dissident, "The
Ethics of Hacking"
- Emmanuel Goldstein,.
Time for Goodbyes--Phiber Optik's Journey to Prison"
- Wendy Grossman.
NY: NY UP, 1997.
- Invisible Evil, "Hacking
Kit version 2.0 Beta," (March 1997)
- Mitchel Kapor.
Liberties in Cyberspace."
- Arthur Kroker and Marilouise.
The Day Cyberpunk Died."
- Timothy C. May, "The
Crypto-Anarchist Manifesto" (September 1992).
- Mentor's "Hacker's Manifesto; or The Conscience
of a Hacker" was published in Phrack,
which is a leading publication for hackers, along with 2600:
The Hacker Quarterly.
- A Novice's
Guide to Hacking (.zip file)
- Joshua Quittner,.
Homecoming", ... "Phiber Optik is out of jail and back online,"(originally
appeared in Time, 145.4 (Jan. 23 1995).
- Seeker1, "Is
Cyberpunk the Counterculture of the 1990's? The Red Light District of
the Virtual Community."
- Seeker1, "Talking
'Bout My Generation" A Slacker Manifesto
- Sir Hack-a-lot, "A
UNIX Hacking Tutorial"
- Michelle Slatalla
and Joshua Quittner. Masters of Deception:
The Gang That Ruled Cyberspace. NY: HarperCollins, 1995. (See "Gang
War in Cyberspace", in Wired [December 1994]: 146-51, 200-05
- Guy L.Steele et al., ed.
The Hacker's Dictionary:
A Guide to the World of Computer Wizzards. Harper and Row, 1983; The
New Hacker's Dictionary, MIT Press, 1993.
- Bruce Sterling, The Hacker Crackdown: Law
and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier.
- McKenzie Wark, "Cyberpunk:
From subculture to mainstream" (1992)
MOOs & MUDS
The Virtual Library and the
Culture of Print
Freedom/Censorship (Security Software
Piracy and The Communication Decency Act)
Piracy Related Readings:
- Bronwyn Fryer, "The
Software Police," Wired 3.05 (1995).
- Bentley Systems, "Software
Piracy: What You Should Know": An Industry Perspective
- Business Software Alliance, The
Impact of Piracy on the International Marketplace: Industry Perspective
- Chris DiBona, Sam Ockman & Mark Stone, eds.,
Sources: Voices from the Free Software Movement (O'Reilly, 1999):
The first book "copylefted" under the GNU GPL.
- Editorial, "So
You Want to be a Pirate?" Pirate 1:1 (June 1989).
- Dan Farmer, "Improving
the Security of Your Site by Breaking Into It," from the author of
- Mike Godwin, "When
Copying Isn't Theft: How the Government Stumbled in a "Hacker"
Case" Internet World (Jan/Feb 1994)
- Margaret Lynch, "Ethical
Issues in Electronic Information Systems"
- Jesse Hirsh, "The
Information Institution: Oligopoly, Monopoly, and Power," Anarchives
2:22 (16 December 1995).
- National Academy of Sciences, "Cryptography's
Role in Securing the Information Society." 1996 NAS Report to Congress
- John Raffetto, "Internet
Piracy Signals Need For Legislation".
- Richard M. Stallman, "The
GNU Operating System and the Free Software Movement."
- Phil Zimmerman,"How
PGP Works" and "Why
Do you Need PGP?"