To view a list of PSI publications, click here -- Parent Success Indicator Publications

The PSI measures:
• Communication--How often the parent is good at communicating and listening to the child.
• Use of Time--How often the parent has difficulty finding time to be involved in the child's daily life.
• Teaching--How often the parent teaches about important issues such as health, consideration of others feelings, and issues of right and wrong.
• Frustration--How often the parent is frustrated by the way a child typically behaves.
• Satisfaction--How often the parent likes the way a child typically behaves.
• Information Needs-- How often the parent needs more information about what to expect of a child at a particular age, helping the child succeed in school, helping the child deal with gangs and bullies, preventing the use of drugs and alcohol, and other adolescent concerns.

Typically, a parents's role is most stressful when a child is 10 to 14 years of age. The Parent Success Indicator is a two-generational instrument (a parent and a child survey) for parents with children in this age group (middle and junior high school). Children in middle and junior high school are considered by most scholars to be at-risk because of the many problems with unprecedented dangers these children experience today.
The Parent Success Indicator identifies favorable qualities of parents, and aspects of their behavior where education seems warranted through parent self-reports and the perceptions of their children.
The PSI consists of six subscales: Communication, Use of Time, Teaching, Frustration, Satisfaction, and Information Needs. This allows adults to make better decisions about self-improvement because they can consider the perceptions of those they are trying to influence. Some common uses for the PSI are to: find out how parents view their assets and limitations during this demanding period of parenting, determine how parents are seen by their children, compare child and parent impressions of the parent performance, give feedback to individual parents about the attitudes and behaviors they ought to consider changing, design curriculum for parent groups with shared characteristics, and detect how parent-child interaction changes in response to educational intervention.
Included with the PSI are an Identification form that helps researcher determine similarities and differences among populations, and a Profile for data compilation and parent feedback on pretest and post-test scores to determine the effects of intervention.

Profile Feedback to Parents
Most parents want feedback about their level of competence. This goal is attained by first administering a Parent Success Indicator and then preparing an individual Profile. Mothers and fathers examine the Profile to find out ratings based on their inventory responses. Intervention programs can include feedback in the beginning of the instruction and when completed (pre and post). Comparisons can be made between individuals and norms of their subpopulation.

Sample Items
"I am good at discussing my child's concerns about dating."
"I am frustrated by the language my child uses."

Publication date
1st edition 1998

Robert D. Strom & Shirley K. Strom

Scholastic Testing Service
480 Meyer Road
Bensenville, Illinois 60106-1617
Phone: 1-800-642-6787

Language Translations: Available in English and Spanish from the publisher. Also available from Robert Strom ( ) in Japanese and Mandarin. For a list of international research studies sorted by population, see Parent Success Indicator Publications.

Ages: For use by (1) Parents of children ages 10 to 14 years old; (2) Children ages 10 to 14 years old; (3) or both the child and parent groups.

Populations: English version studies for populations include Asian-American, African-American, Caucasian, Mexican-American, low, middle and upper socioeconomic backgrounds; immigrant families to Canada from Central and South America; and families of atypical children who are deaf, mentally retarded, gifted and talented. Please see Parent Success Indicator Publications.

Countries: Research has been completed in the following countries: Australia, Canada, Japan, Central and South America, People's Republic of China, United States, Vietnam

Reliability and Validity
Psychometric indicators are described in the Parent Success Indicator Manual available from the publisher.


Thank you for visiting our site! We hope you found the information helpful in understanding our efforts to improve family relationships. This site is updated periodically so please see us again. If you know of other studies or sites related to our instruments which should be included, please contact