LESSON THIRD.

 

ARTICLE I.-To advance in line of battle.

 

84. The company being in line of battle" and correctly aligned, when the instructor shall wish to- exercise it in marching by the front, he will assure himself that the shoulders of the captain and covering sergeant are perfectly in the direction of their respective ranks, and that the sergeant accurately covers the captain; the instructor will then place himself twenty-five or thirty paces in front of them, face to the rear, and place himself exactly on the prolongation  of the line passing between their heels.

85. The instructor, being aligned on the directing file, will command:

 

1. Company, forward.

 

86. At this, a sergeant, previously designated, will move six paces in advance of the captain: the instructor, from the position the , prolongation prescribed, will correctly align this sergeant on, the directing file.

87. This advanced. sergeant, who is to be charged with the direction, will, the moment his position !is assured, take two points on, the ground in the straight line which would pass between his own and the heels of the instructor.

88. These dispositions being made, the instructor will step aside, and command:

 

2. MARCH.

 

89. At this, the company will step off with life. The directing sergeant will. observe with the greatest precision, the, length and cadence of the step, marching on the two points he has chosen;. - he will take in succession, and always a little before arriving at the point nearest to him, new points in advance, exactly in the same line with the first two, and at the distance of some, fifteen or twenty paces from each other. The captain Will march  steadily in the trace of the directing sergeant, keeping always six, paces from him; the men will each maintain the head direct to the front, feel lightly, the elbow of his neighbor on the side of direction, and conform himself to the principles, school of the soldier, for the march by front.

90. The man next to the captain will take special care not to pass him; to this end, he will keep the line of his shoulders a little in the rear, but in the, same direction with those of the captain.

91. - The file closers will march at the habitual distance of two paces behind  the rear rank.

92. If the men lose the step, the instructor will command;

 

To the-STEP

 

93. At this command, the men will glance towards the directing sergeant, retake the step from him, and again direct their eyes to the front.

94. The instructor will cause the captain and covering sergeant to be posted sometimes on the right, and sometimes on the left of the company.

95. The directing sergeant, in advance, having the greatest influence on the March of the company, he will be selected for the precision of his step, his habit of maintaining his shoulders in a  square with a given line of direction, and of prolonging that line without variation.

96. If this sergeant should fail to observe these principles, undulations in the front of the company must necessarily follow - the men will be unable to contract the, habit of taking steps equal in length and swiftness, and of maintaining their shoulders in a square with the line of direction-the only means of attaining perfection in the march in line.

97. The instructor, with a view the better to establish the men in the length and cadence of the step, and in the principles of the march in line, will cause the company to advance three or four hundred paces, at once, without halting if the ground will permit in the  first exercises, he will march the company with open ranks the better to observe the two ranks.

98. The instructor, will see, with care that all the principles of the march in line are strictly observed he will generally be on the directing flank, in a position to observe the two ranks and the faults they may commit; he will sometimes halt, behind the directing file during some thirty successive steps, in order to judge whether the directing sergeant. or the directing file deviate from the perpendicular.

 

ARTICLE II- To halt the company marching in line if battle ,and to align it.

 

99. The instructor, wishing  to halt the company will command:

 

1. Company.          HALT.

 

100. At the second command, the company will halt the directing sergeant will remain in advance unless ordered to return to the line of file closers. The company being at a halt the instructor may advance the first three or four files on the -side of direction and align the company on that basis ,or he any confine himself to causing the alignment to be -rectified. In this last case, he will command: Captain, rectify the alignment  The captain will direct the covering sergeant to attend to the rear rank when each, glancing his eyes along his rank will promptly rectify it, conforming to what is prescribed in the school of the soldier No. 320.

 

ARTICLE III.-Oblique march in line of battle.

 

101. The company being in the direct march, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march obliquely, he will command

 

1. Right (or left) oblique. 2, MARCH.

 

102. At the command march, the company will take the oblique step. The men will accurately observe the principles prescribed in the school of the soldier, No. 331. The rear rank men will preserve their distances, and march in rear of the man next on the right (or left) of their habitual file leaders.

103. When the instructor wishes the direct march to he resumed he will command:

 

1. Forward. 2. MARCH.

 

104. At the command march, the company will resume the direct march. The instructor will move briskly twenty paces in front of the captain, and facing the company, will place himself exactly in the prolongation of the captain and covering sergeant, and then by a sign, will move the directing sergeant on the same line it he be not already on it; the latter will immediately take two points on the ground between himself and the instructor and as he advances, will take new points of direction, as is explained No. 89.

105. In the oblique march, the men not having the touch of elbows, the guide will always be on the side toward which the oblique is made, without  any indication to that effect being given ; and when the-direct match is resumed, the guide will be, equally without indication, on the Bide where it was previous to the oblique.

106. The instructor will, at first, cause the oblique to be made toward the side of the guide. He will also direct the captain to have an eye on the directing, sergeant, in order to keep on the same perpendicular  line to the front with him, while following a parallel direction.

107. During the continuance of the march, the instructor will be watchful that the men follow parallel directions, in conforming to the principles prescribed in the school of the soldier, for preserving the general alignment  - whenever the men lose the alignment, he will be careful that they regain it by lengthening or shortening the step, without altering the cadence, or changing  the direction.

108. The instructor will place himself in front of the company and face to it, in order to regulate the march of the directing sergeant or the man who is on the flank toward which the oblique is made, and to see that the principles of the march are properly observed, and that the files do not crowd.

 

ARTICLE IV.-To mark time, to march in double quick time, and the back step.

 

109. The company being in the direct march, and in quick time, the instructor, to cause it To mark time, will command:

 

1. Mark time. 2. MARCH.

 

110. To resume the march, he will command:

 

1. Forward. 2. MARCH.

 

111. To cause the march in double quick time, the instructor will command:

 

1. Double quick. 2. MARCH.

 

112. The command march will be pronounced at the instant either foot is coming to the ground.

113. To resume quick time, the instructor will command:

 

1. Quick time. 2. MARCH.

 

114. The command march will be pronounced at the instant either foot is coming to the ground.

115. The company being at a halt, the instructor may cause it to march in the back step; to -this effect, he will command:

 

1. Company backward. 2. MARCH.

 

116. The back step will be executed according to the principles prescribed in the school of the soldier, No. 247, but the use of it being rare, the instructor will not cause more than fifteen or twenty steps to be taken in succession, and to that extent but seldom.

117. The instructor ought  not to exercise the company in marching in double quick time till the men are well established in the length and swiftness of the pace in quick time; he wilt then endeavor to render the march of one hundred and sixty-five steps in the minute equally easy and familiar, and also cause them to observe the same erectness of body and composure of mind, as if marching in quick time.

118. When marching in double quick time, if a subdivision (in a column) has to change direction by turning, or has to form into line, the men will quicken the pace to one hundred and eighty steps in a minute. The same swiftness of step will be observed under all circumstances where great rapidity of movement is required. But, as ranks of men cannot march any length of time at so swift a rate, without breaking or confusion, this acceleration will not be considered a prescribed exercise, and accordingly companies or battalions will only be habitually exercised in the double quick time of one hundred and sixty-five steps in the minute.