Adaptive Change Point Monitoring for High-Dimensional Data


In this paper, we propose a class of monitoring statistics for a mean shift in a sequence of high-dimensional observations. Inspired by the recent U-statistic based retrospective tests developed by Wang et al. (2019) and Zhang et al. (2020), we advance the U-statistic based approach to the sequential monitoring problem by developing a new adaptive monitoring procedure that can detect both dense and sparse changes in real time. Unlike Wang et al. (2019) and Zhang et al. (2020), where self-normalization was used in their tests, we instead introduce a class of estimators for q-norm of the covariance matrix and prove their ratio consistency. To facilitate fast computation, we further develop recursive algorithms to improve the computational efficiency of the monitoring procedure. The advantage of the proposed methodology is demonstrated via simulation studies and real data illustrations.

Statistica Sinica