ARTICLE V.- To march in retreat.
119. The company being halted and correctly aligned, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march in retreat, he will command:
1. Company. 2. About-FACE.
120. The company having faced to the rear, the instructor will place himself in front of the directing file, conforming to what is prescribed, No. 84.
121. The instructor, being correctly established on the prolongation of the directing file, will command:
3. Company, forward.
122. At this, the directing sergeant will conform himself to what is prescribed Nos. 86 and 87, with this difference-he will place himself six paces in front of the line of file closers, now leading.
123. The covering sergeant will step into the line of file closers, opposite to his interval, and the captain will place himself in the rear rank, now become the front.
124. This disposition being promptly made, the instructor will command:
125. At this, the directing sergeant, the captain, and the men, will conform themselves to what is prescribed No. 89, and following.
126. The instructor will cause to be executed, marching in retreat, all that is prescribed for marching in advance - the commands and the means of execution will be the same.
127. The instructor having halted the company, will, when he may wish, cause it to face to the front by the commands prescribed No. 119. The captain, the covering sergeant, and the directing sergeant ant, will resume their habitual places in line, the moment they shall have faced about.
128. The company being in march by the front -rank, if the instructor should wish to march in retreat he will cause the right about to be executed while marching, and to this effect will command:
1. Company. 2 Right about. 3. MARCH.
129. At the third command, the company will promptly face about . and recommence the march arch by the rear rank. .
130. The directing sergeant will face about with the company and will move rapidly six paces. in front of the file closers, and upon the prolongation of the guide. The instructor will place him in the, proper direction by the means prescribed No. 104. The captain, the covering sergeant, and the men, will conform to the principles prescribed for the march in retreat.
131. When the instructor Wishes the company to match by the front rank, he will give the same commands, and will regulate the direction of the march by the same means.
132. The instructor will cause to be executed in double quick time, all the movements prescribed in the 3d, 4th, 5th and 6th lessons of this school , with the exception of the march backwards, which will be executed only in quick time. He will Give the same commands, observing to add double quick before the command march.
133. When the pieces are carried on the right shoulder, in quick time, the distance between the ranks will be sixteen inches. Whenever, therefore, the instructor brings the company from a shoulder to this position, the rear rank must shorten a little the first steps in order to gain the prescribed distance, and will lengthen We steps, on the contrary, in order to close up when the pieces am again brought to a shoulder. In marching in double quick time he distance between the ranks will be twenty-six inches, and the pieces will be carried habitually on the right shoulder.
134, Whenever a company is halted, the man wilt bring their pieces at once to a shoulder at the command halt. The rear rank will close to its proper distance. These rules are general.
ARTICLE I. - To march by the flank
135. The company being in line of battle, and At a halt, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march by the right flank, he will command :
1. Company, right-FACE. 2. Forward. 3. MARCH.
136. At the first command, the company will face to the right. the covering sergeant will place himself at the head of the front rank the captain having stepped out for the purpose, so, far as to find, himself by the side of the sergeant, and on hit left; the front rank will double as is prescribed in the school of the soldier No. 352; the rear rank will, at the game time, side step. to the right one pace, and double in the same manner; go that when the movement is completed, the files will be formed of four men aligned, and elbow to elbow. The intervals will be preserved.
137. The file closers will also move by side step to the right, so that when the ranks are formed, they will be two paces from the rearmost rank.
138. At the command march, the company will move off briskly in quick time; the covering sergeant at the head of the front rank, and the captain on his left, will march straight forward. The men of each file will march abreast of their respective front rank men, heads direct to the front; the file closers will march opposite their places in line of battle.
139. The instructor will cause the principles of the march by the flank to be observed, in lacing himself, pending the march, as prescribed in the school of the soldier, No. 357.
140. The instructor will cause the march by the left flank to be executed by the same commands, substituting left for right; the ranks will double as has been prescribed in the school for the soldier, No. 354 the rear rank will side-step to the left one pace before doubling.
141. At the instant the company faces to the left, the left guide 'Will place himself at the head of the front rank; the captain will pass rapidly to the left, and place himself by the right side of this guide; the covering sergeant will replace the captain in the front rank, the moment the latter quits it to go to the left.
ARTICLE II.-To change direction by file
142. The company being faced by the flank, and either in march or at a halt, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to wheel by file, he will command:
1. By file, left, (or right). 2. MARCH.
143. At the command march, the first file will wheel; if to the side of the front rank man, the latter will take care not to turn at once, but to describe a short are of a circle, shortening a little the first five or six steps in order to give time to the fourth man of this file to conform himself to the movement. If the wheel be to the side of the rear rank, the front rank man will wheel in the step of twenty-eight inches, and the fourth man will conform himself to the movement by describing a short are of a circle as has been explained. Each file will come to wheel on the same ground where that which preceded it wheeled.
144. The instructor will see that the wheel be executed according to these principles, in order that the distance between the files may always be preserved, and that there be no check or hindrance at the wheeling point.
ARTICLE III.- To halt the company marching by the flank, and to face it to the front.
145. To effect these objects, the instructor will command:
1. Company. 2. HALT. 3. FRONT.
146. The second and third commands will be executed as proscribed in the school of the soldier ' Nos. 359 and 360. As soon as the files have undoubled, the rear rank will close to its proper distance. The captain and covering sergeant, as well as the left guide, if the march be by the left flank, will return to their habitual places in line at the instant the company faces to the front.
147. The instructor may then align the company by one of the means prescribed, No. 100.