Scientific: Papaver nudicaule
Common: Iceland or arctic poppy
Family: Papaveraceae
Origin: High latitude artic regions of northern hemisphere

Pronounciation: Pa-PA-ver nu-di-ca-U-le

Hardiness zones:
Sunset All zones
USDA All zones

Landscape Use: Cold hardy perennial that is used in Phoenix for winter color, plant in mass at 6 inches on center, edging plant.

Form & Character: Small, delicate, festive, informal

Growth Habit: Herbaceaous annual, stemless basal clumps less than 12 inches tall.

Foliage/texture: Basal leaves pinnately lobed or cleft and usually light pale green; medium fine texture.

Flowers & fruits: Bright multiple-colored, ephemeral flowers 1 to 3 inches in diameter on weak, wily, sparsely pubescent 1 to 2 feet long scapes, flowers sometimes double; flower buds also pubescent, encapsulated fruit, oblong to 5/8 inch long.

Seasonal color: Winter flowers range from mixtures of white, yellow, orange to red.

Temperature: Prefers between 35o and 80oF.

Light: Full sun

Soil: Well-drained garden soil, this plant is highly salt sensitive.

Watering: Regular

Pruning: Remove spent flowers to encourage flowering.

Propagation: Seed

Disease and pests: Snails and slugs, crown rot if soil poorly drained.

Additional comments: There are numerous cultivated varieties of Iceland poppy that have different flower colors and sizes including:

Iceland poppy is not a good cut flower as petals easily abscise. The flowers and seed capsules are mildly diaphoretic.

The genus Papaver has about 50 accepted species spread across the northern hemisphere. Some horticulturally significant species of Papaver include: