AND CODING OF INSTRUCTION
From: Stokrocki, M. (1995). A school day in the life of a young Navajo girl: A case study in ethnographic storytelling." Art Education, 47 (4), 61-68.
Purpose of Coding
General: To examine the type and frequency of repetitive behaviors in an everyday situation
Specific: To determine how an art teacher instructs young children by examining the details.
The first viewing of a video or class reveals "first impressions" that are confirmed or corrected
with repeated viewing.
Explanation of Class
Date: 5/16/92; Time: 45 minute class Who: Ms. W. , Navajo Instructor
Where: Navajo Reservation, Many Farms
Students: 15 kindergarten students in art room (end of year, one more art
Theme: CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISON OF FOODS AND MAKING CLAY WIGGLY THINGS'
Materials: multicolored plasticene-clay
Color & Icon Key and Definitions of Instruction
Time: 9:15, Class Begins
Where: Students sit on rug in art classroom, near their teacher to see picture books.
Transcript Dialogue: Teacher tells them to sit "like a pretzel" [fold their legs]. *
Ms. W: "OK. Shut your eyes and open your hand . I'm going to put something special into your hand and you can then eat it. DON'T PEEK! Are you ready?" Don't tell anyone what it tastes like! &
[Ms. W walks around and gives out the treat to kids as they giggle.]
Ss: "It's candy (a gummy worm). Look it's moving. [They begin to play with the worms.]
Boy walks around with his snake and Ms. W tells him to sit down.
Ms. W: "We have 10 minutes left to make clay things. Make me some worms, snakes, caterpillar. No cookies or fry bread now. The (plasticene) clay is hard, so soften it up like this. She rolls out a coil. [Demonstration]. I also want to see some shrimp or octopus. [She shows them pictures in a book.] # Example
9:33 Mrs. W distributes clay *
9:45 +[Ms. W notices a student's clay pieces keep on falling off and she tells him to make the legs thicker at the joints]. "++"[Another students throws clay and Ms. W takes his clay away. ] * [discipline]
Ms. W tells J to share his clay octopus with curled legs to the class [2 min.]. Two other students describe their clay pieces.+[reward]
9:50 Ms. W announces, "Time to put our animals to sleep! Put extra clay away in the bag and wash hands." She shows students where to put their finished clay things on the table, while she writes their names on a piece of paper. *
10:00: Ms. W: dismisses class and tells them to "walk quietly like a cat." * [use of metaphor for discipline or directions]
Cross-cultural Comparison of Foods:
Making Wiggly Things
|Monitor, question process with indiv. kids||
joking, taste candy
play with clay
Ms. W=teacher; Ss=students
Barker, R. (1968). Ecological pyschologogy: Conceptual methods for studying the
environment . Stanford: Stanford University Press.