Scientific: Teucrium chamaedrys (also known as the hybrid Teucrium x lucidrys of Teucrium officinale)
Common: germander, wall germander
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: Europe to Southwest Asia

Pronounciation: Te-u-CRI-um cha-MA-dres

Hardiness zones
USDA 5-11

Landscape Use: Ground cover, low edging or short informal hedge plant, perennial herb for sensory gardens.

Form & Character: Mounding ands spreading, clean-looking, tough, and aromatic.

Growth Habit: Evergreen perennial subsrhub, semi-woody with a moderate mounding habit to 12 to 18 inches tall, spreading moderately by rhizomes and stolons to 4 feet.

Foliage/Texture: Opposite, ovate, dark green and glabrous on adaxial surface with dentate margins outer half of leaf margin, leaves 1/2 inch long with short petiole; medium fine texture.

Flowers & Fruits: Small (corolla to 3/8 inch), white to pale pinkish purple, axillary flowers during May.

Seasonal Color: Late spring flowers

Temperature: Hardy to 0oF. In Phoenix, germander struggles before establishment if summer temperatures exceed 105oF and it is grown in an open setting with inorganic surface mulches such as as decomposing granite.

Light: Full sun to partial shade. No reflected western summer sun in Phoenix.

Soil: Tolerant

Watering: Infrequent to regular in summer, none during the winter.

Pruning: Lightly shear or head back once a year during late winter to promote dense habit of growth.

Propagation: Stem and root cuttings (for nursery production) and division (for home owners and gardeners)

Disease and pests: None

Additional comments: Germander is a clean looking herbal sub-shrub that is slow to establish in a xeriscape setting in Phoenix. This small plant was once highly esteemed as a treatment for gout, inflammation, respiratory ailments. Germander is also used for its diuretic properties, and as a treatment for weak stomachs and lack of appetite. It has been taken as an aid to weight loss and is a common ingredient in tonic wines. Some caution is advised when using this plant internally, it can cause liver damage. Germander is widely used in making alcoholic drinks with a bitter base

In the genus, Teucrium, there are over 300 species worldwide. One of then is T. fruticans (bush germander), which is also sometimes found in local Phoenix nurseries. It has gray tomentose leaves, light blue flowers (the cultivar 'Azureum'), and is an upright shrub to 5 feet in height. Both Teucrium chamaedrys and T. fruticans shrubs attract bees when in flower.