Inspection of Arms.


226. The recruits being at ordered arms, and having the sabre-bayonet in the scabbard, if the instructor wishes to cause an inspection of arms he. will command:




One time and two motions.


227. (First motion.) Seize the piece with the left band below and near the upper band, carry it with both bands opposite the middle of the body, the butt between the feet, the rammer to the rear, the barrel vertical, the muzzle about three inches from the body; carry the left hand reversed to the sabre bayonet, draw it from the scabbard and fix it on the barrel; grasp the piece with the left hand below and near the upper band, seize the rammer with the thumb and fore-finger of the right band bent, the other fingers closed.

228. (Second motion.) Draw the rammer as has been explained in loading, and let it glide to the bottom of the bore, replace the piece with the left hand opposite the right shoulder, and retake the position of ordered arms.

229. The instructor will then inspect in succession the piece of each recruit, in passing along the front of the rank. Each, as the instructor reaches him, will raise smartly his piece with his right hand, seize it with the left between the lower band and guide sight, the lock to the front, the left hand at the hight of the chin, the piece opposite to the left eye; the instructor will take it with the right hand at the handle, and, after :inspecting it, will return it to the recruit, who will receive it back with the right hand, and replace it in the position of ordered arms.

230. When the instructor shall have passed him, each recruit will retake the position proscribed at the command inspection arms, return the rammer, and resume the position of ordered arms.

231. If, instead of inspection of arms, the instructor should merely wish to calls(- bayonets to he fixed, he will command




232. Take the position indicated in No. 227, fix bayonets as has been explained, and immediately resume the position of ordered arms.

233. If it be the wish of the instructor, after firing, to ascertain whether the pieces have been discharged, he will command:




234. Put the rammer in the barrel as has been explained above, and immediately retake the position of ordered arms.

235. The instructor, for the purpose stated, can take the rammer by the, small end, and spring it in the barrel, or cause each recruit to make it ring in the barrel.

236. Each recruit, after the instructor passes him, will return rammer and resume the position of ordered arms.


Remarks on the Manual of Arms.


237. The manual of arms frequently distorts the persons of recruits before they acquire case and confidence in the several positions. The instructor will therefore frequently recur to elementary principles in the course of the lessons.

238. Recruits are also extremely liable to curve the sides and back, and to derange the shoulders, especially in loading. Consequently the instructor will not cause them to dwell too !on(, at a time in one position.

239. When, after some days of exercise in the manual of arms, the four men shall be well established in their use, the instructor will always terminate the lesson by marching the men for some time in one rank, and at one pace apart, in common and quick time, in order to confirm them more and more in the mechanism of the step; he will also teach them to mark time and to change step; which will be executed in the following manner:


To mark time.


240. The four men marching in the direct step, the instructor will command:


1. Mark time. 2. MARCH.


241. At the second command, which will be given at  the instant a foot is coming to the ground, the recruits will make a semblance of marching, by bringing the heels by the side of each other, and observing the cadence of the step, by raising each foot alternately without advancing.

242. The instructor wishing the direct step to be resumed will command


1. Forward. . 2. MARCH.


243. At the second command, which will be given as proscribed above, the recruits will retake the step of twenty-eight inches,


To change step.


244. The squad being in march, the instructor will command:


1. Change step. 2. MARCH.


245. At the second command, which will be given at the instant either foot is coming to the ground, bring the

foot -which is in rear by the side of that which is in front, and step off again with the foot which was in front.


To march backwards.


246. The instructor wishing the squad to march backwards, will command:


1. Squad backward 2. MARCH.


247. At the second command, the recruits will stop off smartly with the left foot fourteen inches to the rear, reckoning from heel to heel, and so on with the feet in succession till the command halt, which will always be preceded by the caution squad. The men will halt at this command, and bring back the foot in front by We side of the other.

248. This step will always be executed in quick time.

249. The instructor will be watchful that the recruits March straight to the rear, and that the erect position of the body and the piece be not deranged.


LESSON III.-To load in four times.


250. The object of this lesson is to prepare the recruits to load at will, and to cause them to distinguish the times which require the greatest regularity and attention, such as charge cartridge, ram cartridge and prime. It will be divided as follows:

251. The first time will be executed at the end of the command; the three others at the commands, two, three and four.

The instructor will command:


1. Load in four times. 2. LOAD.


252. Execute the times to include charge cartridge.




253. Execute the times to include ram cartridge.




254. Execute the times to include prime.




255. Execute the time of shoulder arms.


To load at will.


256, The instructor will next teach loading at will, which will be executed as loading in four times, but continued, and without rooting on either of the times. He will command:


1. Load at will. 2. LOAD


257. The instructor will habituate the. recruits, by degrees, to load with the greatest possible promptitude, each without regulating himself by his neighbor, and above all without waiting for him

258. The cadence prescribed No. 129, is not applicable to loading in four times, or at will.


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