Study Guide #3 (Final Exam)
List topics appropriate for experiments.
Describe and illustrate the major components of the classical experiment.
Describe the three strategies for selecting subjects.
Describe pre-experimental designs, list examples of each of these three designs, and assess the strengths and weaknesses of each.
Describe the Solomon four-group and the posttest only designs.
Describe the logic behind the double-blind experiment.
Describe and illustrate natural experiments.
Examine the strengths and weaknesses of the experimental method.
List appropriate topics for survey designs.
List the sampling techniques used in survey research
Assess the strengths and weaknesses of survey design.
Understand why mail surveys need to be monitored.
Describe the rules for successful interviewing.
Describe secondary analysis (along with its strengths and weaknesses).
Compare and contrast the three main forms of survey designs.
Give examples of topics particularly appropriate for field research.
Compare the roles that field researchers may take.
Describe the main sampling techniques used by qualitative researchers
Provide advice on each of the steps in preparing for the field and on recording observations in field research.
Describe the (five) qualitative field research paradigms and what questions/issues can one study from each of these perspectives.
Provide advice for asking questions in field research, and compare a field research interview with normal conversation.
Address the strengths and weaknesses of field research.
Describe and give examples of the three unobtrusive research designs.
Give examples of content analysis in which the unit of analysis differs from the unit of observation.
Illustrate the sampling techniques that researcher might use in content analysis (including the development of categories for coding).
Describe an ecological fallacy.
Differentiate manifest content from latent content and describe how each is conducted.
Define what ethics and politics in research means.
Describe the ethical issues involved in the examples that your text provides (Humprey’s and Milgram’s studies) and in the film the Tuskeegee Experiment.
What lessons have we learned from these studies?
Describe ethical issues involved in: voluntary participation, no harm to subjects, anonymity and confidentiality, the researcher’s identity, and analysis and reporting.
**Here is a list that will be helpful in comparing the different methods we have covered in class. For each method you have reviewed based on guidelines above (experiment, survey, field, and unobtrusive—including content, historical comparative, and existing statistics), try to identify the following: