SLN: 79795
M 4:30-7:15 PM
Tempe LL 112

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ENG 604: Darwin's Origin and Victorian Culture

Fall 2012 Syllabus


This course meets on Mondays from 4:30 to 7:15 PM .

The format will be a seminar format. Monday classes will involve brief lectures and general discussion of the readings while some class time each week will be taken up with discussions of student seminar papers submitted the previous Sunday night. All students must read and comment on their fellow students' papers during Monday discussion. Readings are listed below on the syllabus. In addition to completing the weekly reading, submitting the writing assignments, and attending class regularly, participating in in-class discussion of both the readings and fellow students' papers, you are required to participate in asynchronous Blackboard discussions every week.

This course seeks to develop your critical interpretive skills, to broaden your knowledge of nineteenth century British literature and culture, and to enhance your writing, reading, and research skills.

Dan Bivona
Office: LL 224

Office hours: M 3-4:30 and T 3-4 (in LL 224), W 7-8 pm (online only), and by appointment

Directions for online meetings:
[Audio conference: Call my Skype number from any phone: 602-903-3825]
[Video conference: 1) Find my contact info in the Skype Directory, 2)
add me to your contacts list, 3) and make a video call (this requires you to have Skype
on your computer; video calls on Skype are free. See to download)]

Phone: 602-903-3825
My Website

See my faculty profile here:

Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was published in 1859. A comprehensive synthesis of challenging ideas, some of which were already widespread within the scientific community in the 1850s, the Origin, when it burst upon the scene, also offered its readers both a narrative of the origins of organic life and a metanarrative argument about how to construct the story of life before consciousness. In this course, we will examine the impact and influence of this important text in the late nineteenth century. Besides the Origin of Species, we will be reading from a variety of influential evolutionary theorists of the time including Spencer, Huxley, Lombroso, and Freud as well as from the works of a number of novelists and writers who grappled with the challenges posed by Darwin in their work: Wilde (The Picture of Dorian Gray), Eliot (Middlemarch), Stevenson (Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde), Gosse (Father and Son), Hardy (Jude the Obscure), Jack London (White Fang), and Wells (The Island of Dr. Moreau). Requirements include regular participation in in-class and Blackboard discussions, occasional quizzes, 4 brief critical papers, 1 take-home final, and 1 critical research paper.

Where it can be found
Due Date
% of Final Grade
4 critical papers, 450-600 words in length (1-2 pages).
Topics should be drawn from the reading and discussion material of the week it will be discussed in class; prompts for first papers will appear in the "Assignments" area of Blackboard; thereafter, students are responsible for creating their own theses
due in my inbox ( on Sunday at 12 noon before the Monday in-class discussion.
1 critical research paper (15-20 pages)
topics in the "Assignments" area of Blackboard
due in my inbox on December 10 before 11:59 PM
1 take-home final to be administered online
It will appear on our website 24 hours before the exam is due back to me by email attachment
weekly contributions to class discussion, on Blackboard and in class; quiz grades; attendance; all students are required to read all the seminar papers in advance of Monday class and pose questions during Monday discussions
"Discussion Board" area of Blackboard and in class
throughout; you will receive a letter grade for attendance, quiz performance, and in-class contributions at the end of the semester

*You have the option to revise and resubmit one of the seminar papers for an additional grade. If you choose to do so, your first draft grade will count for 5% of your final grade and the revision grade will count for 5%. Revisions are due in my inbox on the final day of class, December 10.

The critical papers should be 400-600 words in length (1.5-2.5 pages). This word limit will be strictly policed. Topics for the initial papers can be found on Blackboard by following the "Assignments" link. These papers are to be submitted as attachments to an email to me ( no later than 12 PM on Sunday before our Monday seminar paper discussion. Grade will be reduced one grade for every day the paper is late. Use MLA Format for citations. The due dates of these papers can be found in the schedule in Blackboard (see the "Assignments" area)..

Seminar paper discussions: Each week I will assign individual students responsibility for leading the discussion of individual papers on the following Monday, although all students are required to read the papers to be discussed before class. You can expect to be assigned to leading one of these discussions the week following a week in which you have submitted a paper for discussion. The job of the discussion leader is to focus class discussion on the paper's thesis and evidence, and to do so while inviting ways of strengthening the argument by broadening the reach of it. The best way to begin such a discussion is to summarize the argument of the paper briefly, first, and then to let the group know if you agree or disagree with the argument. You can use the paper as an opportunity to open up important issues for class discussion that may perhaps go beyond the argument made by the student in his or her paper.

