Scientific: Echinocereus engelmannii
Common: Engelmann's hedgehog cactus, strawberry hedgehog cactus
Family: Cactaceae
Origin: Sonoran and Mojave deserts of Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Sonora, Baja California at elevations ranging from sea level to 8000 feet.

Pronounciation: E-ki-no-SEER-e-us en-gel-MAN-nee-i

Hardiness zones
Sunset
10-24
USDA 8 (with cold protection), 9-11 (in semi arid and arid regions only)

Landscape Use: Accent cactus for desert gardens, desert landscapes, container culture.

Form & Character: Diminuative, compact, dangerous, yet delicate.

Growth Habit: Perennial succulent subshrub, slow growing, highly variable, clumping and spreading commonly 3 to 60 branched, loosely aggregated basal stems. Stems are usually 2 to 4 inches in diameter and up to 2 feet high, and are often obscured by heavy spines.

Foliage/texture: Stems medium to dark green stem, up to 20 inches in length and 2 to 3 inches in diameter. Aeroles with spines, 15 to 20 per areole, straight, curved or twisted, individual spines with broad zones of different colors ranging from whitish or grayish, dull golden-yellow, or reddish brown to nearly black; very coarse texture.

Flowers & fruits: Simply amazing large, unisexual magenta flowers to 3 inches wide. Bright green stigma stands out against the scarlet petals, anthers yellows. Fruits are red or orangish, 1 to 2 inches in length, pulp whitish becoming infused with pink or red from the skin.

Seasonal color: Spring to early summer flowers, typically late April to early May in Phoenix.

Temperature: Heat loving, cold hardy to 15oF.

Light: Full sun

Soil: Needs a chunky, rocky, porous, and well-drained soil with no organic matter.

Watering: Generally little to no supplemental water is necessary.

Pruning: None

Propagation: Division of clumps, seed.

Disease and pests: Root rot can be expected if one tries to grow this wonderful little cactus in soil that is either poorly drained or rich in organic matter.

Additional comments: This is an outstanding small basally clumping cactus for formal and informal desert gardens. Spine color polymorphism provides the basis for varietial designation. As such there are seven recognized, yet controversial, varieties of E. engelmannii in Arizona and California. They are all listed as salvage restricted by the USDA NRCS.