ARTICLE III. – To change direction

 

211. The changes of direction of a column while marching, will be executed according to the principles prescribed for wheeling On the march. Whenever, therefore, a column is to change direction, the instructor will change the guide, if not already there, to the flank opposite the side to which the change is to be made.

212. The column being in march right in front, if it be the wish of the instructor to change direction to the right, he will give the order to the chief of the first platoon, and immediately go h himself, or send a marker to the point at which the change of direction is to be made; the instructor, or marker, will place himself on the direction of the guides, so as to present the breast to that flank of the column.

213. The leading guide will direct his march on that person, so

that, in passing, his left arm may just graze his breast. When the leading guide shall have approached near to the marker, the chief of his platoon will command:

 

1. Right wheel. 2. MARCH.

 

214. The first command will be given when the platoon is at the distance of four paces from the marker.

215. At the command march, which will be pronounced at the instant the guide shall have arrived opposite the marker, the platoon win wheel to the right, conforming to what is prescribed in the school of the soldier, No. 396

216. The wheel being finished, the chief of each platoon will command:

 

3. Forward. 4. MARCH.

 

217. These commands will be pronounced-and executed as is prescribed in the. school of the soldier, Nos. 398 and 399. The guide of the first, platoon will take points on the ground in the new direction , in order the better to regulate the march.

218. The second platoon will continue to march straight forward till up with the marker, when it will wheel to the right, and retake the direct march by the same commands and the same means which governed the first platoon.

219. The column being in march right in front, if the instructor should wish to change direction to the left, he will command, guide right. At this command, the two guides will move rapidly to the  right of their respective platoons, each passing in front of his subdivision; the men will take the touch of elbows to the right; the instructor will afterwards conform to what is prescribed No. 212.

220. The change of direction to the left will then be executed according to the same principles as the change of direction to the right, but by inverse means.

221. When the change of direction is completed, the instructor will command, guide left.

222. The changes of direction in a column, left in front, will be executed according to the same principles.

223. In changes of direction  in double quick time, the platoons will wheel according to the principles prescribed in the school of the soldier, No. 404.

224. In order to prepare the men for those. formations in line, which can be executed only by turning to the right or the left, the Instructor will sometimes cause the column to change direction to the side of the guide. In this case, the chief of the leading platoon will command: Left (or right) turn, instead of left (or right) wheel. The subdivisions will each turn, in succession, conforming to what is prescribed in the school of the soldier, , No,. 402. The leading guide, as soon as he has turned, will take points on the ground the better to regulate the direction of the march. .

225 It is 'highly important, in order to preserve distances and the direction, that all the subdivisions of the column should change precisely at the point where the leading subdivision direction changed; it is for this reason that that point ought to be marked in advance, and that it is prescribed that the guides direct their march on the marker, also that each chief of subdivision shall not cause the change to commence till the guide of his subdivision has grazed the breast of this marker.

226. Each chief will take care that his subdivision arrives at the point of change in a square with the line of direction ; with this view, he will face to his subdivision when the one which precedes has commenced to turn or to wheel, and he will be watchful that it continues to march squarely until it arrives at the point where the change of direction is to commence.

227. If, in changes of direction, the pivot of the subdivision which wheels should not clear the wheeling point, the next subdivision would be arrested and distances lost; for the guide who conducts the marching flank having to describe an are, in length about a half greater than the front of the subdivision, the second subdivision would be already up with the wheeling point, whilst the first which wheels has yet the half of its front to execute, and hence would be obliged to mark time until that half be executed. It is therefore prescribed, that the pivot of each subdivision should take steps of nine or eleven inches in length, according to the swiftness of the gait, in order not to arrest the march of the next subdivision. The chiefs of subdivision will look well to the step of the pivot, and cause his step to be lengthened or shortened as may be judged necessary. By the nature of this movement, the center of each subdivision will bend a little to the rear.

228. The guides will never alter the length or the cadence of the step, whether the change of direction be to the side of the guide or to the opposite side.

229. The marker, placed at the wheeling point, will always present his breast to the flank of the column. The instructor will take the greatest pains in causing the prescribed principles to be observed; he will see that each subdivision only commences the change of direction when the guide, grazing the breast of the marker, has nearly passed him, and, that the marching flank does not describe the are of too large a circle, in order that it may not be thrown beyond the new direction.

230. In change of direction by wheel, the guide of the wheeling Bank will cast his eyes over the ground at the moment of commencing the wheel, and will describe an are of a circle whose radius is equal to the front of the subdivision.

 

ARTICLE IV.-To halt the column.

 

231. The column being in march, when the instructor shall wish to halt it, he will command:

 

1. Column. 2. HALT

 

232. At the second command, promptly repeated by the chiefs of platoon, the column will halt- the guides will also stand fast, although they may have lost both' distance and direction.

233. If the command halt, be not repeated with the greatest vivacity, and executed. at the same instant, distances will be lost.

234. If a guide, having lost his distance, seek to recover it after that command, be will only throw his fault on the following guide, who, if he have marched well, will no longer be at his proper distance; and if the latter regain what he has thus lost, the movement will be propagated to the rear of the column.

 

ARTICLE V.-Being in column by platoon, to form to the right or left into line of battle,

either at a halt or on the march.