All students should bring either paper copies of the papers to be discussed every Monday, a laptop for accessing the papers, or extensive notes on the papers.

The Guidelines for paper grading can be found here:

A note on getting started: Effective note-taking on the novels is very important, because you will need to use your notes to find the evidence to support the claims you make in your papers. An effective thesis should assert something about the meaning of the work that is not obvious to everyone who has read it. Moreover, an effective thesis takes a stand on an issue of significant controversy over the meaning of the work discussed. The initial paper topics, which can be found on Blackboard in the "Assignments" area, will provide you with question prompts. These are based on significant critical issues that the works have engendered. After the initial paper, you will be on your own when it comes to finding a thesis. The best general strategy in a course like this is to find an issue that allows you to connect the scientific discourse (Darwin, Spencer, Freud, Huxley, etc.) with the literary works.

The final paper, a critical research paper, should be 15-20 pages in length. You should use at least three secondary sources. Again, topics will be found on the course Blackboard in the "Assignments" area. All students should discuss their topics with me no later than early November and submit a one-paragraph thesis statement and argument forecast on email by November 15.

Weekly contributions to online class discussion: Everyone is required to pose at least 6 questions to the group online over the course of the 16-week term. In addition, every student is required to respond at least once per week to other students' or my questions. You will be graded both on the frequency of your contributions and on the quality of them. The best strategy is to post at least 2 or 3 thoughtful responses and/or questions per week. Please be sure to make them thoughtful, paragraph-long responses, not quick, two-word responses, and be sure to observe the conventions of civil online discourse (no flaming or personal remarks about other students in the class). Questions may deal with the previous week's reading or with the upcoming week's reading. You may ask questions or make responses that relate current material to material introduced earlier in the course, but please do not pose questions about a novel that the rest of the class will not have read for two more weeks. Questions and responses should be posted no later than 9 AM on the Monday of each week to be counted for that week.

Issues raised in the the online discussions will be discussed in class as well.

Please note that all work done for this course must be your original work. If you make use of the insights of other writers, you must cite them in your papers using MLA citation format. Punishments for plagiarism can be very severe and may include a permanent grade of "failure with academic dishonesty" or suspension from the University. If you have any questions about what constitutes plagiarism, please ask me.

Author Title Edition
Darwin, Charles On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection* Oxford UP
Gosse, Edmund Father and Son* Oxford UP
Eliot, George Middlemarch** Penguin
Stevenson, R. L. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde* Oxford UP
Wilde, Oscar The Picture of Dorian Gray* Oxford UP
Freud, Sigmund Totem and Taboo* (Brill translation) Knopf
Hardy, Thomas Jude the Obscure ** Riverside Editions
London, Jack White Fang* Puffin Classics
Wells, H. G. The Island of Dr. Moreau* Signet

These books are currently available at, Google Books, or Please note that you are also responsible for reading and taking notes on an extensive array of secondary works as well. These are available on the internet. Information for downloading is available on the reading list.

*These works should be read completely in time for discussion on Monday.

**The reading and discussion of these books will be divided over two weeks. You should read the first half of these books for the first week of discussion.

Week Topic Reading/Assignments
Aug. 27

Introduction to the course; Evolutionary Geology, Temporality, and Religious Doubt

  • Tennyson, "In Memoriam A. H. H." (1850), sections LIV-LVI (Literature Online database)
  • Richard Dawkins, "The Purpose of Purpose" lecture (youtube)
Sept. 3
No Class: Labor Day holiday


Sep. 10

Grp A#1

Darwin's Origin
  • Origin of Species [read whole]
  • Beer, Gillian. Darwin's Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot, and Nineteenth Century Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000 [1983]: "Introduction" (pp. 1-21) [available online through]
  • Bivona, Daniel. "The Comparative Advantages of Survival: Darwin’s Origin, Competition, and the Economy of Nature." (Blackboard)

Sep. 17

Grp B #1 due

Origin and Genesis
  • Father and Son (1907)

Sep. 24

Grp C #1 due

Emergence: the Whole that is Greater than the Sum of its Parts
  • Middlemarch (1871-3) [read at least the first half];
  • Goldstein, Jeffrey. "Emergence as a Construct: History and Issues." Emergence 1.1 (Apr. 3, 1999): 49-72.
  • Ziman, John. "Emerging out of Nature into History: The Plurality of the Sciences." Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 361.1809 (Aug. 15, 2003): 1617-1633 (JSTOR).

