To view a list of PAAT publications, click here-- Parent As A Teacher Publications

This instrument uses 50 items to measure attitudes of parents who have 3- to 9 year-old children. Five different aspects of the parent-child interaction are included: (1) Creativity, (2) Frustration, (3) Control, (4) Play, and (5) Teaching/Learning. Common uses for the inventory include: determining how parents perceive themselves, offering feedback about changes individuals should consider making, formulating a suitable curriculum emphasis for particular groups of parents, and evaluating how certain attitudes and behaviors modify in response to educational intervention. The PAAT can be administered individually or in a group. The PAAT includes an optional Parent Identification Form which helps researchers determine similarities and differences among populations or compare pre-test and post-test scores for effects of intervention.

Language Translations: Available in English and Spanish from the publisher. Also, available (from the author Robert D. Strom ) in Arabic, Bengali, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hopi, Japanese, Kannada, Mandarin, Malay, Navajo, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, and Turkish. For a list of publications describing research studies, sorted by population, see Parent As A Teacher Publications.

Ages: For use by Parents of children ages 3 to 9 years old.

Populations: English version studies for populations include African-American; Caucasian; Mexican-American; Native American; low, middle and upper socioeconomic backgrounds; families of atypical children who are deaf, mentally retarded and gifted; and parents lacking literacy skills enrolled in federal EvenStart Programs.

Countries: Australia, Canada, China, Egypt, India, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Mexico, Portugal, Turkey, United States

Reliability and Validity
Psychometric indicators are fully described in the Parent As A Teacher Manual available from the publisher Scholastic Testing Service.

Profile Feedback to Parents
Most parents want feedback about their level of competence. This goal is attained by first administering a Parent As A Teacher Inventory and then preparing an individual Profile. Mothers and fathers examine the Profile to find out ratings based on their inventory responses. Intervention programs can include feedback in the beginning of the instruction and when completed (pre and post). Comparisons can be made between individuals and norms of their subpopulation. The PAAT Measures:
Creativity--Parental acceptance of the child's creativity and willingness to encourage its development
Frustration -- Parental frustration with child behavior and focus on the frustration
Control--Parental feelings about the need to control the child's behavior
Play--Parental understanding of play and its influence on child development, and
Teaching/Learning--Parental views about child development and their ability to provide a supportive home environment

Sample Items:
"Much of my child's learning will take place before he or she enters school."
"It gets on my nerves when my child keeps asking me to watch him or her play."

Publication date
1st edition 1984;
2nd edition 1995

Robert D. Strom

Scholastic Testing Service
480 Meyer Road
Bensenville, Illinois 60106-1617
Phone: 1-800-642-6787


Thank you for visiting our site! We hope you found the information helpful in understanding our efforts to improve family relationships. This site is updated periodically so please see us again.