 

235. The instructor having halted the column, right in front, and wishing to form it into line of battle, will place himself at platoon distance in front of the leading guide, face to him, and rectify, if necessary, the position of the guide beyond; which being executed, he will command:

 

Left-DRESS.

 

236. At this command, which will not be repeated by the chiefs of platoon, each of them will place himself briskly two paces outside of his guide, and direct the alignment of the platoon perpendicularly to the direction of the column.

237. Each chief having aligned his platoon, will command FRONT , and return quickly to his place in column.

238. This disposition being made, the instructor will command:

 

1. Left into line, wheel. 2. MARCH.

 

239. At the command march, briskly repeated by chiefs of platoon, the front rank man on the left of each platoon will face to the left, and place his breast lightly against the arm of the guide by his side, who stands fast; the) platoons will wheel to the left on the principle of -wheels from a halt, and in conformity to what is prescribed No. 194 . Each chief will turn to his platoon, to observe its movement, and when the marching flank has approached near the line of battle, he will command:

 

1. Platoon. 2. HALT.

 

240. The Command halt, will be given when the marching flank of the platoon is three paces from the line of battle.

241. The chief of the second platoon, having halted it, will return to his place as a file closer, passing around the left of his, subdivision.

242. The captain having halted the first platoon, will move rap-  idly to the point at which the right of the company will rest in line of battle, and command:

 

Right- DRESS.

 

243. At this command, the two platoons will dress up on the alignment; the front rank man on the right of the leading platoon, who finds himself opposite the instructor established on the direction of the guides, will place his breast lightly against the left arm of this officer. The captain will direct the alignment from the right on the man on the opposite flank of the company.

244. The company being aligned, the captain will command FRONT.

245. The instructor, seeing the company in line of battle, will command:

 

Guides-POSTS.

 

246. At this command, the covering sergeant will cover the

captain, and the left guide will return to his place as a file closer. 2,47. If the column be left in front, and the instructor should wish to form it to the right into line of battle, he will place himself at platoon distance in front of the leading guide, face to him, and rectify, if necessary, the position of the guide beyond; which being executed, he will command:

 

1. Right into line, wheel. 2. MARCH.

 

248. At the command march, the front rank man on the right of each platoon will face to the right  and place his breast lightly against the left arm of the guide by his side, who stands fast; each platoon -will wheel to the right, and will be halted by its chief, when the marching flank has approached near the line of battle; for this purpose, the chief of each platoon will command:

 

1.        Platoon. 2. HALT.

 

249. The command halt, will be given when the marching flank of the platoon is three paces from the line of battle. The chief of the second platoon having halted his platoon, will resume his place in the rank of file closers.

250. The captain having halted the first platoon, will move briskly to the point at which the left of the company will rest, and command:

 

Left-DRESS.

 

251. At this command, the two platoons will dress up on the alignment - the man on the left of the second platoon, opposite the instructor, will place his breast lightly against the right arm of this officer, and the captain will direct the alignment from the left on the man on the opposite  flank of the company.

252. The company being aligned, the captain will command

 

FRONT.

 

253. The instructor will afterwards command:

 

Guides-POSTS.

 

254. At this command, the captain will move to the right of his company, the covering sergeant will cover him and the left guide will return to his place as a file closer.

255. The instructor may omit the command left or right dress, previous to commanding left or right into line, wheel, unless, after rectifying the position of the guides, it should become necessary to dress the platoons, or one of them, laterally to the right or left.

256. The instructor, before the command left (or right) into line, wheel, will assure himself that the rearmost platoon is at its exact wheeling distance from the one in front. This attention is important, in order to detect negligence on the part of guides in this essential point.

257. If the column be marching right in front, and the instructor should wish to form it into line without halting the column, he will give the commands prescribed No. 238, and move rapidly to platoon, distance in front of the leading guide.

258. At the command march, briskly repeated by the chiefs of platoon the left guides will halt short, the instructor, the chiefs of platoon: and the platoons, will conform to what is prescribed No. 239 and following.

259. If the column be in march left in front, this formation will be made according to the same principles, and by inverse means.

260. If the column be marching, right in front and the instructor should wish to form it into line Without halting the column, and to march the company in line to the front, be will command:

 

1. By platoons left wheel.. 2. MARCH.

 

261. At the command march, briskly repeated by the chiefs of platoon, the left guides will halt; the man next to the left guide in each platoon will mark time; the platoons will wheel to the left, conforming to the principles of a wheel on a fixed pivot. When the right of the platoons shall arrive near the line of battle, the  in instructor will command:

 

3. Forward. 4. MARCH. 5. Guide right (or left).

 

262. At the fourth command, given at the instant the wheel is completed, all the men of the company will move off together with the step of twenty-eight inches ; the captain, the chief of the second platoon, the covering sergeant, and the left guide will take their positions as in line of battle.

263. At the fifth command, which will be given immediately after the fourth, the captain and covering sergeant, if not already there, will move briskly to the side on which the guide is designated. The non-commissioned officer charged with the direction will move rapidly in front of the guide, and will be assured in his line of march by the instructor, as is prescribed No. 104. That noncommissioned officer will immediately take points on the ground as indicated in the same number. The men will take the touch of

elbows to the side of the guide, conforming themselves to the principles of the march in line.

264.    The same principles are applicable to a column left in front.