Scientific: Pinus roxburghii
Common: Chir pine, Imodi pine
Family: Pinaceae
Origin: Himalayan mountains of Bhutan, north India, Kashmir, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim, and southern Tibet at elevations below 7,500 feet.

Pronounciation: PIE-nus rocks-bur-GEE-eye

Hardiness zones
5-9, 12-24
USDA 8-11

Landscape Use: Light shade tree with strong upright symmetry makes this a nice skyline tree for mesic and oasis landscape design types in Phoenix. It is a great greenspace park tree.

Form & Character: A large excurrent pine that looks similar in form (open and spreading crown) to P. brutia var. eldarica, but with long needles similar to P. canariensis.

Growth Habit: Woody evergreen perennial tree, moderately slow growth to 60 feet with lesser spread.

Foliage/texture: Short-lived (one year) needles, three per fascicle, to 12 inches long, juvenile needles generally not present; fine texture.

Flowers & fruits: Monoecious (male and female strobili born on same tree), cones are relatively small and stout.

Seasonal color: None

Temperature: Tolerant, but avoid western exposures with reflected light.

Light: Full sun

Soil: Tolerant, but salt sensitive.

Watering: Does best with regular water especially during hot summer months.

Pruning: Do not overly elevate the canopy base.

Propagation: Seed

Disease and pests: None

Additional comments: In Asia, Chir pine are valued for many uses as a timber tree for construction, furniture, etc., and the trunk as a source of resin. Of all the landscape pines found in Phoenix, Chir pine is the least common.