Scientific: Trachycarpus fortunei
Common: windmill palm
Family: Arecaceae
Origin: Eastern China and the Kyushu Island of Japan

Pronounciation: Tra-key-CAR-pus for-TUNE-ee-ii

Hardiness zones
USDA 7 (protection), 8-11

Landscape Use: Accent, background, around swimming pools and water features.

Form & Character: Upright, stiff erect, and stout.

Growth Habit: Moderately slow, single trunk palm to 40 feet, but usually much smaller in Phoenix.

Foliage/Texture: Palmate frond, orbicular, to 4 feet wide, segments divided and drooping, trunk fibrous and wider toward the top, petiole elongate and smooth; coarse texture.

Flowers & Fruits: Flowers are small, whitish on large, extended and branched panicles, flower stalks green, fruit globose to reniform, bluish, 1/2 inch wide, seed depressed in center.

Seasonal Color: None

Temperature: Tolerant

Light: Partial shade best, avoid south and western exposures, full sun in non-desert areas.

Soil: Tolerant

Watering: Regular

Pruning: Removal of dead fronds.

Propagation: Seed

Disease and pests: None

Additional comments: Windmill palm is rarely seen in Phoenix even though it is a good, single trunk poolside, water feature or accent palm for smaller protected landscape spots. The only caveat to its use is that our local low relative humidities and intense sunlight facilitates an unsightly tattering (dessication) of the frond pinna tips.