Oct. 1

Grp A #2 due

Cooperation and Sympathy
  • Middlemarch cont. [read whole]
  • Axelrod, Robert and Douglas Dion. "The Further Evolution of Cooperation." Science. New Series. 242.4884 (Dec. 9, 1988): 1385-1390 (JSTOR).

Oct. 8

Grp B #2 due

Degeneration within the Professional Class
  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886);
  • Lombroso, Cesare. Crime: Its Causes and Remedies. Trans. Henry P. Horton. Boston: Little Brown, 1911 [Read Chapters IV and V, pp. 43-75] (Google Books)
  • Pick, Daniel. "The Faces of Anarchy: Lombroso and the Politics of Criminal Science in Post-Unification Italy." History Workshop 21 (Spring, 1986): 60-86 (JSTOR).
  • Huxley, T. H. Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature. New York: Appleton, 1873 (Google Books) [Read pages 45-70]
Oct. 15
No Class: Mid-Semester Break

Oct. 22

Grp C #2 due

Evolution and Aesthetics
  • The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890);
  • Walter Pater, "Conclusion" to The Renaissance [Literature Online]
  • Allen, Grant. "Aesthetic Evolution in Man." Mind 5.20 (Oct. 1880): 445-464 (JSTOR);
  • __________. "The Origin of the Sense of Symmetry." Mind 4.15 (July 1879): 301-316 (JSTOR).

Oct. 29

Grp A #3 due

Evolution and Aesthetics cont.
  • Wilde et al. cont.
  • Bivona, Daniel. "Aesthetic Instinct and Sexual Taste:
    Oscar Wilde and the Instinct for Symmetry" (Blackboard)

Nov. 5

Grp B #3 due

Evolutionary Anthropology
  • Totem and Taboo (1913)
Nov. 12
No Class: Veterans Day observed

Nov. 19

Grp C #3 due

Evolutionary Anthropology and Sexual Selection
  • Jude the Obscure (1895) [read first half]
  • From Dawkins, The Selfish Gene [Introduction]
  • Weismann, August. The Germ-Plasm: A Theory of Heredity. New York: Charles Scribner's, 1898: 1-36 [Google Books]
  • Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. Trans. Hubback. London and Vienna: The International Psychoanalytical Press, 1922. [Google Books]

Nov. 26

Grp A #4 due

Evolutionary Anthropology and Sexual Selection cont.
  • Jude the Obscure (1895) cont. [read the whole]

Dec. 3

Grp B #4 due

Designing Evolution: Do all animals want to be human?
  • The Island of Dr. Moreau (1898)

Dec. 10

Grp C #4 due**

Naturalism, Survival of the Fittest, Parasitism, and Melodrama
  • White Fang (1906)

Dec. 12

Take home final exam due at  

N.B. All the readings above not available on can be found free online, either through Google Books or through one of the ASU Library databases. Please note that to access such databases as JSTOR you must go through the validation page on first.

Each student will be assigned to one seminar paper group (A, B, or C) at the beginning of the course. Due dates for your papers are listed under the date of the class.

**Due date of critical research paper.

  • Literature Online (database containing primary texts in British and American literature)
  • Literature Resource Center (provides access to a variety of primary and secondary texts, principally in British and American literature)
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (biographies of British literary and historical figures)
  • Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism (self-explanatory)
  • JSTOR (large database of secondary sources in a variety of disciplines, some reaching back to the nineteenth century)
  • Project Muse (large database of recent [1999-2008] secondary sources in a variety of disciplines)
  • Periodicals Archive Online (large database of secondary sources, many from the nineteenth century)
  • Nineteenth Century Masterfile (digital index: identifies locations of primary and secondary material; it also now links to full text versions of the material it indexes)
  • Academic Search Premier (large database of principally secondary source material)
  • MLA Bibliography (bibliographic index of secondary sources in modern language and literature)
  • ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Guardian and The Observer

N. B. All the above sources can be searched online through the ASU Library website. You must go through this site in order to be validated to use these sources. The Library's "One Search" is very useful.


The sites below can be searched directly through the internet: