ARTICLE V.- Being in column by platoon, to form on the right (or left) into line of battle.


 

 

 


343. The column by platoon, right in front, being in march, the instructor, wishing to form it on the right into line of battle, will command:

 

1. On the right into line. 2. Guide right.

 

344. At the second command, the guide of each platoon will shift quickly to its right flank, and the men will touch elbows to the right; the column will continue to march straight forward.

345. The instructor having given the second command, will move briskly to the point at which the right of the Company ought to rest in line, and place himself facing the point of direction to the left which be will choose.

 

346. The line of battle ought to be so chosen that the guide of each platoon, after having turned to the right, may have, at least, ten paces to take before arriving upon that line.

347. The head of the column being nearly opposite to the instructor, the chief of the first platoon will command: 1. Right turn; and when exactly opposite to that point, he will add:

 

2. MARCH.

348. At the command march, the first platoon will turn to the right, in conformity with the principles proscribed in the school of the soldier, No. 402. Its guide will so direct his march as to bring the front rank mail, next on his left, opposite to the instructor ; the chief of the platoon will march before its center; and

when its guide shall  be near the line of battle, he will command:

 

1. Platoon. 2. HALT.

 

349. At the command halt, which will be given at the instant the right of the platoon shall arrive at the distance of three paces from the line of battle, the platoon will halt; the files, not yet in line, will come up promptly. The guide will throw himself on the line of battle, opposite to one of the three left files of his platoon ; he will face to the instructor, who will align him on the point of direction to the left, The chief of platoon having, at the Same time, gone to the point where the right of the company is to rest, will, as soon as he sees all the files of the platoon in line, command

 

Right-DRESS.

 

350. At this, the first platoon will align itself; the front rank man, who finds himself opposite to the guide, will rest his breast lightly against the right arm of this guide, and the chief of the platoon from the right, will direct the alignment on this man.

351. The second platoon will continue to march straight forward, until its guide shall arrive opposite to the left file of the first; it will then turn to the right at the command of its chief, and march towards the line of battle, its guide directing himself on the left file of the first platoon.

352. The guide having arrived at the distance of three paces from the line of battle, this platoon will be halted, as proscribed for the first; at the instant it halts, its guide will spring on the line of battle, opposite to one of the three left files of his platoon, and will be assured in his position by the instructor.

353. The chief of the second platoon, seeing all its files in line, and its guide established on the direction, will command:

 

Right---DRESS.

 

354. Having given this command, he will return to his place as a Me closer, passing around the left; the second platoon will dross up on the alignment of the first, and, when established, the captain will command:

 

 

FRONT.

 

355. The movement ended, the instructor will command:

 

Guides-POSTS.

 

356. At this command, the two guides will return to their places in line of battle.

357. A column, by platoon, left in front, will form on the left into line of battle, according to the same principles, and, by inverse means, applying to the Second platoon what is prescribed for the first, and reciprocally. The chief of the second platoon having aligned it, from the point of appui, (the left,) will retire to his place as a file closer. The captain having halted the first platoon three paces behind the line of battle, will go to the same point to align is this platoon, and then command: FRONT. At the command, guides-posts, given by the instructor, the captain will shift to his proper flank, and the guides take their places in the line of battle.

358. When the companies of a regiment are to be exercised, at the same time, in the school of the company, the colonel will indicate the lesson or lessons they are severally to execute. The whole will commence by a bugle signal, and terminate in like manner.

 

Formation of a company from two ranks into. single rank, and reciprocally.

359. The company being formed into two ranks, in the manner -indicated No. 8, school of the soldier,  and supposed to make part of a column, right or left in front, when the instructor shall wish to form it into single rank, he will command:

 

1. ln one rank, form company. 2. MARCH.

 

360. At the first command, the right guide will face to the right.

361. At the Command march, the right guide will step off and march in the prolongation of the front rank.

362. The first file will step off at the same time with the guide; the front rank man will turn to the right at the first step, follow the guide, and be himself followed by the rear rank man of his file, who will come to turn on the same spot where be had turned. The second file, and successively all the other files, will Step off as has been prescribed for the first, the front rank man of each file following the rear rank man of the file next on his right the captain will superintend the movement, and when the last man shall have stepped off, he will. half the company, and face it to the front. 363. The file closers will take their places in the line of battle, two paces in the rear of the rank.

364. The company being in single rank, when the instructor shall wish to form it into two ranks, he will command:

 

1. In two ranks, form company. 2. Company, right-FACE. 3. MARCH.

 

365. At the second command, the company will face to the night: the right guide and the 'Man on the right will remain faced to the front.

366. At the command march, the men who have faced to the right, will step off, and form files in the following manner: the second man in the rank will place, himself behind the first to form the first file; the third will place himself by the side of the first in the front rank; the fourth behind the third in the rear rank. All the others will, in like manner, place themselves, alternately, in the front and rear rank, and will thus form files of two men, on the left of those already formed.

367. The formations above described will be habitually executed by the right of companies; but when the instructor shall wish to .have them executed by the left, be will face the company about, and post the guides in the rear rank.

368. The formation will then be executed by the same commands and according to the same principles as by the front rank; the movement commencing with the left file, now become the right, and in each file by the rear rank man, now become the front; the left guide will conform to what has been proscribed for the right.

369. The formation ended, the instructor will face the company to its proper front.

370. When a battalion in line has to execute either of the formations above described, the colonel will cause it to break to the rear by the right or left of companies, and will then give the commands just prescribed for the instructor. Each company will execute the movement as if acting singly.

 

Formation of a company front two ranks into four, and reciprocally, at a halt, and in march.

 

371. The company being formed in two ranks, at a halt, and supposed to form part of a column right in front, when the instructor shall wish to form it into four ranks, he will command:

 

1. In four ranks, form company. 2. Company left-FACE. 3. MARCH (or double quick-MARCH).

 

372. At the second command, the left guide will remain faced to the front, the company will face to the left; the rear rank will gain the distance of one pace from the front rank by a side step to the left and rear, and the men will form into four ranks as prescribed in the school of the soldier.

373. At the command march, the first file of four men will reface to the front without undoubling. All the other files of four will stop off, and closing successively to about five inches of the preceding file, will halt, and immediately face to the front, the men remaining doubled.

374. The file closers will take their new places in line of battle, at two paces in rear of the fourth rank.

375. The captain will superintend the movement.

376. The company being in four ranks, when the instructor shall wish to form it into two ranks, he will command:

 

1. In two ranks, form company. 2. Company right-FACE. 3. MARCH

(or double quick-MARCH).

 

377. At the second command the left guide will stand fast, the company will face to the right.

378. At the command march, the right guide will step off and march in the prolongation of the front rank. The leading file of four men will step off at the same time, the other files standing fast; the second file will step off when there shall be between it and the first space sufficient to form into two ranks. The following files will execute successively what has been prescribed for the second. As soon as the lust file shall have its distance, the instructor will command:

 

1.        Company. 2. HALT. 3. FRONT.

 

379. At the command front, the company will face to the front and the files will undouble.

380. The company being formed in two ranks, and marching to the front, when the instructor shall wish to form it into four ranks he will command:

 

1.        In four ranks, form company. 2. By the left double files. 3. MARCH (or double quick-MARCH).

2.         

381. At the command march, the left guide and the left file of the company will continue to march straight to the front; the company will make a half face to the left, the odd numbers placing themselves behind the even numbers. The even numbers of the rear rank will shorten their steps a little, to permit the odd numbers  of the front rank to get between them and the even numbers of that rank. The files thus formed of fours, except the left file, will continue to march obliquely, lengthening their steps slightly, so as to keep constantly abreast of the guide; each file will close successively on the file next on its left, and when at the proper distance from that file, will face to the front by a half face to the right, and take the touch of elbows to the left.

382. The company being in march to the front in four ranks, when the instructor shall wish to form it into two ranks, be will command:

 

1. In two ranks, form company. 2. By the right, undouble files. 3.MARCH (or double quick MARCH).

 

383. At the command march, the left guide and the left file of the company will continue to march straight to the front; the company will make a half face to the right and march obliquely, lengthening the step a little, in order to keep, as near as possible, abreast of the guide. As soon as the second file from the left shall have gained to the right the interval necessary for the left file to form into two ranks, the second file will face to the front by a half face to the left and march straight forward; the left file will immediately form into two ranks, and take the touch of elbows to the left., Each file will execute successively, what has just been prescribed for the file next to the left, and each file will form into two ranks when the file next on its right has obliqued the required distance and faced to the front.

384. If the company be supposed to make part of a column, left in front, these different movements will be executed according to the same principles and by. inverse means, substituting the indication left for right,

 

END OF THE SCHOOL OF THE COMPANY.