Pronounciation: Os-tee-o-SPER-mum fru-ti-CO-sum
Sunset All zones as an annual, zones 8, 9,11-24 as a herbaceous perennial
USDA All zones as an annual, 9-11 as a herbaeous perennial.
Landscape Use: Ground covers, large and small scale, container plant, hanging basket, floral accent, winter or summer annual for flower borders depending on ecoregion.
Form & Character: Low prostrate and spreading, bright, cheerful with a tinge of mystery caused by the purple and white flowers.
Growth Habit: Sprawling ground cover that as a perennial might be able to cover up to or more than 50 feet2.
Foliage/Texture: Alternate, narrow espathulate to oblanceolates succulent green leaves to 4 inches long, leaves with a few coarse serrations, succulent stems sometimes have a purple cast; medium texture.
Flowers & Fruits: Trailing African daisy produces a carpet of perfect ray flowers born on 6 inch stalks, multiple colors available. Fruit inconspicuous, but fertile.
Seasonal Color: White, yellow, orange and/or purple flowers in winter and early spring in Phoenix. In colder climates, can bloom during summer.
Temperature: Tolerant to 25oF and struggles to survive in full sun in Phoenix during summer. Thus, it is often used in Phoenix as a cool season annual bedding plant.
Light: Full to partial sun.
Soil: Tolerant of soil alkalinity, perfers a sandy soil texture.
Watering: Needs regular irrigations in desert areas.
Pruning: None except to control spread.
Propagation: Extremely easy from softwood cuttings.
Disease and pests: BROWN SNAILS! Yikes, these snails are aggressive and eat trailing African daisy like its some new Blizzard at Dairy Queen.
Additional comments: Trailing African daisy was once overused in California landscapes as a ground cover. In Phoenix because of the high summer heat, trailing African daisy can be grown only as a cool season annual or biannual.