Pronounciation: Ra-fi-NES-qui-a knee-o-mex-i-KAY-na
Sunset Depends on use (arid regions only)
USDA Depends on use (arid regions only)
Landscape Use: Southwestern desert wild flower gardens, local native habitat restoration, color accent, xeriscape low water gardens winter and spring color accent.
Form & Character: Compact annual, showy, clean, innocent.
Growth Habit: Clumping, somewhat sparsely foliated to 20 inches in height with nearly equal spread.
Foliage/texture: Small to medium sized (depending on water availability) glaucous to gray or green leaves, somewhat pinntified, stems produce a milky latex sap; medium fine texture.
Flowers & fruits: Perfect white ray flowers with slight yellow centers, flowers 1 to 2 inches wide, borne on short terminal stalks, flower sepals an emerging petals sometimes show pink before full anthesis; fruits inconspicuous.
Seasonal color: Early spring flower color in lower central Arizona.
Temperature: Desert chicory thrives in the 40o to 100oF temperature range.
Light: Full sun
Soil: Best in alkaline, light to gravelly soils that are fast draining.
Watering: Only light supplemental water needed during abnormally dry winters.
Pruning: None, allow to reseed in late spring and summer if reseeded is desired.
Propagation: Seed sown lightly in fall.
Disease and pests: None
Additional comments: Desert chicory is a wonderful small white flowering
annual for desert gardens and dry landscapes. It is not very attractive before
bloom; in fact most people will think it's a weed. But then it blooms....and WOW!!
The genus Rafinesquia is named after the eccentric 19th century
French naturalist Constantine Samuel Rafinesque.
The genus Rafinesquia is named after the eccentric 19th century French naturalist Constantine Samuel Rafinesque.