Memory and Language Lab

Stephen Goldinger

The Memory and Language Lab is located on the third floor of the Psychology Building on the main (Tempe) campus of Arizona State University. As it is now configured, the lab includes office space for 4 - 6 graduate students, four large sound-attenuated booths, and two large rooms for testing participants in groups of up to 12 people.

In our research, we mainly use Windows-based computers to run E-Prime Software for most of our experiments. Other software is available for different purposes.

We conduct various eye-tracking and pupillometry experiments, using both a Tobii 1750 system and an EyeLink 1000 system.

See the lab!

Current Graduate Researchers

The lab, during a trip to London

The lab, during a trip to London. From left to right: Whitney Hansen, Megan Papesh, Steve Goldinger, Tony Barnhart, Michael Hout. Note that our newest graduate student, Steve "Balls" Walenchok, is not pictured here.

Anthony Barnhart is working on several projects, with foci on psycholinguistics and attention. His primary focus is on the processes underlying handwritten word recognition, but he is also a professional (and awesome) magician! Tony is using his knowledge of magic to motivate new research on inattentional blindness.

Michael Hout focuses on visual attention and learning, with special emphasis on using eye-tracking methods to explore changes in viewing behavior as people learn visual scenes. Mike also has interests in working memory capacity, and recently developed software for a new method of collecting similarity scores for multidimensional scaling. (This can be seen on his web site.)

Steve Walenchok recently completed his first-year of graduate school in my lab. Steve's interests include eye movements during reading and visual search.

Undergraduate Researchers

Our lab supervises over a dozen bright, motivated students who are interested in gaining a deeper appreciation of cognitive science. If you are interested in working in our lab, we offer PGS 399 and PGS 499 credit, for 2 - 3 credit hours. Please contact one of the graduate students above to schedule a lab tour and interview!

Other Collaborative Researchers

Dr. Tamiko Azuma is an Associate Professor in the Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Arizona State University.

Dr. Paul A. Luce is a Professor of Psychology at the University of Buffalo, SUNY.

Dr. Erik Reichle is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Pittsburgh.

Dr. Peter N. Steinmetz is Director of the Neuroengineering Program at Barrow Neurological Institute.

Past Graduate Researchers

Since I joined ASU in 1992, many excellent students have worked in the lab. Here are some alumni, in reverse chronological order:

Megan Papesh (Ph.D., 2012): Dr. Papesh was recently hired as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Louisiana State University, where she will continue to examine the behavioral, psychophysiological, and neurological correlates of episodic memory.

Collaborative Publications:

  • Papesh, M.H. & Goldinger, S.D. (in press). "Memory in motion: Movement dynamics reveal memory strength". Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, **, ***-***.
  • Goldinger, S.D. & Papesh, M.H. (2012). "Pupil dilations reflects the creation and retrieval of memories". Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 90-95.
  • Papesh, M.H. & Goldinger, S.D. (2012). "Pupil-PLAH_Metry: Cognitive effort in speech planning reflected by pupil dilation". Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 4, 754-765.
  • Papesh, M.H., Goldinger, S.D. & Hout, M.C. (2012). "Memory strength and specificity revealed by pupillometry". International Journal of Psychophysiology, 83, 56-64.
  • Papesh, M.H. & Goldinger, S.D. (2011). "Your effort is showing! Pupil dilation reveals memory heuristics". In P. Higham & J. Leboe (Eds.) Constructions of Remembering and Metacognition (pp. 215-224). Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Papesh, M.H. & Goldinger, S.D. (2010). "A multidimensional scaling analysis of own- and cross-race face spaces". Cognition, 116, 283-288.
  • Goldinger, S.D., He, Y. & Papesh, M.H. (2009). "Deficits in cross-race face learning: Insights from eye-movements and pupillometry". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35, 1105-1122.
  • Papesh, M.H. & Goldinger, S.D. (2009). "Deficits in cross-race face recognition: No evidence for encoding-based effects". Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 253-262.

Whitney Hansen (Ph.D., 2011): Dr. Hansen is currently a Lecturer at Arizona State University in the Department of Psychology, teaching courses in cognitive psychology, physiological psychology, and research methods.

Collaborative Publications:

  • Hansen, W.A. & Goldinger, S.D. (2009). "Taboo: An unspeakable study of mental control". American Journal of Psychology, 122, 283-292.
  • Goldinger, S.D. & Hansen, W.A. (2005). "Recognition by the seat of your pants". Psychological Science, 16, 525-529.

Jason Smith (Ph.D., 2008): Dr. Smith is currently a research scientist, working with Dr. Barry Horwitz in the NIH/NIDCD Brain Imaging and Modeling Center.

D. Vaughn Becker (Ph.D., 2005): Dr. Becker is currently an Assistant Professor in the Applied Psychology Program at Arizona State University, Polytechnic Campus.

Collaborative Publication:

  • Becker, D. V., Stone G. O., & Goldinger, S. (2006). Perception and recognition memory of words and werds: Two-way mirror effects. Memory and Cognition, 34, 1495-1511.

Heather M. Kleider (Ph.D., 2003): Dr. Kleider is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Georgia State University.

Collaborative Publications:

  • Kleider, H.M., Goldinger, S.D. & Knuycky, L. (2008). "Stereotypes Influence False Memory for Imagined Events". Memory, 16, 91-114.
  • Kleider, H.M., Pezdek, K., Goldinger, S. D. & Kirk, A. (2008). Schema-Driven source misattributions errors: Remembering the expected from a witnessed event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22, 1-20.
  • Kleider, H.M., & Goldinger, S.D. (2006). "The Generation and Resemblance Heuristics in Face Recognition: Cooperation and Competition." Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 32, 259-276.
  • Kleider, H.M., & Goldinger, S.D. (2004). Illusions of face memory: Clarity breeds familiarity. Journal of Memory and Language, 50, 196-211.
  • Goldinger, S.D., Kleider, H.M., Azuma, T., & Beike, D. (2003). "Blaming the victim" under memory load. Psychological Science, 14, 81-85.
  • Goldinger, S.D., Azuma, T., Kleider, H.M., & Holmes, V. (2002). Font-specific memory: More than meets the eye? In J. Bowers & C. Marsolek (Eds.), Rethinking Implicit Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 157-196.
  • Kleider, H.M., & Goldinger, S.D. (2001). Stereotyping ricochet: Complex effects of racial distinctiveness on identification accuracy. Law and Human Behavior, 25, 605-627.
  • Goldinger, S.D., Kleider, H.M., & Shelley, E. (1999). The marriage of perception and memory: Creating two-way illusions with words and voices. Memory & Cognition, 27, 328-338.

Larry Gottlob (Ph.D., 1999): Dr. Gottlob is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Kentucky.

Collaborative Publication:

  • Gottlob, L.R., Goldinger, S. D., Stone, G. O. & Van Orden, G.C. (1999). Reading homographs: Orthographic, phonologic, and semantic dynamics. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perceptual Processes, 25, 561-574.

Marianne Abramson (Ph.D., 1999): Dr. Abramson is currently a lecturer in the Department of Psychology at California State University, Bakersfield.

Collaborative Publication:

  • Abramson, M., & Goldinger, S.D. (1997). What the reader's eye tells the mind's ear: Silent reading activates inner speech. Perception & Psychophysics, 59, 1059-1068.

Stephen Goldinger

Contact Information:

  • Stephen D. Goldinger
  • Arizona State University
  • Department of Psychology
  • P.O. Box 871104
  • Tempe, AZ 85287-1104
  • E-mail:
  • Phone: 480-965-0127
  • Fax: 480-965-8544