Pronounciation: FII-kus pu-MIL-la
Landscape Use: Wall cover, trellis and fence cover in Phoenix, also topiary.
Form & Character: Deceptively delicate, woodsy, tropical to subtropical looking evergreen vine.
Growth Habit: Semi-woody evergreen perennial vine, slow when young becoming aggressive and vigorous, spreading to up to 1000 to 5000 ft2....basically covering up everything!.
Foliage/texture: Creeping fig like English and Algerian ivy has two distinct leaf types, juvenile and adult. The juvenile foliage small cordate to ovate, oblique inequilaterally base, ciliate hairs on underside of leaf, aerial roots on juvenile stems attach to most anything, adult leaves 2 to 3 times larger on erect adult branches; medium fine texture.
Flowers & fruits: Flowers small, greenish yellow; fruit is a rounded green to brown fig to 3 inches in diameter, flowers and fruit are seen on adult foliage only.
Seasonal color: none
Temperature: Surprisingly hardy to 10oF; definitely more cold hardy than its tropical appearance would suggest.
Light: Shade to partial sun; leaves yellow in direct Phoenix sun.
Soil: Iron chlorosis in alkaline Phoenix soils is common.
Watering: Regular irrigations, not drought tolerant.
Pruning: Prune vigorously every few years to control vigorous spread.
Disease and pests: Spider mites during hot, dry, dusty summers.
Additional comments: Aggressive growth habit (will cover a whole structure) plus aerial adventitious roots warrants discretionary use of this vine in order to circumvent maintenance problems, especially adventitious root digestion of wood structures. This plant is tougher than its delicate appearance would suggest.