ARTICLE III.- To march the column in route, and to execute the movements incident thereto.

 

306. The swiftness of the route step will be one hundred and ten steps in a minute; this swiftness will be habitually maintained in columns it. route, when the roads and ground may permit.

307. The company being at a halt, and supposed to constitute a subdivision of a column, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to march in the route step he will command:

 

1. Column, forward. 2.Guide left (or right.) 3. Route step. 4. MARCH.

 

308. At the command march, repeated by the captain, the two ranks will step off together; the rear rank will take, in marching, by shortening a few steps, a distance of one pace (twenty-eight inches) from the rank preceding, which distance will be computed from the breasts of the men in the rear rank, to the knapsacks of the men in the front rank. The men, without farther command, will immediately carry their arms at will, as indicated in the School of the Soldier, No. 219. They will no longer be required to march in the cadenced pace, or with the same foot, or to remain silent. The files will march at ease; but care will be taken to prevent the ranks from intermixing, the front rank from getting in advance of the guide, and the rear rank from opening to too great a distance.

309. The company marching in the route step, the instructor will cause it to change direction, which will be executed without formal commands, on a simple caution from the captain; the rear rank will come up to change direction in the same manner as the front rank. Each rank will conform itself, although in the route step to the principles which have been proscribed for the change in closed ranks, with this difference only, that the pivot man, instead of taking steps of, nine, will take steps of fourteen inches, in order to clear the wheeling point.

310. The company marching in the route step, to cause it to pass to the cadenced step, the instructor will first order pieces to be brought to the right shoulder, and then command:

1.        Quick time. 2. MARCH.

 

311. At the command march, the men will resume the cadenced step, and will close so as to leave a distance of sixteen inches between each rank.

312. The company marching in the the cadenced pace, the instructor to cause it to take the route step will command

 

1. Route step. 2. MARCH.

 

313. At the command march, the front rank will continue the step of twenty-eight inches ; the rear rank will take, by gradually shortening the step, the distance of twenty-eight inches from the front rank; the men will carry their arms at will.

314. If the company be marching in the route step, and the instructor should suppose the necessity of marching by the flank in the same direction, he will command:

 

1. Company by the right (or left) flank. 2. By file left (or right.) 3 . MARCH.

 

315. At the command march, the company will face to the right (or left) in marching, the captain will. place himself by the side of the guide who conducts the leading flank; this guide will wheel immediately to the left or right; all the files will come in succession to wheel on the same spot as the guide; if there be files broken off to the rear, they will, by wheeling, regain their respective places, and follow the movement of the company.

316. The instructor having caused the company to be again formed into line will exercise it in increasing and diminishing front, by platoon: which will be executed by the same commands and the same means, as if the company were marching in the cadenced step. When the company breaks into platoons, the chief of each will move to the Bank of his platoon I and will take the place of the guide, who will step back into the rear rank.

317. The company being in column by platoon, and supposed to march in the route step, the instructor can cause the front to be diminished and increased, by section, if the platoons have a front of twelve. files or more.

318. The movements of diminishing and increasing front, by section, will be executed according to the principles indicated for the same movements by platoon.' The right sections of platoons. will be commanded by the captain and first lieutenant, respectively; the left sections by the two next subalterns in rank, or, in their absence, by sergeants.

319. The instructor wishing to diminish by section, will give the order to the captain, who will command:

 

1. Break into sections. 2. MARCH.

 

320. As soon as the platoons shall be broken, each chief of section will place himself on its directing flank in the front rank the guides who will be thus displaced, will fall back into the rear rank; the file closers will close up to within one pace of this rank.

321. Platoons will be broken into sections only in the column in route; the movement will never be executed in the manœuvres, whatever may be the front of the company.

322. When the instructor shall wish to reform platoons, he will give the order to the captain, who will command:

 

1. Form. platoons. 2. MARCH.

 

323. At the first command, each chief of sections will place himself before its center, and the guides will pass into the front rank. At the command march, the movement will be executed as has been prescribed for forming company. The moment the platoons are formed, the chiefs of the left sections will return to their places as file closers.

