To view GSNI publications, please click here -- Grandparent
Strengths and Needs Inventory Publications
Parents and children are not the only ones whose efforts are required
in the quest to strengthen families. Grandparents are an important family
resource who, today, are often overlooked. This instrument is an assessment
tool that will help grandparents learn about themselves so that they can
provide positive support to their families. The GSNI examines the relationships
between grandparents and the parents and children (ages 6 to 18 years).
The GSNI consists of three 60-item surveys: grandparent, parent and grandchild
(three generational). Grandparents that complete the survey report about
their self impression. In the other two versions, children and parents
make known their perceptions of a particular grandparent. The three generational
survey provides a broader perspective of family interaction which offers
a more complete picture of grandparent. The GSNI measures:
(1) Satisfaction--How often the grandparent is pleased with aspects of
the grandparent role; (2) Success--How often the grandparent is successful
at performing their role; (3) Teaching--How often the grandparent provides
the kinds of lessons which are expected; (4) Difficulty--How often the
grandparent has difficulty with the obligations of grandparenting; (5)
Frustration--How often the grandparent feels frustrated about the behaviors
of grandchildren; and (6) Information Needs-- How often the grandparent
needs more information about what to expect of a grandchild at a particular
age, helping the grandchild succeed and deal with gangs and bullies at
school, preventing the use of drugs and alcohol, and other adolescent
Profile Feedback to Grandparents
Most Grandparents want feedback about their level of competence. This
goal is attained by first administering a Grandparent Strengths and Needs
Inventory and then preparing an individual Profile. Grandparents examine
the Profile to find their ratings based on their inventory responses.
Intervention programs can include feedback in the beginning of the instruction
and when completed (pre and post). Comparisons can be made between individuals
and norms of their subpopulation.
Language Translations: Available in English and Spanish
from the publisher. Translated versions available from author in Hebrew,
Japanese and Mandarin. For a list of publications about international
research studies, see Grandparent Strengths and Needs
Ages: For use by (1) individual and groups of Children
ages 6 to 18 years old, (2) individual and groups of Parents, (3) individual
and groups of Grandparents, and/or (4) by two or three of these generations.
Populations: English version studies for populations
include African-American, Caucasian, Mexican-American; Puerto Rican American;
low, middle and upper socioeconomic backgrounds; immigrant families to
Canada from Central and South America; grandparent volunteers in schools,
grandparent support groups, and families of atypical children who are
deaf, mentally retarded, gifted and talented (see Grandparent
Strengths and Needs Inventory Publications.
Countries: Canada, Central and South America, Japan,
Sweden, Taiwan, United States, Vietnam
Reliability and Validity
Psychometric indicators are described in the Grandparent Strengths and
Needs Inventory Manual available from the publisher.
"I try to teach my grandchild to care about other people's feelings."
"I am good at having an influence on my grandchild."
"I like how well my grandchild does at school."
1st edition 1993
Dr. Robert Strom and Shirley Strom [
Scholastic Testing Service
480 Meyer Road
Bensenville, Illinois 60106-1617
Thank you for visiting our site! We hope you found the information helpful
in understanding our efforts to improve family relationships. This site
is updated periodically so please see us again. If you know of other studies
or sites related to our instruments which should be included, please contact