Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


Primate Communities


Mammal Communities


Bovid Trophic Morphology


Primate Form and Function









Primate and Hominin Paleoecology

1993. Reed, K. E., Kitching, J. L., Grine, F. E., Jungers, W. L., and Sokoloff, L. Proximal femur of Australopithecus africanus from Member 4, Makapansgat, South Africa. Am. J. Phys. Anthrop. 92:1-15.

1994. Marean, C.M., Mudida, M. & Reed, K.E. Paleoenvironmental implications of Holocene micromammals and community structure from Enakpune Ya Muto Rockshelter (Central Rift, Kenya). Quaternary Research. 41, 376-389.

1996. The Paleoecology of Makapansgat and other Plio-Pleistocene Hominin Localities. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Stony Brook,UMI.

1997. Reed, K.E. Early Hominid Evolution and Ecological Change through the African Plio-Pleistocene. Journal of Human Evolution. 32, 289-322.

1998. Reed, K.E. Using large mammal communities to examine ecological and taxonomic organization and predict vegetation in extant and extinct assemblages. Paleobiology. 24, 384-408.

2002. Reed, K. E. The use of paleocommunity and taphonomic studies in reconstructing primate behavior, pp. 217-259. In Plavcan, M.J., Kay, R., van Schaik, C, and Jungers, W.L. Reconstructing Primate Behavior in the Fossil Record. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.

2005. Reed, K.E. and Fish, J.L. Tropical and temperate seasonal influences on human evolution, pp. 491-520. In Brockman, D. K. and van Schaik, C. P. (eds) Seasonality in Primates: Studies of Living and Extinct Human and Non-Human Primates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2005. Reed, K.E. African Plio-Pleistocene Mammal Communities: Do Unique Compositions Indicate Distinct Vegetation? J. Vert. Paleontol. and Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Meetings, October.

2006 Herries, A.I.R., Reed, K.E., Kuykendall, K.L.., Latham, A. G. Speleology and magnetobiostratigraphic chronology of the Buffalo Cave fossil site, Makapansgat, South Africa. Quaternary Research. 66: 233-245.

2007. Reed, K. E. and Rector, A.L. African Pliocene Paleoecology: Hominin habitats, resources and diets. In Ungar, P. (ed) Early Hominin Diets: The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2008. Reed, K.E. Paleoecological Patterns at the Hadar Hominin Site, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia. Journal of Human Evolution.Journal of Human Evolution, 54: 743-768.

2008. Assefa, Z., Yirga, S., and Reed, K.E.The large-mammal fauna from the Kibish Formation. Journal of Human Evolution, 55: 501-512.

2009. Reed, K.E. and Russak, S. M. Tracking ecological change in relation to the emergence of Homo at the Plio-Pleistocene boundary in Grine, F. and Leakey R.E. (eds) The First Humans - Origin and Early Evolution of the Genus Homo. SpringerLink Series in Vertebrate Paleobiology and Anthropology.

2010. Rector, A.L. and Reed, K.E. Middle and Late Pleistocene Faunas of Pinnacle Point and their Paleoecological Implications. Journal of Human Evolution 59(3-4):340-357.

2011. Reed, K. E. and Bibi, F. Fossil Tragelaphini (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) from the late Pliocene Hadar Formation, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia.  Journal of Mammalian Evolution 18: 57-69.

2012. Geraads, D., Bobe, R., Reed, K.E. Pliocene Bovidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 32: 180-197.

2013. Geraads, D., Reed, K., & Bobe, R. (2013). Pliocene Giraffidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(2), 470-481.

2013.  Behrensmeyer, A.K. and Reed, K.E. Reconstructing the habitats of Australopithecus: paleoenvironments, site taphonomy, and faunas in Reed, K.E., Fleagle, J.G. and Leakey, R. (eds) The Paleobiology of Australopithecus. Vertebrate Paleobiology & Paleoanthropology Series, Springer.

