ARTICLE IV. - The company being in march by the flank, to form. it on the right (or left)

by file into line of battle.


148. If the company be marching by the right flank. the instructor will command:


1.        On the right, by file into line. 2. MARCH.


149. At the command march, the rear rank men doubled will mark time; the captain and the covering sergeant will turn to the right, march straight forward, and be halted by the instructor when they shall have passed at least six paces beyond the rank of file closers, the captain will place himself correctly on the line of battle, and will direct the alignment as the men of the front rank successively arrive; the covering sergeant will place himself behind the captain at the distance of the rear rank - the two men on the right of the front rank doubled, will continue to march, and passing beyond the covering sergeant and the captain, will turn to the will I continue to march elbow to elbow, right; after turning, they will and direct themselves towards the line of battle, but when they shall arrive at two paces from this line, the even number will shorten the step so that the odd number may precede him on the line, the odd number placing himself by the side and on the left of the captain - the even number will afterwards oblique to the left, and place himself on the left of the odd number; the next two men of the front rank doubled, will pass in the same manner behind the two first, turn then to the right, and place themselves, according to the means just explained, to the left, and by the side of, the two men already established on the line; the remaining files of this rank will follow in succession, and be formed to the left in the same manner. The rear rank doubled will execute the movement 'K in the manner already explained for the front rank, taking care' not to commence the movement until four men of the front rank are established on the line of battle; the rear rank men, as they arrive on the line, will cover accurately their file leaders.

150. If the company be marching by the left flank, the instructor Will cause it to form by file on the left into line of battle, according to the same principles and by the same commands, substituting the indication left for right. In this case, the odd numbers will shorten the step, so that the even numbers may precede them on the line. The captain, placed on the left of the front rank, and the left guide, will return to their places in line of battle, by order of the instructor, after the company shall be formed and aligned.

151. To enable the, men the better to comprehend the mechanism of this movement, the instructor will at first cause it to be executed separately by each rank doubled, and afterwards by the two ranks united and doubled.

152. The instructor will place himself on the line of battle, and without the point where, the right or left is to rest, in order to establish the base of the alignment, and afterwards I he will follow -up the movement to assure himself that each file conforms itself to what is prescribed No. 149.


ARTICLE V.- The company being in march. by the flank, to form it by company, or by platoon,

into line, and to cause it to face to the right and left in marching.


153. The company being irk march by the right flank, the instructor will order the captain to form it into line; the captain will immediately command:


1.        By company, into line. 2. MARCH





154. At the command march, the covering sergeant will continue to march straight forward; the men will advance the right shoulder, take the double quick step and move into line, by the shortest route, taking care to undouble the files, and to come on the line one after the other.

155. As the front rank men successively arrive in line with, the covering sergeant, they will take from him the step, and then turn their eyes to the front.

156. The men of the rear rank will conform to the movements of their respective file leaders, but without endeavoring to arrive in line at the same time with the latter

157. At the instant the movement begins, the captain will face to his company in order to follow up the execution; and, as soon as, the company is formed, he will command, guide left, place himself two paces before the center, face to the front, and take the step of the company.

158. At the command guide left, the second sergeant will promptly place himself In the front rank, on the left, to serve as guide, and the covering sergeant who is on the opposite flank will remain there.

159. When the company marches by the left flank, this movement will be executed by the same commands, and according to the same principles; the company being formed, the captain will command guide right, and place himself in front of his company as above; the covering sergeant who is on the right of the front rank will serve as guide, and the second sergeant placed on the left. flank will remain there.

160. Thus, in a column by company, right or left in front, the covering sergeant and the second sergeant of each company will always to placed on the right and left, respectively, of the front tank; they will be denominated right guide and left guide, and the one or the other charged 'with the direction.

161. The company being in march by the flank, if it be the wish of the instructor to cause it to form platoons, he will give an order to that effect to the captain, who will command:


1. By platoon, into line. 2. MARCH.


162. The movement will be executed by each platoon according to the above principles. The captain will place himself before the center of the first platoon, and the first lieutenant before the center of the second, passing through the opening made in the center of the company, if the march be by the right flank, and around the left of his platoon, it. the march be by the left; in this last care the captain will also pass around the left of the second platoon in order to place himself in front of the first. Both the captain and lieutenant, without waiting for each other, will command guide left (or right) at the instant their respective platoons- are formed.

163. At the command guide left (or right) the guide of each platoon will pass rapidly to the indicated flank of the platoon, if not already there.

164. The right guide of the company will always serve as the guide of the right or left of the first platoon, and the left guide of the company will serve, in like manner, as the guide of the second platoon.

165. Thus in a column, by platoon, there will be but one guide to each platoon; he will always be placed on its left flank, if the right be in front, and on the right flank, if the left be in front.

166. In these movements the file closers will follow the platoons to which they are attached.

167. The instructor. will cause the company, marching by the. flank, to form by company, or by platoon, into line, by his own: direct commands, using those prescribed for the captain, No. 153 or' 161.

168. The instructor will exercise the company in passing, without a halt, from. the march by the front, to the march by the flank, and reciprocally. In either case, he will employ the commands prescribed in the School of the Soldier, No. 363, substituting company for squad. The company will face' to the right or left in Marching, and the captain, the guides, and file closers will conform themselves to what is proscribed for each in the march by the flank, or in the march by the front of a company supposed to be a -subdivision of a column.

169. If, after facing to the right or left, in marching, the company  find itself faced by the rear rank, the captain will place himself two paces behind the center of the front rank, now in the rear, the guides will pass to the rear rank, now leading, and the file closers will march in front of this rank.

170. The instructor, in order to avoid fatiguing the men, and to prevent them from being negligent in the position of shoulder arms will sometimes order support arms in marching by the flank, and. arms on the right shoulder, when marching in line.