324. The instructor will also cause to be executed the diminishing and increasing front by files, as prescribed in the preceding article, and in the same manner, as if marching in the cadenced step. When the company is broken into sections, the subdivisions must not be reduced to a front of less than six files, not counting the chief of the section.

325. The company being broken by platoon or by section the instructor will cause it, marching in the route step, to march by the flank in the same direction, by the commands and the means indicated, Nos. 314 and 315. The moment the subdivisions shall face to the right (or left,) the first file of each will wheel to the left (or right,) in marching, to prolong the direction, and to unite with the rear file of the subdivision immediately preceding. The file closers will take their habitual places in the march by the flank, before the union of the subdivisions.

 326. If the company be -marching by the right -Rank, and the instructor should wish to undouble the files,. which might. sometimes be found necessary, he will inform the captain,  who, after causing the cadenced step to be resumed, and arms to be shouldered or supported, will command:

 

1. In two ranks, undouble files. 2. MARCH.

 

327. At the second command, the odd numbers will continue to march straight forward, the even numbers will shorten the step, and obliquing to the left will place themselves promptly behind the odd numbers; the rear rank will gain a step to the left, so as to retake the touch of elbows on the Side of the front rank.

328. If the company be marching by the left flank, it will be the even numbers who will continue to march forward, and the odd numbers who will undouble.

329. If the instructor should wish to double the files, he will give the order to the captain, who will command:

 

1. In four ranks, double files. 2. MARCH.

 

330. At the command march, the files will double in the manner as explained, when the company faces by the right or the left flank. The instructor will afterwards cause the route step to be resumed.

331. The various movements prescribed in this lesson may be executed in double quick time. The men will be brought, by degrees, to pass over at this gait about eleven hundred yards in seven minutes.

332. When the company marching in the route step shall halt, the rear rank will close up at the command halt, and the whole will shoulder arms.

333. Marching in the route step, the men will be permitted to carry their pieces in the manner they shall find most convenient, paying  attention only to holding the muzzles up, so as to avoid accidents.

    

ARTICLE IV.-Countermarch.

 

334. The company being at a halt, and supposed to constitute part of a column, right in front, when the instructor shall wish to cause it to countermarch, he will command:

 

1. Countermarch. 2. Company, right-FACE. 3. By file left. 4. MARCH.

 

335. At the second command the company will face to the right, the two guides to the right about ; the captain will go to the right of his company and cause two files to break to the rear, and then place himself by the side of the front rank man, to conduct him.

336. At the command march, both guides will stand fast; the company will step off Smartly; the first file conducted by the captain I will wheel around the right guide, and direct its march along             the front rank so as to arrive behind, and two paces from the left guide; each file will come in Succession to wheel on the same ground around the right guide ; the leading file having arrived at a point opposite to the left guide, the captain will command:

 

1. Company. 2. HALT. 3. FRONT. 4. Right-DRESS.

 

337. The first command will be given at four paces from the point where the leading file is to rest.

338. At the Second command, the company will halt.

339. At the third, it will face to the front.

340. At the fourth, the company will dress by the right; the captain will step two paces outside of the left guide, now on the right, and direct the alignment, so that the front rank may be enclosed between the two guides; the company being aligned, he will command FRONT, and place himself before the center of the company as if in column; the guides, passing along the front rank, will shift to their proper places, on the right and left of that rank.

341. In a column, by platoon, the countermarch will be executed by the same commands, and according to the same principles ; the guide of each platoon will face about, and its chief will place himself by the Hide of the file on the right, to conduct it.

342. In a column, left in front, the countermarch will be executed by inverse commands and means, but according to the same principles. Thus, the movement will be made by the right flank of subdivisions, if the right be in front, and by the left flank, if the left be in front; in both cases the subdivisions will wheel by file to the Side of the front rank.