2013. Sponheimer, M., Alemseged, Z., Cerling, T. E., Grine, F. E., Kimbel, W. H., Leakey, M. G., Lee-Thorp, J.A., Manthi, F.K., Reed, K.E., Wood, B.A., & Wynn, J. G. (2013). Isotopic evidence of early hominin diets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


2013. Wynn, J. G., Sponheimer, M., Kimbel, W. H., Alemseged, Z., *Reed, K., Bedaso, Z. K., & Wilson, J. N. Diet of Australopithecus afarensis from the Pliocene Hadar Formation, Ethiopia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


2013. Reed, K.E., Spencer, L.M., Rector, A.L. Faunal Approaches in Early Hominin Paleoecology in Sponheimer, M., Thorp, J.L., Reed, K.E., Ungar, P. (eds) Early Hominid Paleoecology. University of Colorado Press.


2013. Reed, K.E. Multiproxy Paleoecology: Reconstructing evolutionary context in paleoanthropology in Begun, D. (ed) Companion to Biological Anthropology, Wiley-Blackwell Publisher. DOI: 10.1002/9781118332344.ch11


Primate Communities

1995. Reed, K.E. & Fleagle, J.G. Geographic and climate control of Primate Diversity. .Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 92, 7874 - 7876.

1996. Fleagle, J.G. & Reed, K.E. Comparing primate communities: A multivariate approach. Journal of Human Evolution. 30, 489-510.

1997. Godfrey, L., Jungers, W.L., Reed, K.E., Simons, E.L., & Chatrath, P. Primate subfossils: Inferences about past and present primate community structure. In Goodman, S. & Patterson, B. (eds) Natural and Human Influenced Environmental Change in Madagascar, pp. 218-256. Washington: Smithsonian University Press.

1999. Reed, K. E. Body size, population density, and resource partitioning in primate communities, pp. 116-140. In Fleagle, J.G., Janson, C., and Reed, K.E. (eds) Primate Communities. New York: Cambridge University Press.

1999. Fleagle, J.G. and Reed, K. E. Primate communities and phylogeny, pp. 92-115. In Fleagle, J.G., Janson, C., and Reed, K. E. (eds) Primate Communities. New York: Cambridge University Press.

2004. Reed, K.E. and Bidner, L.R. Primate Communities: Past, Present, and Possible Future. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. 47:2-39.

2004. Fleagle, J.G. and Reed, K.E. The Evolution of Primate Ecology: Patterns of geography and phylogeny. In Anapol, F., German, R.Z., & Jablonski, N. (eds) Shaping Primate Evolution: Papers in Honor of Charles Oxnard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


2000. Reed, K.E. & Lockwood C.A. Identifying migration patterns and endemism in African mammal localities. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Supplement 30.

Reconstruction of Ungulate Feeding Behaviors

1999. Sponheimer, M., Reed, K. E., and Lee-Thorpe, J. Combining isotopic and ecomorphological data to refine bovid paleodietary reconstruction: a case study from the Makapansgat Limeworks hominin locality.

Journal of Human Evolution 36: 705-718.

2001 Sponheimer, M., Thorp, J.-L., Reed, K. E. Isotopic Paleoecology of the Makapansgat Limeworks Perissodactyla. South African Journal of Science. 97: 327-329.

2003. Sponheimer, M., Lee-Thorp, J.A., DeRuiter, D.J., Smith, J.M., van der Merwe, N., Reed, K., Grant, C.C., Ayliffe, L.K., Robinson, T.F., Heidelberger, C. and Marcus, W. Diets of Southern African Bovidae: Stable Isotope Evidence. Journal of Mammalogy. 84 (2): 471-479.

2006 Schubert, B.W., Ungar, P.S., Sponheimer, M., Reed, K.E. Microwear evidence for Plio-Pleistocene bovid diets from Makpansgat Limeworks Cave, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 241: 301-319.


Kaye Reed Main Page



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